Martin "Marty" Glickman (August 14, 1917 – January 3, 2001) was a pioneering American radio announcer known particularly for his broadcasts of the New York Knicks basketball games and the football games of the New York Giants and the New York Jets. He had been a noted collegiate track and field athlete who was a football star at Syracuse University and who was a member of the US team at the 1936 Summer Olympic Games held in Berlin, Germany.
The unexplained, last-minute decision to remove him and one other Jewish athlete from a relay event at the 1936 Olympics has been widely viewed as an effort to avoid embarrassing Adolf Hitler, then the Chancellor of Germany. Since 1933, Hitler and the National Socialist Party he led had been the authors of anti-Jewish race laws in Germany. They ultimately directed the murder of millions of Jews and others in The Holocaust (1941–1945).
James L. Freedman has produced a documentary film Glickman that was broadcast nationallly in the United States in 2013.
Glickman was born in The Bronx, New York. His parents, Harry and Molly Glickmann, had migrated to the United States from Iaşi in Romania. He was a track star and football standout at James Madison High School in Brooklyn and at Syracuse University.
Track career and the 1936 Berlin Olympics
Glickman was an 18-year-old member of the U.S. team in the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany, as a sprinter. Glickman traveled to Germany and spent two weeks practicing as part of the 400-meter relay team. However, the day before they were scheduled to compete, Glickman and Sam Stoller, also Jewish and a senior at the University of Michigan, were replaced on the 4x100 m relay team by Ralph Metcalfe and Jesse Owens. Foy Draper and Frank Wykoff, the two other runners with whom they'd been practicing, remained on the team. The US team won the event by a large margin, and it is generally thought that the relay team would have won fairly easily without the replacement of Glickman and Stoller. Glickman and Stoller were the only two members of the US team for the Olympics who did not compete after arriving in Berlin; over the entire history of US participation in the Olympic Games, it is extremely rare that uninjured team members don't compete in any event at all, and indeed after practice trials Glickman and Stoller had been assured that they would be running in the relay event.
No written sources have ever emerged that conclusively account for the last-minute decision to remove Glickman and Stoller from the relay event. Glickman himself was convinced that their removal was done primarily to avoid embarrassing Adolf Hitler, the Chancellor of Germany, and the National Socialist (Nazi) regime he led. Under Hitler's leadership, Germany had enacted severe anti-Jewish race laws, and the profound prejudice of the National Socialist regime against Jews was obvious by 1936. With the two Jewish sprinters, an American team's victory in the relay would have been awkward for the German hosts to the games in Berlin, their capitol city. The head of the 1936 US Olympic Team, Avery Brundage, dismissed these allegations as "absurd" in a written report shortly after the games, but David Large wrote more than seventy years later that "While the removal of Glickman and Stoller never bothered Brundage, it haunted the American Olympic establishment for decades after." In 1998, the then-president of the U.S. Olympic Committee, William J. Hybl, honored Glickman and the memory of Sam Stoller, who had died in 1983, by presenting Glickman with a plaque “in lieu of the gold medals they didn’t win” in Berlin. Hybl noted that although there was no written proof that anti-Semitism had been at play during the 1936 Olympics, it was clearly the case. "I was a prosecutor," Hybl said. "I'm used to looking at evidence. The evidence was there."
Early radio career and military service
In 1939, Glickman graduated from Syracuse University. In addition to his prominence in track and field, he was a star running back for the varsity football team. He had brief careers in professional football and basketball. He joined the radio station WHN in New York City, and by 1943 he was its sports director. Following the American entry into World War II in 1941, Glickman joined the US Marines. He was an officer in the 4th Marine Air wing from 1943 until the end of the war in 1945.
Glickman became a distinguished sportscaster, beginning as the voice man for the sports newsreels distributed by Paramount News, between 1948 and 1957 when Paramount News' newsreel production ended. He covered all local, national and global sports during that era in every genre. Glickman's poetic lilt and slight New York twang made him a favorite in those early years of news production.
After Paramount News, he became best known as the voice of the New York Knicks (21 years) and New York Giants (23 years). He also did some New York Rangers broadcasts. In the early 1960s, Glickman teamed up with the analyst Al DeRogatis, an ex-Giants defensive lineman, to form a legendary broadcast team for "New York Football Giants" fans, many of whom discovered a sound reason to turn down the TV audio in their living rooms and turn up the radio while those in the stands at Yankee Stadium held transistor radios to their ears. In later years, the WNEW-originated broadcasts included the WNEW sports editor Chip Cipolla. Glickman and Cipolla utilized a unique format in which Glickman broadcast the offense and Cipolla the defense. Glickman also broadcast New York high school football games while he was broadcasting for the Knicks.
Glickman was a longtime mentor of broadcasters. His most famous protégé, Marv Albert, eventually called radio broadcasts of the Knicks, Giants and Rangers. He also helped the careers of the acclaimed sportscasters Spencer Ross and Johnny Most. In 1991, Glickman himself became a member of the Curt Gowdy wing of the Basketball Hall of Fame; he was the second person selected for the announcers' award, following Gowdy himself in 1990.
Glickman joined the radio station WHN in 1939 and was its sports director by 1943. When the New York Knickerbockers were formed in 1946, Glickman was their radio announcer. Later, he was the National Basketball Association's first TV announcer. Glickman was also the first announcer for the New York Nets before the ABA-NBA merger, when they played in their first home, the Island Garden in Nassau County. Many feel he became the voice of the New York Nets as a favor to Lou Carnesecca, who left a successful stint as the basketball coach of St. John's University to be the first coach of the New York Nets.
He was also the voice of the Yonkers Raceway for 12 years and the New York Jets for 11 years. Glickman did pre- and post-game shows for the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Yankees for 22 years. Glickman was often heard on WPIX-11's telecasts of local college basketball during the winter. As the sports director of WCBS Radio in the 1960s, he briefly resurrected the ancient broadcasting art of re-creation, voicing blind play-by-play accounts of segments of New York Yankees spring training games to the huddled, chilled, baseball-starved masses in the metropolitan area.
In addition, in the 1980s, Glickman also broadcast University of Connecticut football and basketball games for the Connecticut Radio Network. Glickman returned to college football in 1985, calling Ivy League football games for PBS.
In addition to this, Glickman covered track meets, wrestling matches from St. Nicholas Arena, roller derbies, rodeos and even a marbles tournament. NBC employed him as a critic and teacher of its sports announcers. In 1988, Glickman returned to television on NBC as a play-by-play replacement on its NFL telecasts while protégé Marv Albert was in Seoul covering the Olympics. He retired from broadcasting in December 1992, aged 74.
Autobiography and documentary film
On August 26, 2013, the documentary film Glickman by James L. Freedman was broadcast nationally in the United States. Martin Scorsese, the well-known film director and producer, was one of the film's executive producers. The film was well reviewed in several major newspapers. The film was released as a DVD in 2014.
- Kirsch, George B.; Harris, Othello; Nolte, Claire Elaine (April 2000). Encyclopedia of Ethnicity and Sports in the United States. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 190. ISBN 0-313-29911-0.
- Wallace, William (January 4, 2001). "Marty Glickman, Announcer And Blocked Olympian, 83". New York Times.
- Large, David Clay (2007). Nazi Games: The Olympics of 1936. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. pp. 241–243. ISBN 978-0-393-05884-0.
- Greenspan, Bud (August 9, 1981). "Why Jesse Owens Won 4 Gold Medals". The New York Times. "Wykoff, who died in 1980, said: 'We hadn't worked with Jesse or Ralph at all. I think that if Glickman and Stoller had run, we would have had just as fast a time, if not faster.'" Greenspan wrote and directed a television documentary series The Olympiad (22 hours, 1976).
- "Mistake of 1936 Olympic Games Not Forgotten". The Los Angeles Times. March 29, 1998. Associated Press report.
- Eskenazi, Gerald (March 30, 1998). "OLYMPICS; Glickman, Shut Out of 1936 Games, Is Honored at Last". The New York Times.
- Glickman, Marty; Isaacs, Stan (September 1999). The Fastest Kid on the Block: The Marty Glickman Story. Syracuse University Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0815605744.
- Isaacs, Stan (2001). "The Passing of a Giant". Archived from the original on 2013-09-23.
- Sandomir, Richard (January 7, 2001). "MARTY GLICKMAN: 1917–2001 – The Snub, the Voice, the Heart; A Precise, Animated Diction That Captivated the Listener". New York Times.
- Each year there are two Gowdy awards. One is for "electronic" media, and has been given primarily to radio and television sportscasters. Gowdy and Glickman received their awards to honor their long careers as sports announcers. The second is for "print" media. See "Curt Gowdy Media Award Winners". Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-10-19.
- Glickman at the Internet Movie Database
- Linden, Sheri (August 15, 2013). "Review: 'Glickman' an affectionate portrait of Marty Glickman". The Los Angeles Times.
- Harvey, Dennis (February 20, 2012). "Review: ‘Glickman’". Variety. "Pic’s adherence to chronological order means that the most dramatic material (re: the Olympics) is over with fairly quickly. And the packaging, while pro, makes scant effort at creating narrative momentum or a distinctive texture; pacing is brisk but unvaried. Still, the wealth of events and personalities noted here make “Glickman” a sporting history buff’s delight."
- Best, Neil (August 26, 2013). "Who's Marty Glickman? New HBO documentary will tell you". Newsday. "Freedman does so in an elegant 75-minute account during which he intentionally followed the Glickman mantra of succinctness, paring the narration to its essential parts."
- Shattuck, Kathryn (August 29, 2013). "What’s on Thursday". The New York Times.
- Freedman, James L. (February 1, 2014). Glickman (DVD). HBO Home Entertainment. OCLC 876188247.