Martin Cregier

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Captain
Marten Cregier
Burgomaster of New Amsterdam[1]
In office
1653–1655
In office
1659–1660
In office
1663–1664
Alternate Burgomaster
In office
1660–1661
Personal details
Born 1617
Died after 1681
Nationality German
Spouse(s) Lysbeth Jans
Occupation Tavern keeper, Fur trader, Military officer

Captain Marten Kregier or Cregier (1617–after 1681) most likely originated from Borcken in Germany and was an early settler of New Amsterdam. He was a prominent citizen of the settlement[2] and served three terms as Burgomaster.[1] Kregier led several successful attacks against the Munsee[3] during the Esopus Wars. Kregier's house and lot stood on Broadway just north of Battery Park and his daughter married Christoffel Hooglant.[4]

In 1643 Kregier built the first public building on Broadway in New York City,[5] a tavern located at present-day 9-11 Broadway. It was later known as Atlantic Gardens and survived until 1860.[6] New York merchants met in the same building in 1765 and signed resolutions to import no more goods from England until the Stamp Act was repealed.[7]

In 1648, Kregier was one of four men appointed as the city's first fire wardens.[8]

Kregier finally settled in Niskayuna, New York on the banks of the Mohawk. His year of death is unknown. Some literature lists 1712 or 1713, but that is likely to be his son, Marten Kregier junior.

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chester, Alden; Williams, Edwin Melvin (2005). Courts and Lawyers of New York: A History, 1609-1925. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. p. 259. ISBN 1-58477-424-X. 
  2. ^ New York Historical Society. Collections of the New York Historical Society for the Year 1893. New York. p. 424. ISSN 1050-608X. OCLC 1605190. 
  3. ^ Otto, Paul (2006). The Dutch-Munsee Encounter in America: The Struggle for Sovereignty in the Hudson Valley. Berghahn Books. p. 152. ISBN 1-57181-672-0. 
  4. ^ Van der Zee, Henri; Van der Zee, Barbara (1978). A Sweet and Alien Land: The Story of Dutch New York. Viking Press. p. 23. ISBN 0-670-68628-X. 
  5. ^ "First Deals In Golden Earth". Retrieved 2008-02-22. 
  6. ^ Lathrop, Elise (2007). Early American Inns and Taverns. Read Books. p. 26. ISBN 1-4067-6396-9. 
  7. ^ "New York in Other Days: When Battery Park Was the Fashionable Residence Quarter", New York Times, February 16, 1896. [1]. Retrieved 2008-02-21.
  8. ^ Costello, A.E. (2003). Birth of the Bravest: A History of the New York Fire Department from 1609 to 1887. Macmillan. p. 19. ISBN 0-7653-0603-4. 
  9. ^ O'Callaghan, E B (1865). Calendar of Historical Manuscripts in the office of the Secretary of State, Albany, NY. Albany, New York: Weed, Parsons and Company. p. 305. OCLC 3783293.