Martyrs' Day (India)
30 January is the date observed at the national level. The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948. On Martyr’s Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-colour flowers. The armed forces personnel blow bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverse arms as a mark of respect. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country at 11 AM. Participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributary bhajan
This date marks the death of Dr. Syama Prasad Mukherjee in Kashmir in 1953. also observed as “National Integration Day”. He opposed the Indian National Congress's decision to grant Kashmir a special status with its own flag and Prime Minister. According to that decision no one, including the President of India could enter Kashmir without the permission of Kashmir's Prime Minister. In opposition to this decision, he once said "Ek desh mein do Vidhan, do Pradhan aur Do Nishan nahi challenge" (A single country can't have two constitutions, two prime ministers, and two National Emblems). As part of a protest mission Dr. Mukherjee went to visit Kashmir in 1953 and was arrested on 11 May while crossing Kashmir Border at Lakhanpur. Thereafter, he was jailed in a dilapidated house, where he suffered from serious health problems due to wiulful neglect and living conditions. He died as detainee under mysterious circumstances which raised wide suspicion, controversies and turmoil across the country that remains suspected and alleged as a vengeful conspiracy by Sheikh Abdullah and Nehru.
The birthday of Rani Lakshmibai, 19 November, 1828, queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, is observed as Martyrs' Day in the region, and honours those who gave their lives in the rebellion of 1857, of which she was a leading figure.
- Martyrs' Day from the Indian government Press Information Bureau
- "The muffled voice of rebellion". The Statesman. 29 March 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai" (pdf). Government of Orissa. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- "Rani of Jhansi birthday". South Asian Research Centre for Advertisement, Journalism, and Cartoons. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2011.