Marta Mirazón Lahr

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Marta Mirazón Lahr
Lahr, old Germa, Fezzan, Libya, 2011.jpg
Born 1965
Occupation Biological Anthropologist

Dr. Marta Mirazón Lahr (born 1965) is a researcher of human evolutionary biology and director of the Duckworth Laboratory at the University of Cambridge.

Academic career[edit]

Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Lahr graduated in Biology from the University of São Paulo, Brazil. She later earned a Masters and PhD in Biological Anthropology from the University of Cambridge,[1] following which she was elected to a Junior Research Fellowship at Clare College. She was then an Assistant Professor in Genetics at the University of São Paulo, before returning to Cambridge in 1998 as a Lecturer in Biological Anthropology and Fellow of Clare College.[2][3] Lahr was promoted to University Reader in Human Evolutionary Biology in 2005.[4]

In 2001 Lahr, with co-founder Robert Foley, established the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies (LCHES) at the University of Cambridge, with funding from the Wellcome Trust and the Leverhulme Trust. The Centre was designed to provide a home for the Duckworth Collection, and up-to-date laboratories and facilities to support research in human evolution which integrated genetics, anthropology, and other fields.[5]

Lahr was awarded the Phillip Leverhulme Prize in 2004.[6]

Research[edit]

Lahr’s research is in human evolution, and ranges across hominid morphology, prehistory and genetics. Her early work provided a test of the Multiregional Hypothesis of modern humans origins, and underlined much of the argument in favour of regional continuity in traits between archaic and modern humans.[7] This research expanded into a fuller consideration of modern human origin and its relationship to human diversity, published as a book in 1996 (The Evolution of Human Diversity).[8] Her subsequent research continued to explore human diversity from a number of different approaches – genetic, ecological and in terms of life history.[9][10][11]

She and Robert Foley were among the first to propose a ‘southern route’ for humans out of Africa, and for human diversity to be the product of multiple dispersals as well as local adaptation.[9][10][11][12] She has led field projects in the Amazon, the Solomon Islands,[13][14] the Central Sahara[15] and Kenya,[16] the last two focusing on issues to do with the origins and dispersals of modern humans in Africa.

Lahr is currently the director of In-Africa, an ERC funded research project examining the role of east Africa in modern human origins[17] and was recently interviewed alongside Richard and Meave Leakey as part of the documentary 'Bones of Turkana', a National Geographic Special about palaeoanthropology and human evolution in the Turkana Basin, Kenya.[18][19]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Lahr, M.M. (1996), The evolution of modern human diversity, Cambridge University Press,UK 
  • Lahr, M. M. & Foley, R. A. (2003), "On stony ground: Lithic technology, human evolution, and the emergence of culture", Evolutionary Anthropology 12 (3): 109–122, doi:10.1002/evan.10108 
  • Field, J. S. & Lahr, M. M. (2006), "Assessment of the Southern Dispersal: GIS-Based Analyses of Potential Routes at Oxygen Isotopic Stage 4", Journal of World Prehistory 19 (1): 1–45, doi:10.1007/s10963-005-9000-6 *Lahr, M. M. (2010), "Saharan Corridors and their role in the Evolutionary Geography of ‘Out of Africa I’", Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology: 27–46 
  • Bateson, P., Barker, D., Clutton-Brock, T., Deb, D., D’Udine, B., Foley, R. A., Gluckman, P., Godfrey, K., Kirkwood, T., Lahr, M.M., McNamara, J., Metcalfe, N. B., Monaghan, P., Spencer, G., & Sultan, S. E. (2004), "Developmental plasticity and human health", Nature 430: 419–421, doi:10.1038/nature02725 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The origins of modern humans: a test of the multiregional hypothesis.". Cambridge University Library. Retrieved 2013-01-27. 
  2. ^ "Fellows of Clare College, Cambridge". Clare College. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  3. ^ "Cambridge Reporter List of Elected Fellows at Clare College, Cambridge". Cambridge Reporter Online. Retrieved 2013-01-28. 
  4. ^ "Cambridge Reporter List of University Promotions 2005". Cambridge Reporter Online. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  5. ^ "Features of the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies". University of Cambridge. Retrieved 2012-12-26. 
  6. ^ "Phillip Leverhulme Prize Winners 2004". The Leverhulme Trust. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  7. ^ Lahr, M. M. (1994). "The Multiregional Model of Modern Human Origins: A Reassessment of its Morphological Basis". Journal of Human Evolution 26: 23–56. doi:10.1006/jhev.1994.1003. 
  8. ^ Lahr, M. M. (1996) The evolution of modern human diversity, Cambridge: CUP.
  9. ^ a b Lahr, M. M. & Foley, R. (1994). "Multiple Dispersals and Modern Human Origins". Evolutionary Anthropology 3(2): 48–60. doi:10.1002/evan.1360030206. 
  10. ^ a b Lahr, M. M. & Foley, R. (1998). "Towards a theory of modern human origins: Geography, demography, and diversity in recent human evolution". Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 41: 137–176. 
  11. ^ a b Foley, R. & Lahr, M. M. (1992). "Beyond ’Out of Africa’: Reassessing the origins of Homo sapiens.". Journal of Human Evolution 22: 523–529. doi:10.1016/0047-2484(92)90085-n. 
  12. ^ Foley, R. & Lahr, M. M. (1997). "Mode 3 technologies and the evolution of modern humans". Cambridge Archaeological Journal 7 (1): 3–36. doi:10.1017/S0959774300001451. 
  13. ^ Ricaut, F-X., Thomas, T., Mormina, M., Cox, M. P., Belatti, M., Foley, R. A., Mirazón-Lahr, M. (2010). "Ancient Solomon Islands mtDNA: assessing Holocene settlement and the impact of European contact.". Journal of Archaeological Science 37 (6): 1161–1170. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2009.12.014. 
  14. ^ Cox, M. P. & Mirazón-Lahr, M. (2006). "Y-chromosome diversity is inversely associated with language affiliation in paired Austronesian- and Papuan-speaking communities from Solomon Islands.". American Journal of Human Biology 18 (1): 35–50. doi:10.1002/ajhb.20459. PMID 16378340. 
  15. ^ Mirazón-Lahr, M., Foley, R., Armitage, S., Barton, H., Crivellaro, F., Drake, N., Hounslow, M., Maher, L., Mattingly, D., Salem, M., Stock, J., White, K. (2008). "DMP III: Pleistocene and Holocene palaeonvironments and prehistoric occupation of Fazzan, Libyan Sahara.". Libyan Studies 39: 1–32. 
  16. ^ "In Africa (ERC Research Project)". Retrieved 2013-01-23. 
  17. ^ "In Africa Project 2012-2017". http://www.in-africa.org. Retrieved 2013-01-30. 
  18. ^ "Bones of Turkana Review of Educative Value". www.studenthandouts.com. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  19. ^ "Bones of Turkana National Geographic Special". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 

External links[edit]