Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland

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Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland
Marszałek Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
First:
Wojciech Trąmpczyński
Incumbent: Bogdan Borusewicz 02 Senate of Poland.jpg
Bogdan Borusewicz
Formation:
1922
Herb Polski.svg
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The Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Marszałek Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a presiding officer of the Senate of Poland. He or she is also third person according to the Polish order of precedence, after President of the Republic of Poland and Sejm Marshal, and second in line to became Acting President of the Republic of Poland (after Sejm Marshal; in period 1935-1939 Senate Marshal was the first).

Because of both precedence order and succession order, he or she is commonly referred to as the "third person in state".

His deputy is the Vice-Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland.

Role[edit]

Marshal:

  • Represent Senate
  • Preside over Senate sessions
  • Preside over Senate Presidium and caucus of heads of Senatorial caucuses (Konwent Seniorów) meetings
  • Performing some representative roles on the state level
  • Becoming Acting President when Sejm Marshal cannot do so
  • Is in charge on peacekeeping in the Senate

History[edit]

Marshals of the Senate existed as early as the Duchy of Warsaw (19th century). In the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the role was performed by the Grand Crown Marshals.

List of officeholders[edit]

In Second Polish Republic:
Name Period Party
Wojciech Trąmpczyński November 28, 1922 - March 26, 1928
Julian Szymański March 27, 1928-December 8, 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
Władysław Raczkiewicz December 9, 1930-October 3, 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
Aleksander Prystor October 4, 1935-November 27, 1938 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
Bogusław Miedziński November 28, 1938-November 2, 1939 Camp of National Unity

The office was interrupted by German invasion of Poland in 1939 and not reinstated in People's Republic of Poland.

In modern Poland:
Name Period Party
Andrzej Stelmachowski November 22, 1989-November 26, 1991 Obywatelski Klub Parlamentarny
August Chełkowski November 26, 1991-October 15, 1993 Solidarity
Adam Struzik October 26, 1993-October 19, 1997 Polish Peasant Party
Alicja Grześkowiak October 21, 1997-October 18, 2001 Solidarity Electoral Action
Longin Pastusiak October 20, 2001-October 18, 2005 Democratic Left Alliance
Bogdan Borusewicz October 20, 2005–Incumbent

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-02-11 of the equivalent article on the Polish Wikipedia.

See also[edit]