Martinus J. G. Veltman
|Martinus Justinus Godefriedus Veltman|
June 27, 1931 |
|Institutions||University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
|Alma mater||Utrecht University|
|Doctoral students||Gerardus 't Hooft
Peter Van Nieuwenhuizen
Bernard de Wit
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in physics (1999)|
Martinus Justinus Godefriedus "Tini" Veltman (Dutch: [ˈvɛltmɑn]; born June 27, 1931) is a Dutch theoretical physicist. He shared the 1999 Nobel Prize in physics with his former student Gerardus 't Hooft for their work on particle theory.
Martinus J.G. Veltman was born in Waalwijk, Netherlands on June 27, 1931. He started studying mathematics and physics at Utrecht University in 1948. He obtained his PhD in theoretical physics in 1963 and became professor at Utrecht University in 1966.
In 1963/64, during an extended stay at SLAC he designed the computer program Schoonschip for symbolic manipulation of mathematical equations, which is now considered the very first computer algebra system.
In 1971, Gerardus 't Hooft, who was completing his PhD under the supervision of Veltman, renormalized Yang–Mills theory. They showed that if the symmetries of Yang–Mills theory were to be realized in the spontaneously broken mode, referred to as the Higgs mechanism, then Yang–Mills theory can be renormalized. Renormalization of Yang–Mills theory is a major achievement of twentieth century physics.
Eventually, he shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1999 with 't Hooft, "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics". Veltman and 't Hooft joined in the celebrations at Utrecht University when the prize was awarded.
In 2003, Veltman published a book about particle physics for a broad audience, entitled Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics, published by World Scientific Publishing.
- G. 't Hooft and M. Veltman (1972). "Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields". Nuclear Physics B 44: 189–219. Bibcode:1972NuPhB..44..189T. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(72)90279-9.
- Regularization and Renormalization of Gauge Fields by 't Hooft and Veltman (PDF)
- Martinus J. G. Veltman
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 1999
- Veltman, M. "Perturbation Theory of Massive Yang-Mills Fields", Utrecht Rijksuniversiteit (Netherlands). Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica. Paris Univ., Orsay (France). Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Energies, (Aug. 1968).
- Veltman, M. & J. Yellin. "Some Comments on the Decays of eta (550)", Brookhaven National Laboratory, United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the Atomic Energy Commission), July 1966.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Martinus Veltman.|
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- Autobiography (Nobel Archive 1999)
- University of Michigan Page
- Photograph, Biography and Bibliographic Resources, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy
- Freeview video 'An Interview with Martinus Veltman' by the Vega Science Trust
- Freeview video 'Why do we need a linear collider'