|61st Governor of Maryland|
January 17, 2007
|Preceded by||Bob Ehrlich|
|47th Mayor of Baltimore|
December 7, 1999 – January 17, 2007
|Preceded by||Kurt Schmoke|
|Succeeded by||Sheila Dixon|
|Baltimore City Councilor
from the 3rd District
|Born||Martin Joseph O'Malley
January 18, 1963
|Spouse(s)||Katie Curran (m. 1990)|
|Alma mater||The Catholic University of America (B.A.)
University of Maryland (J.D.)
Martin Joseph O'Malley (born January 18, 1963) is an American politician and the 61st and current Governor of Maryland. First elected in 2006, he defeated incumbent Governor Robert Ehrlich, and again in a 2010 rematch. Prior to being elected as Governor, he served as the Mayor of Baltimore from 1999 to 2007, having previously served as a Baltimore City Councilor from 1991 to 1999. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the Chair of the Democratic Governors Association from 2011 to 2013.
As Mayor, he focused his attention on public safety, and by implementing crime response reform, violent crimes in Baltimore were reduced by nearly 40%. As Governor, in 2011 he signed a law that would make certain undocumented immigrants eligible for in-state college tuition on condition; and in 2012, he signed a law to legalize same-sex marriage in Maryland. Each law was challenged to a voter referendum in the 2012 general election and upheld by a majority of the voting public.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early political career
- 3 Mayor of Baltimore
- 4 Governor of Maryland
- 5 Future political ambitions
- 6 Personal life
- 7 In other media
- 8 Electoral history
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
O'Malley was born on January 18, 1963 in Washington, D.C., the child of Barbara (née Suelzer) and Thomas Martin O'Malley. Thomas O'Malley served as a bombardier in the U.S. Army Air Force in the Pacific theater during the Second World War, and said he witnessed the mushroom cloud rise over Hiroshima while on a routine mission. Thomas later became a Montgomery County-based criminal defense lawyer, and an assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. O'Malley is of Irish, German, and Dutch descent.
O'Malley attended the Our Lady of Lourdes School in Bethesda and Gonzaga College High School. He went on to The Catholic University of America, graduating in 1985. Later that year he enrolled at the University of Maryland School of Law in Baltimore, earning his Juris Doctor in 1988 and passing the bar that same year.
Early political career
In December 1982, while still in college, O'Malley joined the Gary Hart presidential campaign for the 1984 election. In late 1983, he volunteered to go to Iowa where he phone-banked, organized volunteers, and played guitar and sang at small fundraisers and other events. In 1986, while in law school, O'Malley was named by Congresswoman Barbara Mikulski as her state field director for her successful primary and general election campaigns for the U.S. Senate. Later he served as a legislative fellow in Senator Mikulski's office from 1987–1988. In 1988, O’Malley was hired as an assistant State's Attorney for the City of Baltimore, holding that position until 1990.
In 1990, O'Malley ran for the Maryland State Senate in Maryland's 43rd Senate District. He challenged one term incumbent John A. Pica in the Democratic primary and lost by just 44 votes. In 1991, he was elected to the Baltimore City Council to represent the 3rd District and served from 1991 to 1999. As Councilman, he served as Chairman of the Legislative Investigations Committee and Chairman of the Taxation and Finance Committee.
Mayor of Baltimore
O'Malley announced his decision to run for Mayor of Baltimore in 1999, after incumbent Kurt L. Schmoke decided not to seek re-election. O'Malley's entrance into the race was greatly unexpected, and he faced initial difficulties, being the only caucasian candidate for Mayor of a city which is predominantly African-American. O'Malley's strongest opponents in the crowded Democratic primary of seven were former City Councilman Carl Stokes, Baltimore Register of Wills Mary Conaway, and Council President Lawrence Bell. In his campaign, O'Malley focused on reducing crime, and received the endorsement of several key African-American lawmakers and church leaders, as well as former Mayor of Baltimore and Maryland Governor, William Donald Schaefer. On September 14, O'Malley won the Democratic primary with 53%. O'Malley went on to win the general election with 90% of the vote, defeating Republican nominee David Tufaro.
In 2003, O'Malley ran for re-election. He was challenged in the Democratic primary by four candidates, but defeated them with 67% of the vote. In the general election, he won re-election with 87% of the vote.
During his first mayoral campaign, O’Malley focused on a message of reducing crime. In his first year in office, O'Malley adopted a statistics-based tracking system called CitiStat, modeled after Compstat, a crime management program first employed in the mid-1990s in New York City. The system logged every call for service into a database for analysis. The Washington Post wrote in 2006 that Baltimore's "homicide rate remains stubbornly high and its public school test scores disappointingly low. But CitiStat has saved an estimated $350 million and helped generate the city's first budget surplus in years." In 2004, CitiStat accountability tool won Harvard University's "Innovations in American Government" award. The system garnered interest from Washington, D.C. Mayor Adrian Fenty as well as crime officials from Britain.
In 2004, O'Malley spoke at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, arguing that 2004 Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry was a better choice on homeland security than President George W. Bush.
While running for governor in 2006, O'Malley said violent crime in Baltimore declined 37% while he was mayor. That statistic came from an audit of crime that used questionable methodology and became the subject of controversy; O'Malley was accused by both his Democratic primary opponent Doug Duncan and his Republican opponent Gov. Bob Ehrlich of manipulating statistics to make false claims. The Washington Post wrote at the time that "no evidence has surfaced of a systemic manipulation of crime statistics," but that "there is no quick or definitive way for O'Malley to prove his numbers are right."
- Land developer controversy
Major land developer Edward St. John was fined $55,000 by the Maryland Office of the State Prosecutor for making illegal contributions to the O'Malley campaign. The Washington Times reported later that the Governor's administration had issued a press release touting a new $28 million highway interchange leading from Interstate 795 to one of St. John's properties. Governor O'Malley's spokesman said there was no "quid pro quo" and a spokesman for the County Executive said the project had been a county transportation priority since before both O'Malley and the executive were elected.
- "MD4Bush" incident
In early 2005, Maryland Governor Robert Ehrlich fired aide Joseph Steffen for spreading rumors of marital infidelity about O'Malley on the Internet. O'Malley and his wife had previously held a highly publicized press conference to deny the rumors and accuse Republicans of partisan politics. The discussions in which Steffen posted the rumors were initiated by an anonymous user going by the name "MD4Bush", later revealed to be Maryland Democratic Party official Ryan O'Doherty.
- 9/11 — budget comparison
During a conference at the National Press Club, where Mayors from across the US gathered to denounce President George W. Bush's proposed budget, O'Malley compared the budget to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. In his speech, O'Malley said: "Back on September 11, terrorists attacked our metropolitan cores, two of America's great cities. They did that because they knew that was where they could do the most damage and weaken us the most, years later, we are given a budget proposal by our commander in chief... And with a budget ax, he is attacking America's cities. He is attacking our metropolitan core." O'Malley was criticized by Republicans and fellow Democrats for his statement, but in an interview later said he "in no way intended to equate these budget cuts, however bad, to a terrorist attack."
In 2002, at the age of 39, Esquire magazine named O’Malley "The Best Young Mayor in the Country," and in 2005, TIME magazine named him one of America's "Top 5 Big City Mayors". In August 2005, Business Week Magazine Online named O'Malley as one of five "new stars" in the Democratic Party, along with future US President Barack Obama, future US Senator Mark Warner, future US Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, and future Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel. Business Week said that O'Malley "has become the Party's go-to guy on protecting the homeland. The telegenic Mayor has developed a detailed plan for rail and port safety and has been an outspoken critic of White House security priorities."
Governor of Maryland
O'Malley considered a run for governor in 2002, but decided not to run; in October 2005, after much speculation, O'Malley officially announced he would run in 2006. He had one primary opponent, Montgomery County Executive Doug Duncan. In June 2006, Duncan abruptly dropped out a few days after being diagnosed with clinical depression, and endorsed O'Malley. O'Malley was thus nominated by the Democratic Party, unopposed on the primary ballot, to challenge incumbent Bob Ehrlich in the November 2006 election. O'Malley selected Delegate Anthony G. Brown as his running mate.
The Baltimore Sun endorsed O'Malley, saying: "When he was first elected mayor in 1999, the former two-term city councilman inherited a city of rising crime, failing schools, and shrinking economic prospects. He was able to reverse course in all of these areas." The Washington Post criticized O'Malley for "not solv[ing] the problems of rampant crime and rough schools in Baltimore, but he put a dent in them," and also criticized him for being too focused on Baltimore, offering "little of substance" on Washington-area issues. The Times tied O'Malley to the swing of the Maryland General Assembly to the far left. O'Malley led by margins of several points in most polls during the campaign, but polls tightened significantly in the last week of the campaign. O'Malley ultimately defeated Ehrlich 53%-46% in the November 7, 2006 general election.
In 2010, O'Malley announced his intention to run for re-election, while Ehrlich announced he would also run, setting up a rematch of 2006. Despite major losses for Democrats nationwide, O'Malley defeated Ehrlich 56%-42%, receiving just over one million votes. Due to term limits, O'Malley is unable to run for re-election in 2014.
Governor O'Malley called a special session of the General Assembly November 2007 to close a projected budget deficit of $1.7 billion for 2008-2009. In response, O'Malley and other lawmakers passed a tax plan would raise total state tax collections by 14%. In April 2009, O'Malley signed a traffic speed camera enforcement law, a bill which he supported and fought for in order to help raise revenue to try to balance the deficit facing Maryland. Through strong lobbying by O'Malley, the bill was revived after first having been defeated. After a second vote, the measure passed.
- Democratic Party
Since taking office O'Malley has adapted the CitiStat program he devised for Baltimore and applied it to the state of Maryland. This new program is called StateStat. O'Malley has said that President Obama has looked at StateStat as a potential model for tracking stimulus funding.
In a debate during the 2010 campaign, O'Malley referred to undocumented immigrants as "new Americans", as he endorsed tougher enforcement against illegal immigration by the federal government. In May 2011, O'Malley signed a law that would make the children of undocumented immigrants eligible for in-state college tuition under certain conditions. The law provides that undocumented immigrants can be eligible for in-state tuition if students have attended a high school in Maryland for three years and if they or their parents have paid state income taxes during that time. In response, Delegate Neil Parrott created an online petition to suspend the law pending a referendum vote that would be held during the 2012 general election. On November 6, 2012, a majority of state voters passed referendum Question 4 by 58%.
- Same-sex marriage
|Wikinews has related news: Voters in Maine and Maryland vote for marriage equality|
O'Malley voiced his support for a bill considered by the General Assembly to legalize same-sex marriage in Maryland. O'Malley, a Catholic, was urged by the Archbishop of Baltimore Edwin O'Brien not to support the bill in a private letter sent two days before O'Malley voiced his support. "I am well aware that the recent events in New York have intensified pressure on you to lend your active support to legislation to redefine marriage," O’Brien wrote. "As advocates for the truths we are compelled to uphold, we speak with equal intensity and urgency in opposition to your promoting a goal that so deeply conflicts with your faith, not to mention the best interests of our society." O'Malley responded, "I do not presume, nor would I ever presume as Governor, to question or infringe upon your freedom to define, to preach about, and to administer the sacraments of the Roman Catholic Church. But on the public issue of granting equal civil marital rights to same-sex couples, you and I disagree."
The Maryland House of Delegates approved the bill by a 72–67 vote on February 17, and the Maryland Senate approved the bill by a vote of 25–22 on February 23. The bill was amended to take effect on January 1, 2013, allowing for a voter referendum. O'Malley signed the bill on March 1, 2012. After signature, referendum petitioners gathered the support required to challenge the law. Referendum Question 6 was passed by 52.4% of the state's voters on November 6, 2012.
- Capital punishment
O'Malley, a long-time opponent of capital punishment, signed a bill on May 2, 2013 that repealed the death penalty in Maryland for all future offenders. The repeal does not affect the five inmates currently on death row in Maryland and O'Malley has said that he will consider commuting their sentences to life imprisonment with no possibility of parole on a case-by-case basis.
Future political ambitions
After standing in for 2008 Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton at a Democratic campaign event on June 2, 2007 in New Hampshire, Delegate Tony O'Donnell said in response, "It's the worst-kept secret in Maryland that the governor has national ambitions." State Senator Thomas V. Miller, Jr. said O'Malley's political future "comes into play in everything he does", adding O'Malley is "very much like Bill Clinton in being slow and deliberative and calculating in everything he does."
Speculation about O'Malley's plans was further fueled by his high profile at the 2012 Democratic National Convention, where he received a primetime speaking slot on the second night of the convention and spoke to delegations from several states, including Iowa, where the first presidential caucuses are held in election years, and Ohio, a key swing state in recent presidential elections. O'Malley's prominence at the convention generated both support, and criticism of his record. U.S. Senator Ben Cardin and Howard County Executive Ken Ulman praised his speech, with Ulman saying, "To borrow a catchphrase from his address, his career is moving forward, not back."
O'Malley has publicly expressed interest in a presidential run in 2016 on multiple occasions. At a press conference in Milwaukee, Wisconsin at a National Governors Association meeting, O'Malley stated he was laying "the framework" for a presidential run.
O'Malley met his wife Catherine "Katie" Curran in 1986 while they were both in law school, and he was working on Barbara Mikulski's U.S. Senate campaign and she was working on her father, J. Joseph Curran, Jr.'s campaign for Attorney General of Maryland. Citing his age and his long career, Curran decided not to seek reelection in 2006, preventing any conflict of interest that might arise in having O'Malley as governor and his father-in-law as attorney general.
In other media
O'Malley appeared in the film Ladder 49 as himself. The History Channel's documentary First Invasion: The War of 1812 featured O'Malley in a segment regarding the British attack on Baltimore in 1814.
O'Malley is a musician and was active in several bands and as a solo act in the Washington and Baltimore areas starting in the early 1980s. He is the vocalist/guitarist/songwriter of Celtic rock band "O'Malley's March" since 1988.
- "Martin J. O'Malley, Governor of Maryland". Msa.maryland.gov. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "MD Dream Act FAQs - Maryland State Education Association (MSEA)". Marylandeducators.org. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "Thomas O'Malley; Rockville Lawyer". The Washington Post. January 6, 2006. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- Olesker, Michael. "Journeys to the Heart of Baltimore". Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- "O'Malley's March". Washington Post. March 17, 2000. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- Silverman, David J. (October 31, 2006). "For O'Malley, Jesuit Tradition of 'Man for Others' Guides Political Values". Capital News Service. Southern Maryland Online. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
- "Martin J. O'Malley". www.msa.md.gov. Maryland State Archives. Retrieved November 7, 2009.
- "The Original Shannon Tide". O'Malley's March. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
- "MD State Senate 43 - D Primary". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 3, 2012.
- "State Senator District 43 Democratic Candidates". 1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results. Maryland State Board of Elections. June 14, 2001. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
- "Biography of Governor Martin O'Malley". Office of Governor Martin O'Malley. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Gerard Shields (June 22, 1999). "O'Malley to make run for mayor". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Molly Rath (August 11, 1999). "Seeking the City's Top Job Becomes a Study in Black and White". City Paper. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Fifteen candidates compete in Baltimores mayoral primary". CNN. August 11, 1999. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- White, Tony. "Mayor's race goes into high gear". Baltimore Afro=American.
- "Councilman Wins Baltimore Mayoral Primary". Los Angeles Times. September 15, 1999. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Baltimore, MD Mayor -D Primary". Our Campaigns.
- "Baltimore, MD Mayor". Our Campaigns.
- "Baltimore City Election Result Summary". Maryland State Board of Elections. November 19, 2003. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
- "Baltimore, MD Mayor – D Primary". Our Campaigns.
- "Baltimore, MD Mayor". Our Campaigns.
- For Guidance, Fenty Turns to a Neighbor
- "Government Innovators Network: CitiStat". John F. Kennedy School of Government. 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
- Wagner, John; Mosk, Matthew (April 24, 2005). "O'Malley Rides Wave of Good Polls and Press". Washington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- Text of Baltimore Mayor Martin O'Malley's Address to the Democratic National Convention
- Wagner, John. "O'Malley Finds Issue Can Cut Both Ways". The Washington Post. March 3, 2006. Page B05. Retrieved March 23, 2007.
- "O'Malley donor gains highway access". Washington Times. June 19, 2008. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "O'Malley rumor controversy". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Lori Montgomery (February 9, 2005). "O'Malley Likens Bush's Proposed Cuts to Sept. 11 Attacks". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Thompson, Mark (April 18, 2005). "Wonk 'n' Roller". TIME. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "Can The Democrats Seize The Day?". Bloomberg Businessweek. August 21, 2005. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "Can The Democrats Seize The Day?". Businessweek.com. August 22, 2005. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Mary Scott (October 4, 2005). "O'Malley to run for governor". The Greyhound.online. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Matthew Mosk and Ann E. Marimow (June 23, 2006). "Duncan Drops Bid for Governor". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- "Martin O'Malley News and Photos". baltimoresun.com. The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
- "O'Malley for governor". The Baltimore Sun. October 29, 2006. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "For Governor in Maryland". The Washington Post. October 25, 2006. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Ehrlich for governor, Steele for Senate". The Washington Times. September 6, 2006. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Maryland State Board of Elections". Elections.state.md.us. December 19, 2006. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- "2010 General Election Official Results". Maryland State Board of Elections. December 1, 2010. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
- Wagner, John (October 29, 2007). "Session Has High Stakes for O'Malley". The Washington Post.
- Dubay, Curtis S. (October 26, 2007). "Governor O’Malley's Tax Plan Puts Maryland at Risk in Regional Tax Competition". Fiscal Facts. The Tax Foundation. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
- "O'Malley's Budget Cuts Kick Off Long Process". Ocean City Maryland News. July 13, 2007. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Wagner, John (December 2, 2010). "O'Malley to chair party's governors group". p. B1.
- "O'Malley relieved prison is closed". The Herald-Mail Company. March 20, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
- Vander Veen, Chad (August 2009). "Citizen CEO: Gov. Martin O'Malley of Maryland discusses StateStat GIS for accountability and transparency". govtech.com. Government Technology Magazine. Retrieved August 4, 2009.
- Vander Veen, Chad (October 26, 2010). "Ehrlich turns his attention to illegal immigration". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Marimow, Ann E. (May 10, 2011). "Gov. Martin O’Malley signs immigrant tuition bill into law in Maryland". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Hill, David (May 10, 2011). "Critics of Dream Act cite signature success". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Sarah L. Voisin (November 7, 2012). "Md. voters approve ‘Dream Act’ law". Washington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- O’Malley, archbishop at odds over same-sex marriage, letters show
- "Maryland House Of Delegates Passes Marriage Equality Bill". ThinkProgress. February 17, 2012. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
- "Md. gay marriage bill to become law Thursday afternoon, opponents begin referendum effort". The Washington Post. March 1, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- Tavernise, Sabrina (February 17, 2012). "In Maryland, House Passes Bill to Let Gays Wed". The New York Times. Retrieved Sabrina Tavernise.
- Linskey, Anne (March 1, 2012). "O'Malley signs same-sex marriage bill". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- Linskey, Annie (July 10, 2012). "Same-sex marriage petition certified". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved August 4, 2012.
- "Maryland State Board of Elections". Elections.state.md.us. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- "We Won Marriage – Now What? Answers to Your Questions". Equality Maryland. November 8, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
- John Wagner (March 15, 2013). "Md. Assembly votes to repeal death penalty". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Brian White (May 2, 2013). "Governor Signs Repeal of Death Penalty in Md.". Time (magazine). Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- "Maryland abolishes death penalty as governor signs bill into law". The Guardian. May 2, 2013. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Wagner, John (June 3, 2007). "As Fill-In, O'Malley Expands Exposure". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
- O'Malley sharply critical of GOP at convention
- Ruby Cramer (August 3, 2013). "Martin O’Malley Putting Together "Framework" For Presidential Bid". BuzzFeed. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- Sullivan, Sean (August 3, 2013) "What a Martin O’Malley presidential campaign would sound like — in 113 words", The Washington Post. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Miller, Zeke J. (August 3, 2013) "Martin O’Malley Steps Closer to 2016 Presidential Run", Time.com. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- Cox, Erin (August 4, 2013) "O'Malley outlines possible 2016 bid", The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Vogel, Steve (May 9, 2006). "Rally With a Retirement Twist". The Washington Post. p. B02. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
- "Five Minutes With: David Simon". campusprogress.org. 2006. Retrieved November 6, 2006.
- "Martin O'Malley - IMDb". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
- "Martin O'Malley's profile on O'Malley's March's official website". omalleysmarch.com. Retrieved October 3, 2008.
- "1999 Baltimore City Election". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- "Maryland State Board of Elections". Elections.state.md.us. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin O'Malley.|
- Maryland Office of the Governor Martin O'Malley official state site
- O'Malley & Brown official campaign site
- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Profile at Ballotpedia
- Profile at Notable Names Database
- Biography, interest group ratings, public statements, votes and actions, and campaign finances at Project Vote Smart
- Fact-checking at PolitiFact.com
- Financial information at FollowTheMoney.org
- Issue positions and quotes at On the Issues
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Collected news and commentary at Bloomberg News
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
|Mayor of Baltimore
|Governor of Maryland
|Party political offices|
Kathleen Kennedy Townsend
|Democratic nominee for Governor of Maryland
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Vice President
|Order of Precedence of the United States
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the House of Representatives
as Governor of Massachusetts
|Order of Precedence of the United States
as Governor of South Carolina