Martinus J. G. Veltman

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Martinus Justinus Godefriedus Veltman
Martinus Veltman.jpg
Born (1931-06-27) June 27, 1931 (age 83)
Waalwijk, Netherlands
Nationality Netherlands
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
Utrecht University
Alma mater Utrecht University
Doctoral students Gerardus 't Hooft
Peter Van Nieuwenhuizen
Bernard de Wit
Notable awards Nobel Prize in physics (1999)

Martinus Justinus Godefriedus "Tini" Veltman (Dutch: [ˈvɛltmɑn]; born June 27, 1931) is a Dutch theoretical physicist. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in physics with his former student Gerardus 't Hooft for their work on particle theory.

Biography[edit]

Martinus J.G. Veltman was born in Waalwijk, Netherlands on June 27, 1931. He started studying mathematics and physics at Utrecht University in 1948. He obtained his PhD in theoretical physics in 1963 and became professor at Utrecht University in 1966.

In 1963/64, during an extended stay at SLAC he designed the computer program Schoonschip for symbolic manipulation of mathematical equations, which is now considered the very first computer algebra system.

In 1971, Gerardus 't Hooft, who was completing his PhD under the supervision of Veltman, renormalized Yang–Mills theory. They showed that if the symmetries of Yang–Mills theory were to be realized in the spontaneously broken mode, referred to as the Higgs mechanism, then Yang–Mills theory can be renormalized.[1][2] Renormalization of Yang–Mills theory is a major achievement of twentieth century physics.

In 1981, Veltman left Utrecht University for the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor.[3]

Eventually, he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1999 with 't Hooft, "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics".[4] Veltman and 't Hooft joined in the celebrations at Utrecht University when the prize was awarded.

Veltman is now retired and holds a position of Emeritus Professor at the University of Michigan. Asteroid 9492 Veltman is named in his honor.

In 2003, Veltman published a book about particle physics for a broad audience, entitled Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics, published by World Scientific Publishing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. 't Hooft and M. Veltman (1972). "Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields". Nuclear Physics B 44: 189–219. Bibcode:1972NuPhB..44..189T. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(72)90279-9. 
  2. ^ Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields by 't Hooft and Veltman (PDF)
  3. ^ Martinus J. G. Veltman
  4. ^ The Nobel Prize in Physics 1999

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]