|President of the European Parliament|
17 January 2012
|Preceded by||Jerzy Buzek|
|Leader of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats|
5 July 2004 – 17 January 2012
|Preceded by||Enrique Barón Crespo|
|Succeeded by||Hannes Swoboda|
|Member of the European Parliament
19 July 1994
20 December 1955 |
Hehlrath, West Germany
|Political party||Social Democratic Party|
Martin Schulz (born 20 December 1955) is a German politician for the Social Democratic Party of Germany. A Member of the European Parliament since 1994, Schulz has also served as President of the European Parliament since 2012. He was the leader of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament from 2004 to 2012; the group was known as the Party of European Socialists before 2009.
- 1975-1977: Apprentice bookseller
- 1977-1982: Worked in various bookshops and publishing houses
- 1982-1994: Bookshop proprietor
- 1991-1999: Member of the SPD Party Council
- since 1995: Member of the Mittelrhein SPD Executive
- since 1996: Chairman of the Aachen District SPD
- since 1999: Member of the SPD Federal Executive
- 1984-1999: Municipal Councillor, Würselen
- 1987-1998: Mayor of Würselen
- since 1994: Member of the European Parliament
- 1994-1996: PES Group coordinator, Subcommittee on Human Rights
- 1996-2000: PES Group coordinator, Committee on Civil Liberties and Home Affairs
- 2000-2004: Chairman of the German Socialist (SPD) delegation, European Parliament
- 2002-2004: First Vice-Chairman of the PES Group
- since 2009: Chairman of the PES and then S&D Group
- since 2012: President of the European Parliament
Education and professional career
Schulz was born in Hehlrath. After four years at primary school, from 1962 to 1966, Schulz attended the Heilig-Geist (Holy Spirit) grammar school, a private Roman Catholic school run by the Holy Ghost Fathers (or Spiritans) , in Broich (now Würselen), a district of the town of Broichweiden, for nine years, leaving without his Abitur (A-levels). From 1975 to 1976 he then trained to be a bookseller.
Over the next five years he worked for a number of publishing houses and bookshops, and in 1982 he opened his own bookshop in Würselen, which he ran until 1994.
Besides German, he speaks French and English and understands Italian and Dutch.
In 1974, at the age of 18, Schulz joined the SPD, became involved with the Young Socialists and in 1984 was elected to the Würselen Municipal Council, remaining a member for just over two electoral terms, to 1998, from 1987 onwards as mayor. At 31, he was then the youngest mayor in North Rhine-Westphalia. He held that office until 1998.
During his period of office as mayor of Würselen Martin Schulz was responsible in particular for the building of the Aquana aquatic leisure centre. In view of the town’s budget problems, this decision has long been seen as controversial.
In the 1994 European elections Schulz was elected to the European Parliament and between 2000 and 2004 was chair of the SPD delegation. Following the 2004 European elections he took over the leadership of the PSE Group, succeeding the Spaniard Enrique Barón Crespo. Since 13 November 2009 he has been the SPD’s European Coordinator, responsible for improving cooperation within the party between the EU and national levels. He is also a member of the cross-party organisation Europa-Union Deutschland. On 17 January 2012 Schulz was elected President of the European Parliament.
Incident with Godfrey Bloom
On 24 November 2010 the British MEP Godfrey Bloom caused a row in the European Parliament when he interrupted a speech by Martin Schulz, heckling him with the Nazi propaganda slogan ‘Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer’ (‘one people, one empire, one leader’) and accusing him of being an ‘undemocratic fascist’. Bloom later stated that he was referring to the fact that the indoctrination of the German people under the Nazi regime has long-lasting effects; "some Germans still find it difficult to accept diversity in Europe and differences of opinion". In the debate on the future of the Euro Stability Pact Schulz had criticised the role played by the United Kingdom, which was involved in the discussions despite not being a member of the eurozone, and said that some eurosceptics would take pleasure in the collapse of the European Union. Following the incident, the President of Parliament, Jerzy Buzek, excluded Bloom from the Chamber. The Dutch MEP Barry Madlener, from the right-wing populist Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV - Freedom Party), then protested against that decision, on the grounds that Schulz himself had recently described the PVV MEP Daniël van der Stoep as a fascist, but had not been excluded from the Chamber.
President of the European Parliament
Following the 2009 European elections Schulz came to public attention when he insisted that his group should not immediately approve a second term of office for European Commission President Barroso and instead, together with the Chair of the Green Group in the European Parliament, Daniel Cohn-Bendit, proposed the Belgian Liberal Guy Verhofstadt as a candidate for that office. Following reassurances by Barroso, Schulz dropped his categorical opposition to him, insisting only that he should make certain political concessions to the Social Democrats. As a result, the majority of the group abstained on the confidence vote to Barroso.
An informal agreement was reached between the Conservative PPE Group and the PSE Group that in 2012 Schulz should succeed the Polish PPE Member Jerzy Buzek as President of the European Parliament. In early June 2011 Schulz then formally announced his candidacy for that office.
On 17 January 2012, Martin Schulz was elected President of the European Parliament, with 387 votes in favour out of 670 cast. On 15 September 2011 Members of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament had unanimously nominated Schulz as their candidate for President of the European Parliament. Other candidates were Nirj Deva (142 votes) and Diana Wallis (141 votes).
Honours and decorations
- Germany : Federal Cross of Merit (First Class) in 2006
- Russian Federation : Honorary Doctorate by the Kaliningrad State Technical University on May 18, 2009
- France : Officer of the French Légion d’honneur in 2010
- Romania : Collar of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania on October 31, 2012; Doctor Honoris Causa title by the National School of Political Science and Public Administration of Bucharest on October 31, 2012.
- Italy : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic on November 8, 2012
He is married and has two children. In addition to reading, his main hobby is supporting the football club 1. FC Köln.
- "Martin Schulz MEP". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- Interview, martin-schulz.info
- "Europa-Union Deutschland". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "Uproar in the European Parliament Briton attacked SPD members with Nazi slogan". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "MEP put off debate after Nazi rule". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "Support for Verhofstadt as Barroso's successor grows". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "Socialists split over name change, Barroso". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "Martin Schulz: official candidate for the Presidency of the European Parliament". Retrieved 2012-01-30.
- "PES congratulate Martin Schulz on nomination for European Parliament Presidency". Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- "Martin Schulz elected President of the European Parliament". Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Preşedintele Parlamentului European susţine o alocuţiune la Parlamentul României" (in Romanian). Gândul. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Ceremonia acordării titlului de doctor honoris causa" (in Romanian). SNPA. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Communication from the Quirinal Palace". The official website of the Presidency of the Italian Republic.
- "Sein Bruder rettete ihn vor dem Alkohol". Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "So überwand EU-Parlamentspräsident Schulz seine Alkoholsucht". Retrieved 2012-12-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martin Schulz.|
- Official homepage
- Website of Martin Schulz's political group in European Parliament
- European Parliament biography of Martin Schulz (incl. Speeches, Questions and Motions)
- Declaration (PDF) of financial interests (German)
|Party political offices|
Enrique Barón Crespo
|Leader of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
|President of the European Parliament