Marus

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For the village in Iran, see Marus, Iran.
Marus
Marus is located in Mandatory Palestine
Marus
Marus
Arabic ماروس
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.5282250°E / 33.0287167; 35.5282250Coordinates: 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.5282250°E / 33.0287167; 35.5282250
Population 93 (1948)
Area
Date of depopulation 26 May 1948/ 30 October 1948[1]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Secondary cause Military assault by Yishuv forces

Marus (Arabic: ماروس‎) was a Palestinian village 7 km northeast of Safad in the District of Safad, that was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram by the Israeli attacking brigade Sheva' Brigade.

History[edit]

Kfar Meroth archaeological site 1st century BCE to 12th century CE synagogue and oldest known beit midrash (study hall) in Israel[citation needed]

In 1596, Marus was part of the Ottoman Empire, a village in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira[disambiguation needed] under the liwa' ("district") of Safad, with a population of 176. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and fruits as well as on goats.[2]

In the British mandate period the village was classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer, and its entire population was Muslim.[3]

In 1944/45, the village had a population of 80, and it cultivated a total of 903 dunums with cereals, while 108 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[4]

1948, and after[edit]

The village was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram.

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, describing the village land in 1992: "The site contains some olive and fig trees as well as stones from ruined homes. The surrounding land is used for grazing."[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xiv, village #41. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  2. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 178. Quoted in Khalidi (1992), p. 475
  3. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 475
  4. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 475, 476
  5. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 476

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]