Martin Luther's Birth House

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg
Luther's birthplace
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Luther Memorialgebäude.jpg
Type Cultural
Criteria iv, vi
Reference 783
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 1996 (20th Session)

Martin Luther's Birth House (German: Martin Luthers Geburtshaus) is a museum in Eisleben, Germany. Unfortunately the actual house in which Luther was born no longer exists, it having been burnt completely to the ground in 1689.

The German religious reformer Martin Luther was born there in 1483.[1] Opened to the public in 1693, it is a World Heritage Site. In 2005-2007 an expansion was added for visitors (project: Springer Architekten, Berlin); the ensemble has since received five architectural awards.[2]

In 1525, he married Katharina von Bora, a former nun who had abandoned the convent and taken refuge in Wittenberg. Together, over the next several years, they had six children.

CONTENTS

Synopsis Early Life Spiritual Anguish and Enlightenment Rejection of the Roman Catholic Church Excommunication Later Years Legacy Later Years

From 1533 to his death in 1546, Martin Luther served as the dean of theology at University of Wittenberg. During this time he suffered from many illnesses, including arthritis, heart problems and digestive disorders, and the physical pain and emotional strain of being a fugitive might have been reflected in his writings. Some works contained strident and offensive language against several segments of society, particularly Jews and Muslims. During a trip to his hometown of Eisleben, he died on February 18, 1546, at age 62.

Legacy

Martin Luther is one of the most influential and controversial figures in the Reformation movement. His actions fractured the Roman Catholic Church into new sects of Christianity and set in motion reform within the Church. A prominent theologian, his desire for people to feel closer to God led him to translate the Bible into the language of the people, radically changing the relationship between church leaders and their followers.

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′37″N 11°33′00″E / 51.52694°N 11.55007°E / 51.52694; 11.55007