Consolidated P2Y

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Consolidated P2Y
Consolidated Model 22.jpg
Consolidated Model 22 (P2Y)
Role Flying Boat
Manufacturer Consolidated Aircraft
First flight 10 January 1929
Retired 1941
Status Retired
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 78[1][2]

The Consolidated P2Y was a flying boat maritime patrol aircraft. The plane was a parasol monoplane with a fabric covered wing and aluminum hull.

the Martin XP2M-1
A Martin-built P3M-2 at NAS Pensacola.

Development[edit]

Initially created to compete for a U.S. Navy contract dated February 28, 1928, the prototype Model 9, XPY-1, was designed by Captain Dick Richardson and Isaac M. 'Mac' Laddon. Beginning construction in March 1928, the aircraft was ready for its first flight by the end of the year. Lieutenant A. W. Gorton made the first flight out of Anacostia NAS, Washington, D.C..[3]

The production contract was opened to other bidders, and the Glenn L. Martin Company undercut and was awarded the contract to construct the plane as the Martin P3M-1 and P3M-2.[3] Three P3M-1s and six P3M-2s were built;[4] one XP2M-1 was also built to a similar design, powered by three Wright Cyclone engines; following the removal of the third engine it was redesignated XP2M-2.[5]

A new contract was placed by the U.S. Navy on May 26, 1931, for a prototype of a developed version of the Model 9, XPY-1, designated the Model 22 Ranger by Consolidated. Incorporating features of the Model 16 Commodore such as the enclosed flight deck,[2] designated the XP2Y-1 by the Navy, this new prototype had the same 100 ft parasol wing, but became a sesquiplane with a smaller wing mounted lower, at the top of the hull, replacing the booms that had supported the stabilizing pontoons on the XPY-1. Two Wright R-1820-E1 Cyclone engines were located close below the top wing and had narrow-chord cowlings. A third similar engine was mounted on a strut along the centerline above the wing, but removed after the first test in April 1932.[1]

The Navy ordered 23 P2Y-3s as production models similar to the P2Y-2s that were modified from the original batch of P2Y-1.

Operational history[edit]

The Navy ordered 23 P2Y-1s on 7 July 1931. They were serving by mid-1933 with VP-10F and VP-5F squadrons which made a number of classic long-range formation flights.[2]"At least 21 P2Y-1s were modified to P2Y-2s in 1936 and flown by VP-5F and VP-10F until 1938, when they were transferred to VP-14 (later VP-52) and VP-15.

The first P2Y-3s reached VP-7F in 1935, and this version was flown by VP-4F at Pearl Harbor and in 1939 was in operation with VP-19, VP-20, and VP-21 (these three squadrons being redesignated VP-43, VP-44, and VP-14 respectively). By the end of 1941, all the P2Y-2s and P2Y-3s had been withdrawn from operational use and were at Pensacola Naval Air Station.[1]

The Colombian Air Force used one Commodore P2Y as a bomber in the Colombia-Peru War in 1932–1933.

The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service evaluated the Consolidated P2Y as the "Consolidated Navy Experimental Type C Flying-Boat".

Variants[edit]

A P2Y-3 of VP-43 at NAS Jacksonville in 1941
XP2Y-1
One prototype[1]
P2Y-1
Navy version of the Commodore. 23 were ordered on July 7, 1931, and were delivered to Patrol Squadron 10 (VP-10) at Norfolk, Virginia on February 1, 1933.[3]
P2Y-1C
One aircraft delivered to Colombia in December 1932.[1]
P2Y-1J
One aircraft delivered to Japan in January 1935.[1]
XP2Y-2
One prototype[1]
P2Y-2
Was a -1 with more powerful R-1820-88 engines faired into the leading edges of the wing. Other -1s were converted in 1936[3]
P2Y-3
Was the production version of the -2. A total of 23 were ordered on 27 December 1933, and entered service with VP-7 in early 1935.[3]
HXC
Shortened designation for the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air service.
Consolidated Navy Experimental Type C Flying Boat.
The full designation of the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.

Operators[edit]

 Argentina
  • Six P2Y-3A
 Colombia
 Japan
  • One P2Y-1J as HXC
 United States

Specifications (P2Y-3)[edit]

Data from The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft;[2] range from American Aircraft of World War II[6]

General characteristics

  • Crew: five
  • Length: 61 ft 9 in (18.82 m)
  • Wingspan: 100 ft in (30.48 m)
  • Height: 19 ft 1 in (5.82 m)
  • Wing area: 1514 ft2 (140.65 m2)
  • Empty weight: 12769 lb (5792 kg)
  • Gross weight: 25266 lb (11460 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Wright R-1820-90 Cyclone radial piston, 750 hp (559 kW) each each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 149 mph (240 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 118 mph (189 km/h)
  • Range: 1180 miles (1899 km)
  • Service ceiling: 16100 ft (4265 m)
  • Rate of climb: 650 ft/min (3.3 m/s)

Armament

  • 1 × flexible bow-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
  • 2 × flexible dorsal-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
  • 2,000 lb (910 kg) bombload

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Swanborough and Bowers 1976
  2. ^ a b c d Eden and Moeng 2002, p. 481.
  3. ^ a b c d e Donald 1997, p. 268.
  4. ^ Rickard, J (2008-08-08). "Martin P3M flying boat". HistoryOfWar.org. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  5. ^ Johnson 2011, p. 154.
  6. ^ Hanson, David (February 2009). "Consolidated P2Y". American Aircraft of World War II. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Donald, David. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
  • Eden, Paul and Soph Moeng. The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. London: Amber Books Ltd., 2002. ISBN 0-7607-3432-1.
  • Johnson, E.R. (2011). United States Naval Aviation, 1919-1941: Aircraft, Airships and Ships Between the Wars. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0786445509. 
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Military Aircraft Since 1909. New York: Putnam, 1964. ISBN 0-85177-816-X.
  • Swanborough, F. Gordon and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1976. ISBN 0-87021-968-5.

External links[edit]