|Martha Cowles Chase|
November 30, 1927|
Cleveland Heights, Ohio, USA
|Died||August 8, 2003
Lorain, Ohio, USA
|Alma mater||College of Wooster, University of Southern California|
Martha Cowles Chase (November 30, 1927 – August 8, 2003), also known as Martha C. Epstein, was an American geneticist known for being a member of the 1952 team (see Alfred Hershey) that experimentally showed that DNA rather than protein is the genetic material of life. She was greatly respected as a geneticist.
Early Life and Education
Research and Later Life
In 1952 Chase was a young laboratory assistant to American bacteriophage expert Alfred Hershey at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory from the Carnegie Institution of Washington. This was where the well-known Hershey-Chase experiment was performed. The experiment showed that it was DNA, and not protein, that was the genetic material through which traits were inherited.
A series of personal setbacks through the 1960s ended Chase's career in science. She spent decades suffering from a form of dementia that robbed her of short-term memory. She died of pneumonia on August 8, 2003, at the age of 75.
- Hershey, A. D. and Martha Chase. "Independent Functions of Viral Protein and Nucleic Acid in Growth of Bacteriophage." J. Gen. Physiol., 36 (1): 39-56. September 20, 1952.
- Dawson, Milly (2003-08-20). "Martha Chase dies". The Scientist. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Lavietes, Stuart. "Martha Chase, 75, a Researcher Who Aided in DNA Experiment". The New York Times.
- Linus Pauling and the race for DNA: Martha Chase
- Dawson, Milly. Martha Chase Dies. Genome Biology 2003, 4:spotlight-20030820-01 doi:10.1186/gb-spotlight-20030820-01.
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