Martin Scherber

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Martin Scherber (16 January 1907 – 10 January 1974) was a German composer and the creator of metamorphosis symphonies.

Scherber in Aussig (Ústí nad Labem) - about 1932

Childhood and Youth[edit]

Martin Scherber was born as the third child of Marie and Bernhard Scherber in Nuremberg, where his father was First Bassist in the orchestra of the State Opera House. Martin was a quiet child, both alert and dreamy, alway full of questions. With his great gift for everything technical, it was generally assumed he would become an engineer and for this reason he attended the secondary modern High School (Oberrealschule, today: Hans Sachs Gymnasium). But already early, at about five years of age, he began to play everything on the piano by heart. He had the absolute hearing. He didn't want to learn any notes, but after conflicts with his father he accepted them as a mean of the representation of music. Later his strength lay in improvising. He seemed to be immediately at home in music. At the age of thirteen he made his first compositions. At this time he was having advanced piano lessons with the Nuremberg opera conductor, Karl Winkler. He made his first public appearances as a pianist in 1922. In composing and improvising he felt enwrapped in a sheath of music. He could step out of his everyday consciousness into an independent, more awake consciousness. He stepped behind the walls, as he called it. From then on he tried to find a more accurate foundation for these experiences which were at first puzzling for him.

His Course of Study[edit]

Since September 1925 he attended the State Academy of Music in Munich for which he received a stipendium. At the same time he was studying philosophy. Here he also occupied himself with basic theoretical questions of knowledge, that is, the integration of an active selfconsciousness within a consciousness for the world. In accordance with his nature, this process merged totally with his artistic life. Under this double aspect his biography appears in a special light. In September 1929 he took a position as répétiteur in Aussig on the River Elbe and after a short time he became conductor and choir leader. He withdrew from the public scene in May 1933. From then on he lived as free-lance composer and music teacher again in the city of his birth.

The Metamorphosis Symphonies[edit]

The composer of Metamorphosis-Symphonies, 1951-55.

There he created the Symphony No.1 in d minor (written in 1938).[1] Years of experience as a soldier (1940-46 military service: anti-aircraft-artillery on railway, music corps, medical service, prison camp 'Munsterlager') in World War II stirred him for a long time. So one can see the 2. Symphony in f minor (1951–1952),[2] and the 3. Symphony in b minor (1952–1955),[3][4] which followed this directly, as a more important continuation of his musical path which began with the d-minor-Symphony. The composer called them 'Metamorphosis-Symphonies'.[5] These symphonies are his main work.

He also composed instrumental music, works for the choir, songs and pieces for the piano. To this belonged the "ABC", a piano cycle in which he attempts to catch the mood of German sounds of speech.

Contemporaries[edit]

Scherber moved in a different spiritual sphere from the Avantgarde who were composing in the fifties. The latter experimented with technical and electronic media, which led to serial an chance compositions. They wanted to replace all the usual rules for the buildup of music with own ways of treatment. Beyond this, they strove to create a world-music through taking in musical elements from as many cultures as possible, appropriate for the scientific-technical-industrial civilization of the whole world. Next to this, many composers continued in the style of composition usual until now.

For Scherber, each tone was an inner act, a free deed - and no intellectual, emotional or instinktive action connected it with other tones. He moved in the world of tone which he opened up as a discoverer does with a new continent, with all its happenings. He loved music and lived it. Music which, he sometimes said, would be inscribed in each human being, even when, in our present time, it is not yet in our personal consciousness. To his F-minor symphony he wrote in 1962 to Peter von Siemens: "I may perhaps suggest, that just this 2nd symphony is not a composition but a Mysterium - also for me! ... Like a prospective mother I experienced the process of bringing it forth, only not so unconsciously; experienced, how those world powers which create mankind, wanted to reveal themselves in an audible way." Here it showed that he was on a spiritual path as a learner. He spoke, as also others of his generation, from an active, new beginning in music which had to be consciously formed and which would lead far above the present classical heights. It was a matter of entering a New World - a source of everything creative, which - not only for music - could be reached under certain conditions.[6] From this comes the consequence, stringency and intelligence of his symphonic language.

Hidden Qualities[edit]

In the organic symphony forms conceived by Scherber live, rather hidden, new contents. Without wanting to go the inner way from 'Idea' or 'Emotion' and so on, to 'spiritual beinghood', the standards are lacking. The musical moving force for the new qualities become the themes which centralize everything with their weaving metamorphoses [2] and strict rhythms, as also the dissonances and harmonies.

For Scherber, the symphony in its universality matured through the centuries, was the historic resoundig of human striving to consciously partake in the processes of world creation. Consistently, Scherber's symphonies show a relationship with the works and intentions of the great pacemakers of symphonic tone. Could one not hear ever and again from composers, not only from Ludwig van Beethoven: "It belongs to the rhythm of spirit, to grasp music in its beinghood. It gives a presentiment, an inspiration of heavenly knowledge."[7][8] And this has only sense in our day, when it can produce 'content' through experience.

Criticism[edit]

  • "This music should be forbidden." (Hans Börnsen, 1957, after the première of the 2nd symphony, Archive of Bruckner-Kreis Nuremberg: A-BRK-N)
  • "...[Without] musical creative power." (Bruno Walter, in a letter to the composer on April 25, 1957, about the 3rd symphony, A-BRK-N)
  • "Such music we don't want." (Alfons Dressel, GMD of Nuremberg in the fifties, A-BRK-N)
  • "The music is too much outside our time. And that it uses no appropriate, conformist tone language, a language to be seriously understood today, seems to me its greatest mistake, indeed, may be a fatal one. It is an absolute anachronism." (Peter Huber, letter of May 5, 2005. A-BRK-N)
  • "I find the piano pieces by Martin Scherber which I was sent, very good." (Edwin Fischer, on the 'ABC Piano Pieces')
  • "Thank you very much for your understanding comments on my book 'Talks about music' [...] Your piano arrangement seems to me to be true and sensible - and that is the best thing one can say of a piano arrangement." (Wilhelm Furtwängler - on the piano arrangement of Bruckner's Symphonies by Martin Scherber, A-BRK-N)
  • "That is real music again! Let it be performed!" (Siegfried Horvath, in the fifties, to the 1st symphony, A-BRK-N)
  • "...broad as the Sea, nowhere fabricated, always interesting, never intellectual - and always alive..." (Karl Winkler, in the seventies, to the 3rd symphony, A-BRK-N)
  • "The composer has radically renewed the form of the species and that in a way which by no means makes the perception more difficult"[...] "All the more astonishing were Scherber's symphony for me: it is modern and nonetheless not modern, it is timeless. Only a great spirit could ignore, in total command of the situation, the usual leading ways of 'modernizing' the musical language, and out of his own depths form a mode of expression which has nothing to do with the unmusical experiments of the century, and nonetheless sounds absolutely original." (George Balan, to the 3rd symphony, in 2004, A-BRK-N)
  • "One feels one isn't any more listening music but taking part in cosmic events and the mysteries of Creation." (Lilo Hammann-Rauno, in the fifties)

The Publication of the Metamorphosis Symphonies[edit]

The composer had intended to publish his symphonies only after his death. But in 1969 the idea was brought to Scherber to do it sooner. In this way the symphonies appeared in Nuremberg as immediate contributions to Albrecht-Dürer-Year 1971 (500th Anniversary of birth).

Accident[edit]

At the end of May 1970, during a walk, he was struck by a drunken driver and thrown through the air. In this way he was robbed of his physical faculties to continue with his musical work and confined over years to a wheel-chair. At the beginning of 1974 he died from the consequences of the accident.[9]

Selected works[edit]

  • "Das ABC - Stücke für Klavier"; ABC - 31 Pieces for Piano (1938–63).
  • "Hymne an die Nacht"; Hymn to the Night (1937) (Novalis; song with piano).
  • Cycles of Children's Songs (1930/1937) (Clemens Brentano, Martin Scherber)
  • Fairytale music (1938, 1946)
  • Symphony No. 1 in d-minor (1938), world premiere: March 11, 1952, Lüneburg; Conductor: Fred Thürmer
  • Symphony No. 2 in f-minor (1951–52), WP: January 24, 1957, Lüneburg; Conductor: Fred Thürmer
  • Symphony No. 3 in b-minor (1952–55), WP: not yet
  • Lieder mit Klavier (1930–1950); Songs for piano (Wilhelm Busch, J. W. von Goethe, Eduard Mörike, Christian Morgenstern)
  • Choirs a capella and choirs with piano or orchestra (1937/38)

Discography[edit]

  • Symphony No. 3 in b-minor (3. Symphonie in h-moll durch Martin Scherber). German Philharmonic Orchestra Rhineland-Palatinate (Deutsche Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz), Ludwigshafen. Conductor: Elmar Lampson. Publisher: Peermusic Classical, Hamburg. Label: col legno, Wien-Salzburg, Austria, www.col-legno.com; WWE 1CD 20078. World Premiere Recording - 2001.
  • Symphony No. 2 in f-minor (2. Symphonie in f-moll durch Martin Scherber). Russian Philharmonic Orchestra Moscow. Conductor: Samuel Friedmann. Publisher: Bruckner-Kreis Nürnberg. Label: Cascade Media, Staufen im Breisgau, Germany www.cascade-medien.com, Order-No. 05116. World Pemiere Recording - 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Faksimile score Sinfonie No. 1 in d-moll durch Martin Scherber, Hans Bosannek Nürnberg (1971)
  2. ^ Faksimile score Sinfonie No. 2 in f-moll durch Martin Scherber, Hans Bosannek Nürnberg (1973)
  3. ^ Faksimile score Sinfonie No. 3 in h-moll durch Martin Scherber, Hans Bosannek Nürnberg (1971)
  4. ^ Henning Kunze: Booklet 3. Symphonie in h-moll durch Martin Scherber, p. 12, Peermusic Classical/col legno, Bad Wiessee, 2001
  5. ^ Henning Kunze Die Metamorphose als Wesenselement der Musik, Periodical 'Die Drei' 9/1990, Publishers Freies Geistesleben, Stuttgart (1990) S. 676-687, refers to the 2nd symphony
  6. ^ Arthur M. Abell: Talks With Great Composers - Johannes Brahms, Giacomo Puccini, Richard Strauss, Engelbert Humperdinck, Max Bruch and Edvard Grieg; Citadel 1998, ISBN 0-8065-1565-1; ISBN 978-0-8065-1565-6
  7. ^ Bettina Brentano Gespräche mit Beethoven [1]. Archived 2009-11-01.
  8. ^ Josef Rufer Bekenntnisse und Erkenntnisse - Composers and their works, Goldmann Verlag/Schott's Söhne München 1981, TB 33055, P. 33, ISBN 3-442-33055-6, 1988.
  9. ^ Abendzeitung, Nuremberg of September 7, 1973, S. 1 and February 5, 1974, S. 9

External links[edit]