||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
|Member of Parliament
for Belfast South
5 March 1982 – 11 April 2005
|Preceded by||Robert Bradford|
|Succeeded by||Alasdair McDonnell|
|Born||15 June 1931|
|Political party||Ulster Unionist Party|
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Dublin|
Reverend William Martin Smyth (born 15 June 1931) is a Northern Irish unionist politician, and was Ulster Unionist Party Member of Parliament for Belfast South from 1982-2005. He was a Vice-President of the Conservative Monday Club.
Beginning of Political Career
Smyth became Grand Master of the Orange Order in 1971, in what was seen at the time as a working-class "grass roots" revolt against the till then middle-class leadership of the Order. (He remained Grand Master until 1996). In the 1970s, he was a Deputy Leader of the Vanguard movement which had emerged as a faction within the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). However, when this faction split from the UUP to form the Vanguard Unionist Progressive Party, Smyth chose to remain with the UUP. His name was linked in the Belfast Telegraph with the UUP candidacy for the Belfast North constituency in 1974. However, he did not stand there, and the following year, he was elected to the Constitutional Convention for Belfast South, polling more than double the electoral quota.
Member of Parliament
He was selected to fill the vacancy caused by the murder of Robert Bradford. Smyth was consequently elected Member of Parliament in a 1982 by-election, receiving 17,123 votes. Later the same year, he was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly, again polling double the electoral quota. He along with all other Unionist MPs resigned his seat in 1985 in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement. He successfully defended his seat in the subsequent by election.
Smyth was on the parliamentary advisory board of Western Goals (UK) which held a well-attended fringe meeting at the Conservative Party conference in October 1988 on the subject of "International Terrorism - how the West can fight back". He was one of numerous high profile speakers including General Sir Walter Walker, Andrew Hunter MP, Sir Alfred Sherman and Harvey Ward. Hunter and Ward both gave considerable detail to the meeting concerning top-level links between the IRA and ANC.
David Trimble's Leadership
Rev. Smyth ran for the leadership of the UUP in 1995 after James Molyneaux stood down, but lost to David Trimble. He was opposed to the Good Friday Agreement, however was considered a moderate in the early 1990s, being condemned in 1993 by the Democratic Unionist Party for suggesting that talks with Sinn Féin might be possible. He challenged David Trimble for the party leadership in 2000, and was again unsuccessful. He was unsuccessfully challenged for the UUP nomination in Belfast South by Michael McGimpsey before the 2001 General Election, and went on to hold the seat. In 2001 he was elected to the position of President of the party. In 2003, he, along with David Burnside and Jeffrey Donaldson, resigned the party whip due to disagreements over the British Irish Declaration of 2003. He attempted to dissuade Donaldson from resigning from the party entirely. In January 2004, Smyth and Burnside retook the UUP whip. Later that year he lost the party Presidency in the annual election at the Ulster Unionist Council, polling 329 votes to Lord Rogan who won with 407 votes. The same meeting saw an unsuccessful challenge to Trimble's leadership.
End of Political Career and the 2005 General Election
In January 2005, Smith announced he would be stepping down from Parliament at the next election to spend more time with his wife. He ended his House of Commons career in May 2005. During the election Smyth courted controversy when he and former Ulster Unionist leader James Molyneaux appeared in a photograph with Democratic Unionist Party candidate Jimmy Spratt on Spratt's election literature. Smyth denied endorsing Spratt stating:
|“||People take pictures of me and they turn up in different places. I didn't sign any form, I didn't go out canvassing, but I was out canvassing with the only two unionist candidates who asked me.||”|
The candidates Smyth did canvass for were David Burnside in South Antrim and Rodney McCune in North Antrim. In the event neither Unionist candidate won in South Belfast, with the seat being taken by the Social Democratic and Labour Party's Alasdair McDonnell amidst a split in the vote between the two Unionist parties.
- South Belfast 1973-1984 ARK - Access Research Knowledge
- South Belfast, 1983-1992 ARK - Access Research Knowledge
- Labour Research, November 1988, p.2.
- Young European Newsletter, December 1988 edition, published by Western Goals (UK), London.
- Martin Smyth: A hardline challenger? BBC News, 23 March 2000
- Rev Martin Smyth BBC News, 21 October 2002
- Smyth wins UUP selection battle BBC News, 16 February 2001
- MP warns of UUP crisis BBC News, 27 August 2003
- Trimble calls emergency meeting of sundered UUP 4NI, 25 June 2003
- Burnside and Smyth resume UUP Whip 4NI, 12 January 2004
- Kerr, Michael David Trimble and the 2005 General election, Dublin (2005) pg 58
- Kerr, Michael (December 2005). 'Transforming Unionism: David Trimble and the 2005 General election'. Irish Academic Press. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7165-3389-4.
- South Belfast ARK - Access Research Knowledge
- South Belfast election results ARK - Access Research Knowledge
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Belfast South
|Party political offices|
|New political party||Deputy Leader of Ulster Vanguard
1972 - 1973
Served alongside: Austin Ardill
Ernest Baird and Lindsay Smyth
Sir Joe Cunningham
|President of the Ulster Unionist Party
|Non-profit organization positions|
|Grand Master of the Orange Institution of Ireland