Martin Brundle

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This article is about the racing driver. For the fictional lead character in the film The Fly II, see Martin Brundle (The Fly).
Martin Brundle
Martin Brundle 2011 portrait.jpg
Portrait of Brundle in 2011
Born Martin John Brundle
(1959-06-01) 1 June 1959 (age 55)
King's Lynn, Norfolk, England, UK
Formula One World Championship career
Nationality United Kingdom British
Active years 19841989, 19911996
Teams Tyrrell, Zakspeed, Williams, Brabham, Benetton, Ligier, McLaren and Jordan
Races 165 (158 starts)
Championships 0
Wins 0
Podiums 9
Career points 98
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
First race 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix
Last race 1996 Japanese Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years 19871988, 1990, 19971999, 2001, 2012
Teams Jaguar
Nissan Motorsport
Toyota Team Europe
Team Bentley
Greaves Motorsport
Best finish 1st (1990)
Class wins 1 (1990)

Martin John Brundle (born 1 June 1959 in King's Lynn, Norfolk) is a British racing driver from England, known as a Formula One driver and as a commentator for ITV Sport from 1997 to 2008, the BBC from 2009 to 2011 and Sky Sports from 2012.[1]

Brundle contested the British Formula Three Championship in 1983, finishing a close second to Ayrton Senna, and the two progressed to Formula One the next year. Brundle failed to score a victory at the top level of single seater racing, but he has been successful in other disciplines. He was the 1988 World Sportscar Champion, with a record points score, and won the 1990 24 Hours of Le Mans race for Jaguar Cars in a Jaguar XJR-12.

Career[edit]

Early racing career[edit]

Brundle had an unorthodox route to Formula One.[2] He began his racing career at the age of 12, competing in grass track racing,[3] in the Norfolk village of Pott Row.[2] In 1975, he moved to Hot Rod racing and received 'Star grade' status. In 1979, he started single seater racing in Formula Ford. During this time he also raced Tom Walkinshaw's BMW touring cars, during which he finished second against a field of international drivers at Snetterton. He won the BMW championship in 1980, and partnered Stirling Moss in the TWR-run BP/Audi team during the 1981 British Saloon Car Championship season. In 1982, he moved up to Formula Three achieving five pole positions and two wins in his debut season. He won the Grovewood Award as the most promising Commonwealth driver.[3] The next year, he competed with Ayrton Senna for the Formula Three championship, which Brundle eventually lost on the final laps of the last race.[4] In 1984, he was offered a Formula One entry.

Formula One (1984–1987)[edit]

His Formula One career began with the Tyrrell Racing Organisation in 1984.[5] He put in a number of aggressive and fast drives, finishing fifth in his first race in Brazil and then second in Detroit.[5] At the 1984 Dallas Grand Prix Brundle broke his ankles and both feet in a crash during a practice session,[4] and was forced to miss the rest of the season while he recuperated. Later in the year Tyrrell were disqualified from the World Championship due to a technical infringement and Brundle's achievements for that season were wiped from the record books.

For the next two seasons he remained with Tyrrell, and despite the team's switch from the Cosworth DFV to the turbocharged Renault engines in mid-1985, the team struggled against the works teams. He scored only eight points in his time with Tyrrell, all in the 1986 season. In 1987 he left Tyrrell and moved to the struggling West German team Zakspeed, but scored only two points during the year; both were scored for finishing fifth at the 1987 San Marino Grand Prix. The Zakspeed 871 car was unable to compete with the front runners. The two points scored by Brundle in 1987 were the only points the Zakspeed team scored in their five-year (1985–89) run in Formula One.

Brundle at the 1990 IMSA Del Mar Grand Prix.

Sportscars and Brabham (1988–1991)[edit]

Four years of Formula One racing for underfunded teams led Brundle to seek a new challenge, and thus in 1988 he took a year out. Brundle had been associated with Jaguar since 1983, when he drove TWR-prepared Jaguar XJS touring cars in the European Touring Car Championship. From his two starts with the Jaguar team Brundle took two victories, the second in partnership with TWR owner Tom Walkinshaw. When Jaguar decided to return to the World Sportscar Championship and the American IMSA championship, in partnership with TWR, Walkinshaw chose Brundle as his lead driver. The team performed well in the 1988 World Sportscar Championship season, and Brundle won the world sportscar title with a record points haul.[6] He also won the Daytona 24 Hours the same year. He became the test driver for Williams and stood in for Nigel Mansell at the 1988 Belgian Grand Prix,[6] after Mansell was struck down with chickenpox. Brundle was to have driven Mansell's Williams again at the next race at Monza in Italy but prior commitments with TWR saw the drive go to fellow sports car racer Jean-Louis Schlesser instead. Schlesser would be involved in the incident which caused the retirement of McLaren's Ayrton Senna late in the race, handing the win to Ferrari's Gerhard Berger and causing McLaren's only loss of the 1988 season.

In 1989 he returned to Formula One full-time with the returning Brabham team who would be running the Judd V8 engine. But while the former champions were initially competitive, with Brundle running third at Monaco until a flat battery forced him to pit for a replacement while his team mate Stefano Modena finishing third, Brabham were unable to recapture their early past success and Brundle, who had failed to pre-qualify for both the Canadian and French races during the season opted to move back into the sports car arena for 1990. His 1990 24 Hours of Le Mans victory rejuvenated his career, but still a top-line race seat in Formula One eluded him. As well as contesting races in sports prototypes, Brundle also contested the American IROC series in 1990. He took victory at the temporary circuit at Burke Lakefront Airport (the only IROC victory for a British driver)[citation needed] and finished third in the overall standings. In 1991 he rejoined Brabham, but the squad had fallen even further down the grid and good results were sparse.

Formula One (1992–1996)[edit]

Seasoned observers noticed Brundle's drives into the points in the uncompetitive Brabham Yamaha in 1991, which was the last points finish for the Brabham team. This helped Brundle get a 1992 switch to Benetton, with whom he would finally claim a recognised podium finish and consistent points finishes with some gritty drives.

In 1992 he had a productive season, with a strong finish to the year. He came close to a win at Canada, where having overtaken Schumacher and closing on leader Gerhard Berger, the transmission failed.[5] He never outqualified team-mate Michael Schumacher, but made up places with excellent starts (sixth to third at Silverstone), outraced the German at Imola, Montreal, Magny-Cours and Silverstone, and scored a notable second place at Monza. At Spa, Brundle went by when Schumacher went off the track. Schumacher noticed blisters on his team-mate's tyres on his return to the circuit and came in for slicks, a move that won him the race. Had Brundle not been distracted he would have pitted as planned at the end of that lap, with victory the most likely result. 1992 was his best F1 season,[3] and is regarded in F1 as the closest any team mate came to matching Schumacher, prior to his 2010 comeback partnering Nico Rosberg.

To the shock of the F1 paddock,[6] Brundle found himself dropped from Benetton for 1993, Italian Riccardo Patrese taking his place. He came very close to a seat with world champions Williams, but in the end Damon Hill got the drive instead. Still in demand within F1, Brundle raced for Ligier in 1993. More points finishes and a fine third at Imola were achieved in a car without active suspension. With finishing 7th in the World Drivers Championship behind the two Williams drivers Alain Prost (1st) and Damon Hill (3rd), McLaren team leader Ayrton Senna (2nd), the Benetton drivers Michael Schumacher (4th) and Riccardo Patrese (5th) and the Ferrari driver Jean Alesi (6th), Brundle was the most successful driver who did not have an active suspension system in his car and Ligier were the most successful team without an active suspension.

Brundle driving for Ligier at the 1995 British Grand Prix.

For 1994 Brundle was in the frame for the vacant McLaren seat alongside Mika Häkkinen. McLaren were hopeful of re-signing Alain Prost, who had retired at the end of 1993 after winning his fourth championship title, but decided not to renege on his retirement in March, and Brundle got the drive, beating out McLaren test driver Philippe Alliot. He was confirmed less than two weeks before the season-opening 1994 Brazilian Grand Prix.[7]

Joining the team was a case of bad timing in many ways. McLaren were on a downturn and throughout 1994 were unable to win. The team's Peugeot engines were unreliable, as was to be expected from a debuting engine supplier. At Silverstone Brundle's engine appeared to explode just as the starting lights turned green. In reality the culprit was a clutch that cracked spilling its lubricants on top of the hot engine causing a spectacular fire. The engine, once cleaned, worked without problem. Nevertheless, when the car was reliable, Brundle put in strong performances that season, most notably at Monaco where he finished second to Schumacher.

Having had poor luck and with Mansell signed to McLaren for 1995, Brundle once more raced for Ligier that year, although not for the full season. To appease Mugen-Honda he had to share the second seat with Aguri Suzuki, a move denounced by many commentators and fans. He impressed however, a strong fourth at Magny-Cours and what would be his last F1 podium, at Spa, being the highlights. In 1996 he teamed up with Rubens Barrichello at Jordan and enjoyed a good season, despite a slow start and a spectacular crash at Melbourne's inaugural GP, with regular points, fourth his best result. He finished fifth in the 1996 Japanese Grand Prix, which was his last Grand Prix in Formula One.

Brundle achieved 9 podiums, and scored a total of 98 championship points, with a best championship finish of 6th in 1992. He was especially strong on street circuits and similarly slow-speed, twisty courses – Monaco, Adelaide and the Hungaroring each produced 4 points finishes for him.[5] He holds the dubious distinction of having the longest Formula One career (158 Grand Prix starts) without a race victory, a pole position or a fastest lap.

Post Formula One[edit]

Commentator[edit]

Brundle's helmet on display in the Williams team's museum.

Brundle had hoped to stay in F1 beyond 1996, but could not find a seat. He was offered a seat at Sauber in 1997 following the dropping of Nicola Larini, but decided against it. Brundle did however return to Le Mans. Drives for Nissan, Toyota and Bentley impressed, but a second victory failed to materialise. Brundle returned to Le Mans in 2012 but previous to that last raced in 2001, between which he focused on his role with the British Racing Drivers' Club (BRDC).

Having largely retired from motor racing, Brundle became a highly regarded commentator on British television network ITV, whom he joined when they began Formula One coverage in 1997, initially alongside Murray Walker, and from 2002 James Allen. Brundle joined the BBC's commentary team alongside Jonathan Legard when they won the rights to show F1 from 2009. Before the start of the 2011 season, the BBC announced that Brundle was being promoted to lead commentator and would be joined by fellow former F1 driver, David Coulthard.[8] He signed for Sky Sports' coverage at the end of 2011 following the BBC's decision to relinquish their rights to show half of the following season's races live due to budgetary constraints.[9]

Brundle in 2004

For his television work Brundle has won the RTS Television Sports Award for best Sports Pundit in 1998, 1999, 2005 and 2006. In 2005 the judges described him as:

"...an outstanding operator at the very peak of his game – with an extraordinary ability to simplify and entertain in an often complex sport. He also exhibited a fearless authority on some of the most sensitive issues – not least his gimlet-eyed pursuit of Formula one boss Bernie Ecclestone on the grid at Indianapolis".[10]

The production company responsible for ITV's F1 coverage, North One Television, also won the Sports Innovation Award for its Insight features, presented by Brundle. His pre-race grid walks are now customary and began at the 1997 British Grand Prix.[11] Discussing the return of Formula One to the BBC in 2009, The Times described Brundle "as the greatest TV analyst in this or any other sport."[12]

Before becoming a regular commentator, Brundle was also part of the 1995 BBC commentary team whenever Aguri Suzuki was driving the Ligier-Mugen Honda, such as the 1995 San Marino Grand Prix. He also commentated on Eurosport for a handful of qualifying sessions in 1995.

With Steve Rider busy covering the England versus Kazakhstan 2010 FIFA World Cup Group 6 qualification match, Brundle co-commentated and presented coverage of the 2008 Japanese Grand Prix at Fuji Speedway.

Motorsport activities[edit]

Brundle took the wheel of a Jaguar F1 car for the Formula One demonstration in London prior to the 2004 British Grand Prix and drove a BMW Sauber during a demonstration in 2006. Also in 2006, Brundle drove a 2005 Red Bull Racing car around Silverstone as part of ITV's 'F1 Insight' feature. This was followed up in 2007 with Brundle and colleague Blundell both driving Williams F1 cars to demonstrate overtaking.

In 2008 he came out of retirement to drive in the Formula Palmer Audi Championship alongside his son Alex, who was a series regular. He scored three top-eight finishes from the three races in which he took part.[13]

Brundle came out of retirement again to race for United Autosports in the 2011 Daytona 24 Hours, sharing a Ford-powered Riley with Zak Brown, Mark Patterson and former Ligier and Brabham teammate Blundell; the team finished fourth overall.[14]

In June 2011, shortly before the 2011 European Grand Prix, Brundle completed a one-off Formula One test for the series' tyre supplier Pirelli at Jerez. He completed a total of 70 laps on all of their tyre compounds, with the results and events of the day aired before the 2011 Hungarian Grand Prix.

In June 2012, Brundle made a return to competitive racing at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, teaming up with son Alex to race a Greaves Motorsport-run Zytek-Nissan LMP2. His first appearance at the French classic in over a decade, Brundle worked hard to get back into adequate physical condition - using his son's race-training exercise programme for a year in preparation. Their car finished 15th out of the 56 runners, completing 340 laps.

Other activities[edit]

Brundle has been involved in driver management. At present, he is David Coulthard's manager (as well as his former co-commentator). He co-owned a management company, 2MB Sports Management, alongside Mark Blundell until January 2009, when he announced his intention to step down in order to focus on his television responsibilities and his son's career.[15] Their clients include McLaren test driver Gary Paffett and British Formula Three champion Mike Conway.

Brundle presented a documentary on British television in 1998 called Great Escapes, which showed generally live recordings, and occasionally reconstructions, of stories where human beings managed to somehow survive in face of various dangers or perils. It ran for one series on ITV.

In 2004 he released his first book Working the Wheel. The title is a reference to his 1996 crash in Melbourne.[citation needed].

In June 2013 he released his second book The Martin Brundle Scrapbook,[16] one of a series of books by Porter Press International on iconic figures in motor sport. Co-authored with Philip Porter, The Martin Brundle Scrapbook is a biography that tells the story of his life through memorabilia, news cuttings and photographs.

On Friday 13 February 2009, Brundle presented BBC Look East's 6.30 pm bulletin, with Susie Fowler-Watt, reproducing his famous gridwalk.[17]

Criticism of Max Mosley and the FIA[edit]

Formula 1 fans criticize Max Mosley

In September 2007 he suggested that the treatment of McLaren "had the feel of a witch hunt" in his Sunday Times column.[18] As a result of these comments Brundle and the Sunday Times received a French writ from Max Mosley and the FIA for libel. In the same column on 9 December 2007 he accused the FIA of double standards and of issuing the writ at the same time as clearing Renault of spying as a warning to other journalists:

The timing of the writ is significant, in my view, given the FIA’s decision to find Renault guilty of having significant McLaren designs and information within their systems, but not administering any penalty. It is a warning sign to other journalists and publications to choose their words carefully over that decision. I’m tired of what I perceive as the "spin" and tactics of the FIA press office, as are many other journalists. I expect my accreditation pass for next year will be hindered in some way to make my coverage of F1 more difficult and to punish me. Or they will write to ITV again to say that my commentary is not up to standard despite my unprecedented six Royal Television Society Awards for sports broadcasting. So be it.[19]

Brundle also asserted his right to voice his opinion about Formula One:

As a former Formula One driver, I have earnt the right to have an opinion about the sport, and probably know as much about it as anybody else. I have attended approaching 400 grands prix, 158 as a driver. I have spilt blood, broken bones, shed tears, generated tanker loads of sweat, tasted the champagne glories and plumbed the depths of misery. I have never been more passionate about F1 and will always share my opinions in an honest and open way, knowing readers will make up their own minds.[19]

In March 2008 Brundle voiced his opinion regarding the position of Max Mosley following the News of The World's allegation that Mosley had engaged in sexual acts with five prostitutes in a scenario that involved Nazi role-playing;[20] saying "It's not appropriate behaviour for the head of any global body such as the FIA."[21] In April Brundle argued:

"The specific detail of the scandal surrounding him is largely irrelevant, in my view. The sporting regulation he has used over the years to keep teams in check relates to bringing the sport into disrepute. If you live by the sword, you die by the sword. Sitting on the fence on this issue for any of us inside the sport is not an option. We must condone or condemn the situation he finds himself in. Mosley's position as president is untenable.[22]

"Pikey" probe[edit]

In June 2008, Brundle was the subject of 14 and 22 complaints to Ofcom and ITV, respectively,[23] for his use of the term "pikeys" during ITV's coverage of the 2008 Canadian Grand Prix.[24] In a live, pre-race interview with Bernie Ecclestone, Brundle referred to repairs being made to the Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal, Quebec and quipped:

"There are some pikeys out there putting down new tarmac at Turn 10. Are they out of the way yet?"[25][26]

According to the BBC, "pikey" is a term of abuse in the UK and can be deemed a racist offense under the law, given its association with Irish travellers and Roma Gypsies, who may consider the word insulting.[27] The Oxford English Dictionary traced its use to 1837 by The Times, describing "strangers harvesting in the Isle of Sheppey". Later that century it meant a "turnpike traveller" or vagabond. Latterly, it has become a derogatory term for Irish Travellers and Gypsies.[28][29]

But not all commentators consider the term to be so politically charged, and in a column in the Daily Mail, Des Kelly defended Brundle, writing: "To consider 'pikey' a racial slur is as stupid as believing the word 'hippy' has racist connotations, or that 'hoodie' is offensive. Ban pikey, and then you might as well outlaw chav, townie, trailer trash, Hooray Henry, goth, Sloane, tinker and many more fairly innocuous labels."[30] Ofcom later cleared both Brundle and ITV, although the network did apologize publicly.[31] Brundle was not aware of the negative racial or cultural implications of the word.[32]

Helmet[edit]

Brundle's helmet was white with two red stripes and a blue stripe between the two red stripes (inspired by the British flag) from the chin to the back of the helmet. In 1996, a golden ring (with either 'Benson and Hedges' or 'Brundle' written on it) and a blue drawing resembling a B (a representation of his trademark "start the engine" gesture) were added.[citation needed]

Personal[edit]

The son of a motor car dealer, he and his brother Robin took over the family car dealership from their father. The business closed in 2003 after losing the local Toyota and Peugeot franchises.[33] Robin is also a racing driver, who today competes in historic racing events, and is managing director of Lola Cars.

Brundle is married to Liz[2] and they have a daughter, Charlie, and a son, Alex.[34] Alex has followed his father in pursuing a career in driving; he currently competes in the GP3 Series and FIA World Endurance Championship. Brundle has always lived within a 5-mile radius of King's Lynn,[2] and currently lives in Gayton, Norfolk.

Books[edit]

In July 2013, Porter Press International launched the Martin Brundle Scrapbook, compiled by Martin and author Philip Porter. The book charts Brundle's career from banger racing as a child, through touring cars, battling with Senna in F3 and his 11 years in F1, interspersed with sportscar racing with Jaguar and his World Championship in 1988. The book includes contributions from Murray Walker, Jenson Button, David Coulthard, Sir Jackie Stewart, Eddie Jordan and many others. The 256-page, 80,000 word book has more than 500 illustrations. It contains Brundle's own memorabilia and his candid comments on his career, fellow drivers, the teams and working in television. Also included are a number of his witty and incisive one-liners. ISBN 978-1-907085-12-3. It is also available in a de Luxe edition limited to 100 copies.

Racing record[edit]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Points
1984 Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Cosworth V8 BRA
DSQ
RSA
DSQ
BEL
DSQ
SMR
DSQ
FRA
DSQ
MON
DNQ
CAN
DSQ
DET
DSQ
DAL
DNQ
GBR GER AUT NED ITA EUR POR NC1 01
1985 Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Cosworth V8 BRA
8
POR
Ret
SMR
9
MON
10
CAN
12
DET
Ret
GER
10
AUT
DNQ
NC 0
Tyrrell 014 Renault V6 t/c FRA
Ret
GBR
7
NED
7
ITA
8
BEL
13
EUR
Ret
RSA
7
AUS
NC
1986 Data General Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 014 Renault V6 t/c BRA
5
ESP
Ret
SMR
8
11th 8
Tyrrell 015 MON
Ret
BEL
Ret
CAN
9
DET
Ret
FRA
10
GBR
5
GER
Ret
HUN
6
AUT
Ret
ITA
10
POR
Ret
MEX
11
AUS
4
1987 West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 861 Zakspeed Straight-4 t/c BRA
Ret
18th 2
Zakspeed 871 SMR
5
BEL
Ret
MON
7
DET
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
NC
GER
NC
HUN
Ret
AUT
DSQ
ITA
Ret
POR
Ret
ESP
11
MEX
Ret
JPN
Ret
AUS
Ret
1988 Canon Williams Team Williams FW12 Judd V8 BRA SMR MON MEX CAN DET FRA GBR GER HUN BEL
7
ITA POR ESP JPN AUS NC 0
1989 Motor Racing Developments Brabham BT58 Judd V8 BRA
Ret
SMR
Ret
MON
6
MEX
9
USA
Ret
CAN
DNPQ
FRA
DNPQ
GBR
Ret
GER
8
HUN
12
BEL
Ret
ITA
6
POR
8
ESP
Ret
JPN
5
AUS
Ret
20th 4
1991 Motor Racing Developments Ltd Brabham BT59Y Yamaha V12 USA
11
BRA
12
15th 2
Brabham BT60Y SMR
11
MON
EX
CAN
Ret
MEX
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
11
HUN
Ret
BEL
9
ITA
13
POR
12
ESP
10
JPN
5
AUS
DNQ
1992 Camel Benetton Ford Benetton B191B Ford V8 RSA
Ret
MEX
Ret
BRA
Ret
6th 38
Benetton B192 ESP
Ret
SMR
4
MON
5
CAN
Ret
FRA
3
GBR
3
GER
4
HUN
5
BEL
4
ITA
2
POR
4
JPN
3
AUS
3
1993 Ligier Gitanes Blondes Ligier JS39 Renault V10 RSA
Ret
BRA
Ret
EUR
Ret
SMR
3
ESP
Ret
MON
6
CAN
5
FRA
5
GBR
14
GER
8
HUN
5
BEL
7
ITA
Ret
POR
6
JPN
9
AUS
6
7th 13
1994 Marlboro McLaren Peugeot McLaren MP4/9 Peugeot V10 BRA
Ret
PAC
Ret
SMR
8
MON
2
ESP
11
CAN
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
HUN
4
BEL
Ret
ITA
5
POR
6
EUR
Ret
JPN
Ret
AUS
3
7th 16
1995 Ligier Gitanes Blondes Ligier JS41 Mugen Honda V10 BRA ARG SMR ESP
9
MON
Ret
CAN
10
FRA
4
GBR
Ret
GER HUN
Ret
BEL
3
ITA
Ret
POR
8
EUR
7
PAC JPN AUS
Ret
13th 7
1996 B&H Total Jordan Peugeot Jordan 196 Peugeot V10 AUS
Ret
BRA
12
11th 8
Total Jordan Peugeot ARG
Ret
EUR
6
SMR
Ret
MON
Ret
ESP
Ret
CAN
6
FRA
8
GBR
6
GER
10
HUN
Ret
BEL
Ret
ITA
4
POR
9
JPN
5

1 Tyrrell were disqualified from the entire world championship for 1984 due to a technical infringement.

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results[edit]

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
1987 United Kingdom Silk Cut Jaguar
United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Racing
Denmark John Nielsen Jaguar XJR-8LM C1 231 DNF DNF
1988 United Kingdom Silk Cut Jaguar
United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Racing
Denmark John Nielsen Jaguar XJR-9LM C1 306 DNF DNF
1990 United Kingdom Silk Cut Jaguar
United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Racing
France Alain Ferté
United Kingdom David Leslie
Jaguar XJR-12 C1 220 DNF DNF
United Kingdom Silk Cut Jaguar
United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Racing
Denmark John Nielsen
United States Price Cobb
Jaguar XJR-12 C1 359 1st 1st
1997 Japan Nissan Motorsport
United Kingdom TWR
Germany Jörg Müller
South Africa Wayne Taylor
Nissan R390 GT1 GT1 139 DNF DNF
1998 Japan Toyota Motorsports
Germany Toyota Team Europe
France Emmanuel Collard
France Eric Hélary
Toyota GT-One GT1 191 DNF DNF
1999 Japan Toyota Motorsports
Germany Toyota Team Europe
France Emmanuel Collard
Italy Vincenzo Sospiri
Toyota GT-One LMGTP 90 DNF DNF
2001 United Kingdom Team Bentley France Stéphane Ortelli
United Kingdom Guy Smith
Bentley EXP Speed 8 LMGTP 56 DNF DNF
2012 United Kingdom Greaves Motorsport Spain Lucas Ordóñez
United Kingdom Alex Brundle
Zytek Z11SN-Nissan LMP2 340 15th 8th

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sky Sports announcement". 
  2. ^ a b c d "BBC Norfolk interview (Audio Clip)". 
  3. ^ a b c "Martin Brundle BRDC Biography". 
  4. ^ a b "Martin Brundle Biography". 
  5. ^ a b c d "Drivers Martin Brundle". 
  6. ^ a b c ITV F1. "Martin Brundle". 
  7. ^ "Motorsport information for March 1994". Teamdan.com. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  8. ^ "BBC unveils F1 commentary changes". BBC. 11 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-11. 
  9. ^ "Martin Brundle confirms Sky Sports move". Daily Mail (London). 27 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  10. ^ [1][dead link]
  11. ^ "Martin Brundle’s first F1 grid walk". AUSmotive. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Smith, Giles (21 March 2008). "Fleetwood Mac make return as television rights go for a song". The Times (London: Times Newspapers). p. 103. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  13. ^ "Brundle shows pace in FPA race". Autosport. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  14. ^ Watkins, Gary (30 January 2011). "Ganassi takes Daytona one-two". Autosport. 
  15. ^ "Brundle to step back from 2MB role". Autosport. 7 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-07. 
  16. ^ "The Martin Brundle Scrapbook". Porter Press International. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  17. ^ "Brundle goes walkabout". BBC News. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  18. ^ Brundle, Martin (9 September 2007). "Witch-hunt threatens to spoil world title race". Sunday Times (London: Times Newspapers). Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  19. ^ a b Brundle, Martin (9 December 2007). "How can Formula One justify blatant double standards?". Sunday Times (London: Times Newspapers). Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  20. ^ "FIA wants to stay clear of sex scandal involving its president and newspaper". International Herald Tribune. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  21. ^ O’Connor ; Gorman, Ed, Ashling (30 March 2008). "Max Mosley faces calls to quit as Formula One chief after ‘Nazi’ orgy". The Times (London). Retrieved 2008-03-30. 
  22. ^ Brundle, Martin (6 April 2008). "Time for F1 to get a grip". The Sunday Times. 
  23. ^ "‘Pikey’ Brundle in the clear". Associated Newspapers Limited. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "TV watchdog Ofcom received 14 complaints about the remark, while ITV had 22. Ofcom accepted the broadcaster’s explanation that there was no intention for the remark to be interpreted as a derogatory reference towards travellers." 
  24. ^ "ITV commentator Martin Brundle blasted over 'pikey' comment". The Daily Record. 10 Jun 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "Broadcasting watchdog Ofcom said they had received four complaints." 
  25. ^ Geoghegan, Tom (11 June 2008). "How offensive is the word 'pikey'?". BBC. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "Formula One commentator Martin Brundle is being investigated by media watchdog Ofcom after using the term "pikeys" in a television broadcast." 
  26. ^ Gilmour, Rod (June 9, 2008). "Martin Brundle's 'pikey' gaffe sparks equality row after F1 pit interview with Ecclestone". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "A spokesman for ITV said: 'We apologise for any offence caused by this remark.'" 
  27. ^ Geoghegan, Tom (11 June 2008). "How offensive is the word 'pikey'?". BBC. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "There is no word more offensive to a traveller, says Cliff Codona, a Roma Gypsy and chairman of the National Travellers Action Group." 
  28. ^ Geoghegan, Tom (11 June 2008). "news.bbc.co.uk, How offensive is the word 'pikey'?". BBC News. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  29. ^ Aidan Mcgurran. "mirror.co.uk, Formula 1 commentator in 'pikey' Ofcom probe". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 2012-01-03. 
  30. ^ Geoghegan, Tom (11 June 2008). "How offensive is the word 'pikey'?". BBC. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  31. ^ Borland, Sophie (9 June 2008). "Formula 1 TV commentator's 'pikey' quip provokes race equality row". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "A spokesman for ITV said: 'We apologise for any offence caused by this remark.'" 
  32. ^ "ITV cleared over 'pikey' comment". BBC News. 12 August 2008. 
  33. ^ "Racing driver's showroom closes". BBC News. 2 July 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  34. ^ "Relative Values: Martin Brundle and his son Alex". The Times (London). 10 June 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Raul Boesel
World Sportscar Champion
1988
Succeeded by
Jean-Louis Schlesser
Preceded by
Jochen Mass
Manuel Reuter
Stanley Dickens
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1990 with:
John Nielsen
Price Cobb
Succeeded by
Volker Weidler
Johnny Herbert
Bertrand Gachot
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Tommy Byrne
Autosport
National Racing Driver of the Year

1983
Succeeded by
Johnny Dumfries
Preceded by
Jonathan Palmer
Autosport
British Competition Driver of the Year

1988
Succeeded by
Nigel Mansell
Preceded by
Nigel Mansell
Autosport
British Competition Driver of the Year

1990
Succeeded by
Nigel Mansell
Preceded by
None
RTS Television Sport Awards
Best Sports Pundit

1998–1999
Succeeded by
Alan Hansen
Preceded by
John Francome
RTS Television Sport Awards
Best Sports Pundit

2005–2006
Succeeded by
Incumbent