Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders
The Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders, called also "the Nobel Prize for human rights"[by whom?], was created in 1993 to honour and protect individuals around the world who demonstrate exceptional courage in defending and promoting human rights. Its principal aim is to provide special protection ("protective publicity") to human rights defenders who are at risk by focusing international media attention on their plight, mainly through internet, particularly in their country of origin.
The award carries a cash prize of 20,000 Swiss francs to be used by the award winners to support their work in the field of human rights.
The annual ceremony takes place in Geneva in October in association with the City of Geneva.
An international jury, composed of representatives of ten human rights organizations, selects the award winner each year. Members of the Jury include Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, International Federation of Human Rights, World Organisation Against Torture, Front Line Defenders, International Commission of Jurists, Human Rights First, International Service for Human Rights, Diakonie Germany, and Huridocs.
- 1994: Harry Wu (China)
- 1995: Asma Jahangir (Pakistan)
- 1996: Clement Nwankwo (Nigeria)
- 1997: Bishop Samuel Ruiz García (Mexico)
- 1998: Dr. Eyad El Sarraj (Palestina)
- 1999: Natasha Kandic (Yugoslavia)
- 2000: Immaculée Birhaheka (DR Congo)
- 2001: Peace Brigades International (Colombia)
- 2002: Jacqueline Moudeina (Chad)
- 2003: Alirio Uribe Muñoz (Colombia)
- 2004: Lidia Yusupova (Russia)
- 2005: Aktham Naisse (Syria)
- 2006: Akbar Ganji (Iran) and Arnold Tsunga (Zimbabwe)
- 2007: Rajan Hoole (Sri Lanka), Kopalasingham Sritharan (Sri Lanka) and Pierre Claver Mbonimpa (Burundi)
- 2008: Mutabar Tadjibaeva (Uzbekistan)
- 2009: Emad Baghi (Iran)
- 2010: Muhannad Al-Hassani (Syria)
- 2011: Kasha Jacqueline Nabagesera (Uganda)
- 2012: Luon Sorvath (Cambodia)
- 2013: Joint Mobile Group (Russia)
- 2014: Alejandra Ancheita (Mexico)
The Secretariat of the Martin Ennals Award is based in Geneva, for images and documentation see:
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