|Somewhat speculative restoration|
|Species:||† A. martinicana|
|† Amazona martinicana
A.H. Clark, 1905
|Location of Martinique|
The Martinique Amazon (Amazona martinicana) is a hypothetical extinct species of Caribbean parrot in the Psittacidae family. It is not known from any material remains, but was said to be similar to the Red-necked Amazon (A. arausiaca) from Dominica, the next major island to the north of Martinique. Natives are known to have traded extensively in parrots between the Antilles, and it seems that the Martinique population was in some way related to or even descended from A. arausiaca.
Jean-Baptiste Labat described them as follows in 1742:
Those of Dominica have some red feathers on the wings, under the throat, and in the tail; all the rest is green (Amazona bouqueti, w.r.). Those of Martinique have the same plumage as the last mentioned, but the top of the head is slate colour with a small amount of red.
The Guadeloupe Amazon ("A. violacea"), a similarly speculative "species", was said to inhabit the island of Guadeloupe. It is sometimes considered to be the same as "A. martinicana". However, it is more widely held to be related or identical to the Imperial Amazon (A. imperialis), the second Amazona species of Dominica.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Amazona martinicana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Olson, S. L.; E. J. Máiz López (2008). "New evidence of Ara autochthones from an archeological site in Puerto Rico: a valid species of West Indian macaw of unknown geographical origin (Aves: Psittacidae)" (pdf). Caribbean Journal of Science 44 (2): 215–222.
- Ellis, Richard (2004). No Turning Back: The Life and Death of Animal Species. New York: Harper Perennial. p. 168. ISBN 0-06-055804-0.
Media related to Amazona martinicana at Wikimedia Commons
|This article relating to parrots is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Martinique-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|