Coordinates: 3°27′S 114°50′E / 3.450°S 114.833°E
Martapura is the capital of the Banjar Regency in South Kalimantan province, Indonesia. It covers into 3 districts within the Regency - Martapura, West Martapura and East Martapura. This town is famous as santri city in Kalimantan, because of Darussalam pesantren. Originally this town was named Kayutangi which was the last capital of Sultanate of Banjar. The famous Banjarese ulema Sheikh Muhammad Arsyad al-Banjari, author of Sabilal Muhtadin comes from this town. This town is often visited by tourists because of its diamond industry center and the main diamond polishing in Kalimantan and provides many jewelry handicrafts.
Martapura is often called as kota Veranda of Mecca because there are many santris wearing white clothes in this town who walk up and down to study Islam and similar with Mecca when hajj season.