Martin Luther Agwai

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Martin Luther Agwai
GEN (R) Martin L. Agwai - Panel Discussion - African Land Forces Summit - May 2010.jpg
General Martin Luther Agwai.
Born (1948-11-08) November 8, 1948 (age 65)
Kaduna, NigeriaNigeria
Allegiance Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria
Service/branch Nigerian Army
Years of service 1972 - 2009
Rank General
Commands held Chief of Armed Staff, Federal Republic of Nigeria
Chief of Defence Staff, Federal Republic of Nigeria
United Nations Advisor
Deputy Force Commander of the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone
Force Commander of the African Union - United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
Awards Force Service Star
Meritorious Service Star
Distinguished Service Star
Fellow of the War College
Commander of the Federal Republic
Other work Chairman, Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria DICON

General Martin Luther Agwai CFR GSS psc(+) fwc is a retired Nigerian soldier.

Early life and education[edit]

Agwai was born on November 8, 1948 in Kaduna, a city in Northern Nigeria. He hails from a Christian home and was the President of Fellowship of Christian Students at Government Secondary School, Zaria in 1967. He graduated from the Nigerian Command and Staff College, British Army Staff College, Camberley and United States Army Armor School amongst others. He holds a Post Graduate diploma in Public Administration with distinctions from the Administrative Staff College of Nigeria (ASCON) and National Defence University, Washington DC, where he obtained a Master of Science in National Resource Strategy. While at NDU, he won the Ambassadors Award for excellence in research and writing, making him the first foreigner to win the award.

Career[edit]

He was commissioned into the Nigerian Armed Forces in 1972 and has held several positions including Chief of Training and Operations of the Nigerian Armed Forces and Director of Military Training at the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. He was the Nigerian Military Adviser at Harare, covering the whole of Southern Africa between 1993 - 1996. He was a Directing Staff and Chief Instructor at the Command and Staff College Jaji - Kaduna, Nigeria. Before becoming the Chief of Army Staff he was the Deputy Military Adviser at United Nations Headquarters, New York. He was the Chief of Defence Staff of the Nigerian Armed Forces since 1 June 2006. Before that, he held several senior positions in the Nigerian Army, including being Chief of Army Staff. He served as the commander of the combined United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur. General Agwai led one of the biggest peacekeeping operations in the world with approximately 20,000 troops and 6,000 police under his command.

In a statement made available on BBC, he was quoted to have said that: "We are not here to conquer anybody, We are not here to compel any peace. We are here to work with the Sudanese people - both the government and the parties to assist them to find peace. We are not here to impose peace. We are not here to fight anybody."

Retirement[edit]

General Martin Luther Agwai retired from the Nigerian Armed Forces in December 2009. The Minister of Defence, Retired Maj-Gen Abbe said "the magnificent parade accorded Agwai is an indication that the nation is happy... the country is proud to produce a fine officer and a gentleman who gave a good account of himself. I am expressing the Commander-in-Chief’s pleasure, President Umaru Yar'Adua for the service he had rendered to his country and beyond and that is what an officer should be".

In a stunning development, Martin Luther Agwai, a UNAMID force commander based in Darfur, Sudan, was asked to step down from his prestigious position at the United Nations, two days after the Texas Republic News posted a story about his wife, Ruth Agwai, on June 15, 2009, according to sources knowledgeable on behind-the-scenes activities of the UN. His wife works as an unlicensed nurse for Medical Services at an occupational health clinic inside the UN headquarters building in New York City.

The Texas Republic News revealed that Mrs. Agwai lived in a multi-million dollar town home in Manhattan, "never legally obtained a registered nursing license in her country of origin," received financial payments from ECOSOC, an agency which distributes financial and material aid to Third World nations, and billed an excessive expense account to the UN to pay for first class travel accommodations when she attended a 'World's AIDS Day' conference in Lagos, Nigeria on November 27, 2007. Recently, the Dallas Blog posted an article, which links Ruth Agwai to Planned Parenthood in Nigeria as revealed by internal UN documents. Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria partly funded a summit that she attended in Nigeria.

The Inner City Press posted an article on June 19, 2009, stating: "the departure of Martin Luther Agwai as UNAMID force commander in Darfur would take place as questions have been raised about the UN's employment of his wife Ruth Agwai in the UN Medical Service, and her moonlighting for an NGO for the wives of Nigerian generals." http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,518345,00.html

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Military offices
Preceded by
Chief of the Defence Staff
2007 – 2008
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by
Lt Gen AO Ogomudia
Chief of the Army Staff
2003 – 2006
Succeeded by
Lt Gen OA Azazi