Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

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Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Secretary-General Vaiko
Lok Sabha leader Ganesamoorthy
Founded May 6, 1994
Headquarters Thaayagam, Egmore, Chennai
Labour wing Marumalarchi Labour Front
Ideology Social democracy
Alliance National Democratic Alliance (1998-2004, 2014-2014)
United Progressive Alliance (2004-2008)
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 545
Election symbol
MDMK Top.png
Politics of India
Political parties

Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) is a political party active in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry. It was established by Vaiko in 1994.


Formation of MDMK[edit]

Vaiko was a member of Rajyasabha and a party activist of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam. Vaiko grew in the party from his student days and actively participated in the party agitations and courted imprisonment several times. He was elected thrice to the Rajya Sabha and attracted the attention of many in parliament. In 1994, he was forced out of the parent body as he was seen as a threat to DMK chief Karunanidhi's son M.K. Stalin. Vaiko along with some district secretaries announced the decision to start rival DMK ultimately leading to naming of the part as MDMK.

Support to LTTE[edit]

Vaiko's sympathy for the cause of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam is widely known. He visited to the Jungles in vavuniya to meet LTTE supremo Velupillai Prabhakaran.

Support to Mullai periyar Dam[edit]

Kerala government was keen in demolishing mullai periyar dam, this dam is the prime source for irrigation for more than 8 districts including theni. Only MDMK party fought for Tamils rights in mullai periyar Dam issue

Split in MDMK[edit]

With the looming possibility of a vote of confidence in Parliament against UPA, two party MPs, L Ganesan and Ginjee N Ramachandran, claimed that they enjoy the support of the majority of party cadre and decided to pledge support to the UPA government. They later withdrew their claim and joined DMK when it was found that they had forged letters of support of party executives.[1]

Boycott of Assembly Election 2011[edit]

Due to issues in seat sharing, MDMK quit the ADMK Alliance and boycotted the Assembly elections 2011 of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.

Sanchi Protest[edit]

To Protest the Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa visit to Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. Vaiko and his party members traveled to Sanchi. People who traveled through roadways were stopped by the police near Gadchiroli. Some party member tried to reach the spot by rail and air but they were detained by police before reaching Sanchi.[2]

2014 Lok Sabha Election[edit]

MDMK will be fighting Lok Sabha Election through an alliance with BJP led NDA.[3] DMDK, PMK led Social Democratic Alliance are the other allies of NDA in Tamil Nadu. MDMK contesting in these below constituencies in 2014 Lok Sabha elections

MDMK snap ties with NDA[edit]

MDMK snapped its ties with BJP,just after six months from 2014 lok sabha election, accusing BJP of acting against Tamil Interests. Even BJP didn't try to assuage MDMK regarding snapping of ties, which many people attribute to Dr.Swamy's lobbying against MDMK. Earlier the month Dr.Swamy of BJP made a strong pitch against Vaiko accusing him of acting against national Interest for his regional political benefits.[4]

Party flag and symbol[edit]

The color of the top and bottom panel is red and middle panel is black. Election symbol is top. The party has a weekly journal "Sangoli" which carries news and write ups for party workers.[5]

Election history[edit]

Tamil Nadu[edit]

Year General Election Votes Polled Seats Won Alliance with
1996 11th Assembly 1,569,168 0 without alliance
1996 11th Lok Sabha 1,222,415 0 with CPI(M)
1998 12th Lok Sabha 1,602,504 3 NDA (with BJP + ADMK)
1999 13th Lok Sabha 1,620,527 4 NDA (With BJP + DMK)
2001 12th Assembly 1,304,469 0 without alliance
2004 14th Lok Sabha 1,679,870 4 UPA (DMK+Congress+CPI+CPI(M))
2006 13th Assembly 1,971,565 6 With ADMK
2009 15th Lok Sabha 1,112,908 1 3rd front (with CPI,CPI(M),ADMK)
2011 14th Assembly Did not contest
2014 16th Lok Sabha 1,417,535 0 NDA (DMDK+BJP+PMK+KMDK+IJK)


Year General Election Votes Polled Seats Won
1996 9th Assembly 14,657 0
1996 11th Lok Sabha 13,397 0
2001 10th Assembly 4,910 0
2006 11th Assembly 1


External links[edit]