Marus

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For the village in Iran, see Marus, Iran.
Marus
Marus is located in Mandatory Palestine
Marus
Marus
Arabic ماروس
Name meaning Kh. Marus=the ruin of Marus, where "Marus" comes from a personal name.[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.5282250°E / 33.0287167; 35.5282250Coordinates: 33°01′43.38″N 35°31′41.61″E / 33.0287167°N 35.5282250°E / 33.0287167; 35.5282250
Palestine grid 199/270
Population 93 (1948)
Date of depopulation 26 May 1948/ 30 October 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Secondary cause Military assault by Yishuv forces

Marus (Arabic: ماروس‎) was a Palestinian village 7 km northeast of Safad in the District of Safad, that was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram by the Israeli attacking brigade Sheva' Brigade.

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, Marus was part of the Ottoman Empire, a village in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Jira under the liwa' ("district") of Safad, with a population of 176. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and fruits as well as on goats.[3][4] All the villagers were Muslim.[5]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found major ruins here. He described the place as a destroyed Arab village.[6]

In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found here: "Modern and ancient ruins; a spring in a rock-cut cave, ancient foundations of good-sized stones; the foundations of a small rectangular building to the west of the eastern portion of the ruin. Some rock-cut tombs and many caves in hills around."[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the British mandate period the village was classified as a hamlet by the Palestine Index Gazetteer.[8] In the 1922 census of Palestine, Marus had a population of 45; all Muslims,[9] increasing in the 1931 census to 59, still all Muslims, in a total of 12 houses.[10]

In 1945 the population was 80, and the total land area was 3,183 dunums.[11] Of this, 108 dunums were plantations and irrigable land, 903 used for cereals,[12] while 8 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[13]

1948, and after[edit]

The village was captured by Israel during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war during the Israeli military operation Operation Hiram.

According to the Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, describing the village land in 1992: "The site contains some olive and fig trees as well as stones from ruined homes. The surrounding land is used for grazing."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 84
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #41. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 178. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 475
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied from the Safad-district was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9.
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 178
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 451-2
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 242
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 475
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 108
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 70
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 120
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 170
  14. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 476

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]