Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line

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     Marunouchi Line
Subway TokyoMarunouchi.pngSubway TokyoMarunouchi b.png
Marunouchi Line 02-102 Korakuen 20100305.jpg
Overview
Type Rapid transit
Locale Tokyo
Termini Ogikubo
Ikebukuro
Stations 28 (including branch line)
Daily ridership 1,089,257 (2010)[1]
Operation
Opening January 20, 1954
Owner Tokyo Metro
Depot(s) Koishikawa, Nakano
Rolling stock Tokyo Metro 02 series
Technical
Line length 27.4 km (17.0 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 600 V DC, third rail
Operating speed 75 km/h (47 mph)
Route map
Tokyo metro Marunouchi Line.png

The Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (東京地下鉄丸ノ内線 Tōkyō Chikatetsu Marunouchi-sen?) is a subway line of the Tokyo Metro system in Tokyo, Japan. The line runs in a U-shape between Ogikubo Station in Suginami and Ikebukuro Station in Toshima, with a branch line between Nakano-Sakaue Station and Hōnanchō Station. The official name is Line 4 Marunouchi Line (4号線丸ノ内線 Yon-gōsen Marunouchi-sen?).

Overview[edit]

The Marunouchi Line is the second line to be built in the city, and the first one constructed after the Second World War. The route is U-shaped, running from Ogikubo Station in the west of the city via the commercial and administrative district of Shinjuku through to the Marunouchi commercial center around Tokyo Station, before turning back and heading to Ikebukuro.

The Marunouchi Line is served by Tokyo Metro 02 series rolling stock in six-car trains on the main line, and three-car trains on the Hōnanchō branch. The main line is the most frequent subway line in Tokyo, with trains running at intervals of 1 minute 50 seconds during peak hours. In spite of such high-frequency service, according to a 2008 survey by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism the Marunouchi Line is one of the most crowded railway lines in Tokyo, running at 157% capacity between Shin-ōtsuka and Myōgadani stations.[2] Its age and relatively short train length has made it one of the most crowded lines in Tokyo, although the 2000 opening of the Toei Ōedo Line has relieved the problem somewhat. In response to crowding, Tokyo Metro upgraded all stations with chest-high platform doors on March 28, 2009, a date on which it also began driver-only operation . The Hōnanchō branch switched to driver-only operation in July 2004.[3]

Due to the age of the Marunouchi Line and the relative shallowness at which it runs, at several points in central Tokyo trains run at or above ground level. These include Yotsuya Station, the Kanda River near Ochanomizu Station (see image), and between Kōrakuen and Myōgadani stations.

On maps, diagrams and signboards, the line is shown using the color "red" (). Its stations are given numbers using the letter M; Hōnanchō branch line stations carry a lowercase m.

Station list[edit]

All stations located in Tokyo.

Main Line[edit]

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
From M-01
M-01 Ogikubo 荻窪 - 0.0 Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line Suginami
M-02 Minami-Asagaya 南阿佐ケ谷 1.5 1.5  
M-03 Shin-Kōenji 新高円寺 1.2 2.7  
M-04 Higashi-Kōenji 東高円寺 0.9 3.6  
M-05 Shin-Nakano 新中野 1.0 4.6   Nakano
M-06 Nakano-Sakaue 中野坂上 1.1 5.7 Subway TokyoMarunouchi b.png Marunouchi Line (for Hōnanchō; some trains through to Nakano-Fujimichō)
Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-30)
M-07 Nishi-Shinjuku 西新宿 1.1 6.8   Shinjuku
M-08 Shinjuku 新宿 0.8 7.6 Subway TokyoShinjuku.png Toei Shinjuku Line (S-01), Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-27, Shinjuku-Nishiguchi: E-01)
Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line, Yamanote Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line, Saikyō Line
Keiō Line, Keiō New Line
Odakyū Odawara Line
Seibu Shinjuku Line (Seibu-Shinjuku)
M-09 Shinjuku-Sanchōme 新宿三丁目 0.3 7.9 Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-13)
Subway TokyoShinjuku.png Toei Shinjuku Line (S-02)
M-10 Shinjuku-Gyoemmae 新宿御苑前 0.7 8.6  
M-11 Yotsuya-Sanchōme 四谷三丁目 0.9 9.5  
M-12 Yotsuya 四ツ谷 1.0 10.5 Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-08)
Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line
M-13 Akasaka-Mitsuke 赤坂見附 1.3 11.8 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-05), Subway TokyoYurakucho.png Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Nagatachō: Y-16), Subway TokyoHanzomon.png Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line (Nagatachō: Z-04), Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (Nagatachō: N-07) Minato
M-14 Kokkai-Gijidō-mae 国会議事堂前 0.9 12.7 Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-07), Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (Tameike-Sannō: G-06), Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (Tameike-Sannō: N-06) Chiyoda
M-15 Kasumigaseki 霞ケ関 0.7 13.4 Subway TokyoHibiya.png Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-06), Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-08)
M-16 Ginza 銀座 1.0 14.4 Subway TokyoGinza.png Tokyo Metro Ginza Line (G-09), Subway TokyoHibiya.png Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line (H-08)
Underground passage to Higashi-Ginza, Hibiya, Yūrakuchō stations
Chūō
M-17 Tōkyō 東京 1.1 15.5 Tōhoku Shinkansen, Akita Shinkansen, Yamagata Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen, Nagano Shinkansen, Yamanote Line, Chūō Main Line, Tōkaidō Main Line, Sōbu Main Line, Yokosuka Line, Keiyō Line, Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Chiyoda
M-18 Ōtemachi 大手町 0.6 16.1 Subway TokyoTozai.png Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line (T-09), Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-11), Subway TokyoHanzomon.png Tokyo Metro Hanzōmon Line (Z-08)
Subway TokyoMita.png Toei Mita Line (I-09)
M-19 Awajichō 淡路町 0.9 17.0 Subway TokyoChiyoda.png Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (Shin-Ochanomizu: C-12)
Subway TokyoShinjuku.png Toei Shinjuku Line (Ogawamachi: S-07)
M-20 Ochanomizu 御茶ノ水 0.8 17.8 Chūō Line (Rapid), Chūō-Sōbu Line Bunkyō
M-21 Hongō-Sanchōme 本郷三丁目 0.8 18.6 Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-08)
M-22 Kōrakuen 後楽園 0.8 19.4 Subway TokyoNamboku.png Tokyo Metro Namboku Line (N-11)
Subway TokyoMita.png Toei Mita Line (Kasuga: I-12), Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (Kasuga: E-07)
M-23 Myōgadani 茗荷谷 1.8 21.2  
M-24 Shin-Ōtsuka 新大塚 1.2 22.4  
M-25 Ikebukuro 池袋 1.8 24.2 Subway TokyoYurakucho.png Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line (Y-09), Subway TokyoFukutoshin.png Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line (F-09)
Yamanote Line, Saikyō Line, Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Seibu Ikebukuro Line
Tōbu Tōjō Line
Toshima

Branch Line[edit]

No. Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers Location
Between
stations
Total
m-03 Hōnanchō 方南町 - 0.0   Suginami
m-04 Nakano-Fujimichō 中野富士見町 1.3 1.3   Nakano
m-05 Nakano-Shimbashi 中野新橋 0.6 1.9  
M-06 Nakano-Sakaue 中野坂上 1.3 3.2 Subway TokyoMarunouchi.png Tokyo Metro Marunouchi Line (for Ikebukuro and Ogikubo; some trains through)
Subway TokyoOedo.png Toei Ōedo Line (E-30)

Rolling stock[edit]

An 02 series EMU at Yotsuya Station, June 2007

All trains are based at Koishikawa and Nakano Depots.

Former[edit]

  • Eidan 300/400/500/900 series (from 1954 until 1996, later sold and exported for use on Line B of the Buenos Aires Metro)
  • Tokyo Rapid Railway 100 series (from 1962 until 1968, transferred from Ginza Line, used for Hōnanchō branch only)
  • Eidan 2000 series (from 1968 until 1981, used for Hōnanchō branch only)

History[edit]

Opening ceremony at Ikebukuro in 1954

The Marunouchi Line is the second subway line to be built in the city, and the first to be constructed after the Second World War. Its design is similar to that of the Ginza Line, the oldest subway line in Tokyo. Both lines are standard gauge and use third-rail power, unlike the other Tokyo subway lines.

The first section was opened between Ikebukuro and Ochanomizu on 20 January 1954. The subsequent progress of the line was as follows:

  • Ochanomizu to Awajichō: March 1956
  • Awajichō to Tokyo: July 1956
  • Tokyo to Nishi-Ginza (now Ginza): December 1957
  • Nishi-Ginza to Kasumigaseki: October 1958
  • Kasumigaseki to Shinjuku: March 1959
  • Shinjuku to Shin-Nakano/Nakano-Fujumichō (not Nishi-Shinjuku): February 1961
  • Shin-Nakano to Minami-Asagaya (not Higashi-Kōenji): November 1961
  • Minami-Asagaya to Ogikubo: January 23, 1962
  • Nakano-Fujimichō to Hōnanchō: March 23, 1962
  • Nishi-Ginza becomes part of Ginza when Hibiya Line reaches there: August 1964
  • Higashi-Kōenji opens (between Shin-Nakano and Shin-Kōenji): September 1964
  • Nishi-Shinjuku opens (between Shinjuku and Nakano-Sakaue) May 1996.

Future plans[edit]

The platform-edge doors at Hōnanchō Station, the terminus of the Hōnanchō Branch are due to be lengthened to allow 6-car trains to use the station, with work starting in 2013. Once completed, this will enable through trains to and from Ikebukuro to start operating all the way to Hōnanchō from fiscal 2017.[4]

References[edit]

  • Shaw, Dennis and Morioka, Hisashi, "Tokyo Subways", published 1992 by Hoikusha Publishing
  1. ^ Tokyo Metro station ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Tokyo Metro) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
  2. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/common/000047191.pdf
  3. ^ Tetsudo.com News: 丸ノ内線全線でワンマン運転開始 28日から (17 March 2009). Retrieved on 17 March 2009. (Japanese)
  4. ^ 丸ノ内線、方南町駅へ直通運転開始 東京メトロが17年度から [Tokyo Metro to operate through trains on Marunouchi Line to Hōnanchō Station from fiscal 2017]. Nikkei Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan: Nikkei Inc. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links[edit]