Droeshout would have been beginning his career as an engraver when he was commissioned to create the portrait of Shakespeare. It has been suggested that his uncle, also called Martin Droeshout (1560s – c.1642), may have been the artist, and that the two were later mixed up. Mary Edmund argues in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography that the elder artist created the work. More recent research by June Schlueter reaffirms the traditional attribution to the younger Droeshout.
Some time between 1632 (his last known signed and dated English print) and 1635 (his first known signed and dated Spanish print), Martin Droeshout moved to Madrid and anglicised his name to "Droeswood" ("hout" being Dutch for "wood").
^June Schlueter, "Martin Droeshout Redivivus: Reassessing the Folio Engraving of Shakespeare", Shakespeare Survey 60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, p. 242.
^, Godfrey, Richard T., Printmaking in Britain : a general history from its beginnings to the present day, New York: New York University Press, 1978.
^Christian Schuckman, "The Engraver of the First Folio Portrait of William Shakespeare", Print Quarterly, VIII: 1 (1991), pp. 40-43 and June Schlueter, "Martin Droeshout Redivivus: Reassessing the Folio Engraving of Shakespeare", Shakespeare Survey 60. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 237-251.