Martin Luther King, Jr. Educational Campus
The Martin Luther King, Jr. Educational Campus is a five-story public school facility at 122 Amsterdam Avenue between West 65th and 66th Streets in the Lincoln Square neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, near Lincoln Center. The campus is faced on Amsterdam Avenue by a wide elevated plaza which features a self-weathering steel memorial sculpture by William Tarr. The same steel, called Mayari R, was used by architect Frost Associates in the curtain wall of the building, the interior of which has an arrangement of perimeter corridors with floor-to-ceiling windows, leaving many classrooms on the inner side windowless. The school is across West 65th Street from Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School of Music & Art and Performing Arts.
The building was formerly the location of Martin Luther King, Jr. High School, which opened in 1975. According to The New York Times, the school had been troubled throughout its history, gaining a bad reputation for its construction delay, planned curriculum restructurings, low student enrollment, and abysmal academic performance:
Construction of the school took longer than anticipated, so the first students were temporarily housed on a floor of a junior high school in Chelsea that had a bad reputation. By the time the building finally opened… a number of middle-class parents had pulled their children out in disgust. Less than three years after the school opened, the Board of Education attempted to restructure it into a performing arts school with selective admissions. But the plan was scrapped when parents accused the board of trying to drive poor minority students out of the building and insulting the memory of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Tensions mounted again in the early 1980's [sic], when the board proposed merging King, which was underenrolled, and Brandeis, on West 84th Street, and creating a vocational curriculum. But again, parents revolted and the plan fell through. As the city created smaller, specialized high schools and magnet programs in the 1990's [sic], King often drew students who were not motivated enough to apply to those. It remained an academic disappointment.…
Since the late 1980's [sic], the school has had a number of institutes that students must apply to: one in law and social justice, for example, and another in cultural arts. The hope was to attract more eager students, but educators familiar with King say that since it is still one big school, too many students fall through the cracks and too many, scared off by its size and reputation, enroll elsewhere.
It has a history of violence, including the shooting of two tenth grade students inside the school on January 15, 2002, the birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. Other violence had occurred in the school:
In 1997, six students were charged with sexually assaulting a 13-year-old girl in a boys' bathroom. In 1992, a group of young men attacked two students with a pipe and a machete outside the building. And in 1990, a 15-year-old student was shot in the stomach by another student inside the school.…[In 2002, there were] 10 reported cases of weapons possession at the school, twice as many as during the same period last year, according to police statistics.
The closing of the school was included by Chancellor Joel Klein and Mayor Michael Bloomberg in the education reform policy. The school was closed on June 27, 2005 by the New York City Department of Education.
The high school has been replaced by seven separate high schools which operate on different floors of the building. Students wear uniforms to distinguish them from the other schools and have separate lunch and dismissal times. The schools, listed by the date of their entry into the campus, are:
- 2002 - High School for Law, Advocacy, and Community Justice: The school is commonly known as MLK Law, due to its cumbersome official name. The High School for Law, Advocacy, and Community Justice graduated its first class in June 2006, consisting of approximately 60 students. In 2008, the school partnered with M.O.V.E. Inc. to implement a mentorship program.
- 2002 - High School of the Arts and Technology: The High School of Arts and Technology uses the third floor of the building. Since opening the principal is Ms. Geiger. The students of Arts and Technology are required to wear a black uniform shirt with an Arts and Tech logo. The school has a competition every day before they have a 3 or more day vacation called "Battle of the Classes".
- 2003 - Manhattan/Hunter College High School for Sciences: Students spend their first three years in classes in the MLK complex. Seniors spend their entire fourth year of high school on the Hunter College campus on the Upper East Side, taking a mix of high school and college-level courses. While many New York City high schools offer students the chance to take college courses, what makes Manhattan Hunter different is the level of support the students receive. Their high school English and social studies teachers travel with them to the college and offer regular classes there. While the students take college courses in math and science, the high school English and social studies teachers offer hand-holding and advice for all the subjects. The college courses in math and science tend to be large lecture classes, with as many as 600 students. A collaboration between Hunter College and the New York City Department of Education, Manhattan/Hunter High School for Science makes an unusual effort to ensure that students are prepared not only for college-level academics, but also for the freedom and responsibility of college life. The new school is designed to address the fact that more than one-third of college students nationally drop out before completing their freshman year.
- 2005 - High School for Arts, Imagination And Inquiry
- 2006 - Urban Assembly School For Media Studies
- 2006 - Manhattan Theatre Lab High School (founded 2004, move into complex 2006)
- 2013 - Special Music School High School 
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5., p.323
- "Latest Shootings Add to King High School's Reputation for Turbulence", New York Times, Jan. 17, 2002
- "The Metal Detector: Tales From School", New York Times, Sept. 29, 1996
- "Principal Tries to Bolster Image of School Bearing King's Name", New York Times, Jan. 20, 1986
- "Stockholders of a Can Company Take Meeting to 'Partner' School", New York Times, May 23, 1984
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin Luther King, Jr. Educational Campus.|
- H.S. 490 Martin Luther King Jr. High School at InsideSchools.org
- High School for Law, Advocacy, and Community Justice
- High School of Arts and Technology
- Special Music School High School