Martin County, Minnesota

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Martin County, Minnesota
CourthouseMartinCountyMinnesota2007May.JPG
Map of Minnesota highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded May 23, 1857[1]
Named for Henry Martin[disambiguation needed] or Morgan Lewis Martin
Seat Fairmont
Largest city Fairmont
Area
 • Total 729.56 sq mi (1,890 km2)
 • Land 709.34 sq mi (1,837 km2)
 • Water 20.21 sq mi (52 km2), 2.77%
Population
 • (2010) 20,840
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.martin.mn.us

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,840.[2] Its county seat is Fairmont.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 729.56 square miles (1,889.6 km2), of which 709.34 square miles (1,837.2 km2) (or 97.23%) is land and 20.21 square miles (52.3 km2) (or 2.77%) is water.[4]

Lakes[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 151
1870 3,867 2,460.9%
1880 5,249 35.7%
1890 9,408 79.2%
1900 16,936 80.0%
1910 17,518 3.4%
1920 21,085 20.4%
1930 22,401 6.2%
1940 24,656 10.1%
1950 25,655 4.1%
1960 26,986 5.2%
1970 24,316 −9.9%
1980 24,687 1.5%
1990 22,914 −7.2%
2000 21,802 −4.9%
2010 20,840 −4.4%
Est. 2012 20,475 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

As of the census of 2000,[6] there were 21,802 people, 9,067 households, and 6,047 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 9,800 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.22% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 51.6% were of German, 11.9% Norwegian, 5.9% Swedish and 5.0% English ancestry.

There were 9,067 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.30% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 19.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,810, and the median income for a family was $44,541. Males had a median income of $30,467 versus $21,780 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,529. About 7.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Cities Townships Ghost town

† Ormsby is in both Watonwan and Martin counties

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • William H. Budd, History of Martin County: A True and Complete History of the County from its Earliest Settlement Down to 1880. Fairmont, MN: The Independent, 1897.
  • Roscoe C. Hunt, "Pioneer Physicians of Martin County Prior to 1900," Minnesota Medicine, vol. 25, no. 10 (Oct. 1942) and vol. 25, no. 11 (Nov. 1942).
  • Ray F. Kesler, Service Record Book of Men and Women of World War II, Martin County. Fairmont, MN: n.p., n.d. [1950s].
  • Martin County Historical Society, Martin County, 1857-1932: Diamond Jubilee Celebration and Homecoming, Fairmont, Minnesota, June 26 to July 4, 1932. Fairmont, MN: Martin County Historical Society, 1932.
  • Martin County Home Council, Martin County's Heritage. Fairmont, MN.: Martin County Extension Home Council, 1972-1976.
  • Allen L Moore, Historical Narrative of Martin County, Before 1850. Fairmont, MN: Martin County Historical Society, 1932.
  • Arthur M. Nelson, Know Your Own County: A History of Martin County, Minnesota. Fairmont, MN: Martin County Historical Society, 1947.
  • Arthur M. Nelson, Martin County Men in the Great War, 1917-1919. Fairmont, MN: Sentinel Publishing Co., 1920.
  • Sentinel, A Pictorial History of Martin County, MN. Marceline, MO: Heritage House, 1992.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°41′N 94°34′W / 43.68°N 94.56°W / 43.68; -94.56