Martine Carol

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Martine Carol
Action of the Tiger.jpg
from the trailer for Action of the Tiger (1957)
Born Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer
(1920-05-16)16 May 1920
Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne, Île-de-France, France
Died 6 February 1967(1967-02-06) (aged 46)
Monte Carlo, Monaco
Other names Marise Arley, Martine Carole, Marie-Louise Maurer
Years active 1941–1967
Spouse(s) Stephen Crane (divorced: 1948–53)
Christian-Jaque (divorced: 1954–59)
André Rouveix (divorced: 1959–62)
Mike Eland (widower: 1966–67)

Martine Carol (16 May 1920 – 6 February 1967) was a French film actress.

Biography[edit]

Born Marie-Louise Jeanne Nicolle Mourer in Saint-Mandé, Val-de-Marne, (France), she studied acting under René Simon (1898–1966), making her stage debut in 1940 and her first motion picture in 1943. One of the most beautiful women in film, she was frequently cast as an elegant blonde seductress. During the late 1940s and early 1950s she was the leading sex symbol and a top box office draw of French cinema, and was considered a French version of America's Marilyn Monroe. One of her most famous roles was as the title character in Lola Montès (1955), directed by Max Ophüls, in a role which necessitated dark hair. However, by the late-1950s, roles for Carol had become fewer, due to the introduction of newcomer Brigitte Bardot.

Despite her fame and fortune, Martine Carol's personal life was filled with turmoil that included a suicide attempt and drug abuse, and four marriages. She was also kidnapped by gangster Pierre Loutrel (also known as Pierrot le Fou or Crazy Pete), albeit briefly and received roses the next day as an apology.

She died unexpectedly of a heart attack in a Monte Carlo hotel room at the age of only forty-six, during the shooting of the film Hell is Empty (1967).

Marriages and interment[edit]

Martine Carol was married four times, to:

  1. Stephen Crane (Joseph Stephen Crane, aka), American actor and restaurant manager, previously Lana Turner's husband. Married in 1948, divorced in 1953.
  2. Christian-Jaque, film director. Married July 15, 1954, divorced in 1959.
  3. Dr. André Rouveix, a young doctor she met in Martinique, Fort-de-France. Married August 3, 1959, divorced in 1962.
  4. Mike Eland, English businessman. Married in 1966, until her death.

She was initially buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris. But her grave was violated (some media reported that she had been interred with her jewels). Martine Carol was then buried in the Grand Jas Cemetery (le cimetière "du Grand Jas") of Cannes (square n°3).

Selected filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director
1949 Les amants de Vérone Bettina Verdi André Cayatte
1950 I Like Only You Irène Pierre Montazel
1950 Méfiez-vous des blondes Olga Schneider André Hunebelle
1952 Adorable Creatures Minouche Christian-Jaque
Beauties of the Night Edmee René Clair
1953 Lucrèce Borgia Lucrèce Borgia Christian-Jacque
1954 Destinées (episode "Lysistrata") Lysistrata Christian-Jacque
La Spiaggia Anna Maria Alberto Lattuada
Madame du Barry Madame du Barry Christian-Jacque
1955 Nana Nana Christian-Jacque
Les Carnets du Major Thompson Martine Preston Sturges
Lola Montès Lola Montès Max Ophüls
1956 Around the World in 80 Days cameo appearance Michael Anderson
1957 Action of the Tiger Tracy Terence Young
1958 The Stowaway Colette Lee Robinson and Ralph Habib
1959 Ten Seconds to Hell Margot Hofer Robert Aldrich
Austerlitz Joséphine de Beauharnais Abel Gance
1961 Vanina Vanini Contessa Vitelleschi Roberto Rossellini
1962 I Don Giovanni della Costa Azzurra Nadine Leblanc Vittorio Sala

References[edit]

Martine Carol's grave at the cimetière du Grand Jas in Cannes
  • Chapuy, Arnaud (2001). Martine Carol filmée par Christian-Jaque : un phénomène du cinéma populaire. Paris: L'Harmattan. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Debot, Georges (1979). Martine Carol ou la vie de Martine chérie. Préface de Mary Marquet. Paris: France-Empire. 
  • Cohen, André-Charles (1986). Martine chérie. Collection photographique de Jean-Charles Sabria. Préface de Cécil Saint-Laurent. Paris: Ramsay. 

External links[edit]