Martinsyde

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Martinsyde
Former type Private
Industry Motorcycle, Aviation
Fate Liquidated after a factory fire
Founded 1908
Founder(s) H.P. Martin and George Handasyde
Defunct 1922
Headquarters Woking and Brooklands), British
Key people H.P. Martin and George Handasyde
Products Motorcycles, Aircraft

Martinsyde was a British aircraft and motorcycle manufacturer between 1908 and 1922, when they were forced into liquidation by a factory fire.[1]

History[edit]

The company was first formed in 1908 as a partnership between H.P. Martin and George Handasyde and known as Martin & Handasyde. Their No.1 monoplane was built in 1908–1909 and succeeded in lifting off the ground before being wrecked in a gale.[2] They went on to build a succession of largely monoplane designs although it was a biplane, the S.1 of 1914, that turned Martin-Handasyde into a successful aircraft manufacturer.

In 1915 they renamed the company Martinsyde Ltd and became Britain's third largest aircraft manufacturer during World War One, with flight sheds at Brooklands and a large factory in nearby Woking.

Martinsyde Motorcycles[edit]

Martinsyde motorcycle, 1922, model C, 498 cc

Martinsyde began manufacturing motorcycles from 1919 after buying the rights to engine designs by Howard Newman which included a 350 cc single and a 677 cc V-twin with an unusual exhaust-over-inlet layout.[1]

The 680 engine was fitted into a diamond-type frame with Brampton forks. Martinsyde had to overcome problems with components before their new range could be launched, initially under the trade name of Martinsyde-Newman until the third partner Newman left the company. Newman was also involved in manufacturing and designing the Ivy (motorcycles). The motorcycle twin had a hand gear change and a three-speed gearbox built under licence from AJS. The Martinsyde’s engine was very flexible and became popular for off-road trials competition, where the singles quickly gained a reputation for reliability, at Brooklands, where Martinsyde won the team award in 1922, and the Scottish Six Days Trial.[1]

Martinsyde motorcycles were offered with sidecars and the Martinsyde 680 was followed by a 500 cc model in 1920, with a sports version in 1921. In 1922 Martinsyde produced a 738 cc sports V-twin, named the Quick Six which produced 22 horsepower (16 kW) and was capable of 80 miles per hour (130 km/h). The engine featured their normal overhead exhaust and side-valve inlet, but Ricardo pistons, accurately balanced flywheels, all reciprocating parts lightened, nickel steel con-rods machined all over, and close ratio three speed gearbox.[3] Martinsyde were experimenting with new designs, including valve gear controlled by leaf springs, when their Woking factory was destroyed by a fire in 1922, forcing them into liquidation having produced over 2,000 motorcycles. The company's motorcycle manufacturing rights were purchased by Bat Motor Manufacturing Co. Ltd, who produced a number of twin-cylinder motorcycles in 1924 and 1925 before ending production.[1]

May 11th, 1922, Motor Cycle magazine features new Martinsyde Quick Six

Martinsyde aircraft[edit]

Martin-Handasyde No.4B Dragonfly, 1911

Martinsyde-designed aircraft included:

A number of surplus Buzzard airframe were later built up with a new engine, the radial Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar, by the Aircraft Disposal Company (ADC) and sold as the "Martinsyde ADC.1" in 1924. A development of the F.4 was also made by the ADC: two "ADC Nimbus" were produced as prototypes. The company also manufactured the BE.2c and S.E.5a aircraft under sub-contract.

See also[edit]

Media related to Martinsyde at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Martinsyde Quick Six". Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  2. ^ British Aircraft Before the Great War, Michael H. Goodall & Albert E. Tagg, p.187
  3. ^ "A New Sports V-Twin", Motor Cycle, May 11th 1922, p599

External links[edit]