Marston, Cheshire

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Marston
Lion Salt Works.jpg
Lion Salt Works, Marston
Marston is located in Cheshire
Marston
Marston
 Marston shown within Cheshire
Area  1.32 sq mi (3.4 km2)
Population 538 [1]
   – density  408/sq mi (158/km2)
OS grid reference SJ66690275533
Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester
Shire county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CW9
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°16′30″N 2°29′46″W / 53.275°N 2.496°W / 53.275; -2.496

Marston is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester in the north west of England. The settlement is located on the River Weaver, close to Anderton and the Anderton Boat Lift. The nearest major settlement to Marston is Manchester which lies 15 miles north east. It is the site of the Lion Salt Works, now an industrial museum.

Landscape[edit]

Marston lies West of the Peak District on the Cheshire Plain.[2] Superficial Alluvium deposits on the West side of Marston has produced higher, fluctuating topography in this area as well as Glaciofluvial deposits on the South side producing a ridge by Wincham Brook.[3][4] The surrounding flat areas are composed of Devensian Till.[5]

History[edit]

One of Marston's defining features is its old salt mine. First worked on since around 1777, the mine covers an excavated area of 85 acres.[6]

In 1884:

"one salt mine, the most noticeable, was visited by the Emperor Nicholas of Russia[7] ".

Since then the mine has been illuminated with more than 10,000 lights, used for banquets and visited by distinguished members of the British Association in 1854. The new lighting and visit by the British Association attracted almost 1,000 individuals to the mine in one day.[8]

In 1874 the Church of St Paul was erected. Designed by Mr. Douglas, architect of Chester, in the Early English style, it consists of an organ chamber on the south side, nave, north aisle with porch and a low spire and turret containing one bell.[9]

Population, Institutional and Occupational History[edit]

Historically Marston was a Township in the Great Budworth Parish (Bucklow Hundred, SJ 6776) and became a Civil Parish in 1866.[10] Between 1837 and 2009 Marston had been part of 5 Registration districts- Northwhich (1837-1974), Vale Royal (1974-1998), Cheshire Central (1998-2007), Cheshire (2007-2009) and Cheshire West and Chester (2009+).[11] In 1889 Marston's area was reduced by 272 acres due to a boundary change- Wincham, East of Marston, gained this area which included 18 individuals as well as Jackson's and Barber's Farm.[12] Marston had a population of 538 according to the 2011 census.[13]

Map of civil parish of Marston within the former borough of Vale Royal
Population of Marston, 1881-2011.[14]

In 1881 the primary occupation (making up 12.4% of the total population) was "Worker in Mineral Substances". This large section of employment would have been due to Marstons extensive salt mine. At this time period workers in this industry where all male- 23% of males worked in this industry in 1881.

Graph to show individuals occupation by male and female in 1881.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Density, 2011". Office for national statistics. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Arc GIS Online". Esri. Retrieved 6 March 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  3. ^ "Geology of Britain Viewer". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Arc GIS Online". esri. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Geology of Britain viewer". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Marston, Cheshire". UK Genealogy Archives. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  7. ^ Bartholomew, John (1887). Gazetteer of the British Isles. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Marston, Cheshire". UK Genealogy Archives. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Marston Genealogy and History". Kelly's Directory of Cheshire. Forebears. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Marston". GEN UKI. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Marston". UK GENI. Retrieved 25 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Marston". GEN UKI. UK and Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Marston (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key statistics". neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 
  14. ^ A Vision of Britain Through Time. "Marston historical statistics". Retrieved 2 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex". A Vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Marston, Cheshire at Wikimedia Commons