Marussia Motors

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Marussia Motors
Founded 2007
Founders Nikolai Fomenko
Andrei Tsheglakov
Jefim Ostrovskiy
Defunct April 2014[1]
Headquarters Moscow, Russia
Key people Nikolai Fomenko (President)
Products Automobiles
Subsidiaries Manor Grand Prix Limited, UK (operating as Marussia F1 Team)
Website MarussiaMotors
The badge used on Marussia's cars.

Marussia Motors (Russian: Маруся [ma´rusja]) was a Russian sports car manufacturer founded in 2007. It was the first Russian manufacturer of super sports cars. It designed, developed and produced the B1 and the B2 sport cars in Russia. Marussia was led by former motor racer Nikolai Fomenko. The Marussia B1 was launched in December 2008 in the new Manege hall in Moscow.

In 2010, it acquired a "significant stake" in the Virgin Racing Formula One team,[2] which was later renamed Marussia F1 from 2012 and competed in Formula One until 2014.[3]

In April 2014, the Marussia Motors company was disbanded, with staff leaving to join a government-run technical institute. The Marussia F1 team continued unaffected as a British entity independent of the Russian car company.[4] However, after filing a notice in the London High Court intending to assign an administrator on 7 October 2014 due to financial difficulties,[5] exactly a month later the appointed administrator announced that Marussia F1 had also ceased trading and folded.[6]

Models[edit]

Marussia B1
Marussia B2
Marussia F2

B1[edit]

The first Russian sports car and first car made by Marussia Motors. It has a rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout. Marussia has announced they will build 2,999 of the car. The car has been produced at the Marussia Motors production facility in Moscow, with the company's first showroom following in the city in September 2010. Structure is light and strong semi-monocoque and powered by Cosworth-built V6 engines developing between 300 and 420 bhp depending on the specification.

Specifications[edit]

ENGINE MARUSSIA-COSWORTH 2,8 TURBO

  • Placement В Mid-mounted
  • Volume 2,8 L turbo
  • Maximum power(hp) 360, 420
  • Max. torque(Nm at rev/min) 520(60000)/4000
  • Type Petrol, turbocharged V6

WEIGHT AND PERFORMANCE

  • Gross vehicle weight (kg) 1100
  • Top speed (km/h) >250
  • Speed Up 0-100 (km/h) 3.8 sec (420 hp)

SUSPENSION

  • Type Independent
  • Front A-arm, “pushrod” scheme
  • Rear A-arm, “pushrod” scheme
  • Hydraulic booster +
  • Disks Ventilated
  • Brake calipers 4-piston
  • EBD +

DIMENSIONS, (MM)

  • Length 4635
  • Width 2000
  • Height 1100
  • Width 2680

TRANSMISSION

  • Drive Rear-wheel
  • Gearbox 6-speed automatic

ENGINE MARUSSIA 3,5

  • Placement В Mid-mounted
  • Volume 3.5 litre
  • Maximum power (hp) 300
  • Max. torque (Nm at rev/min) 410/4000
  • Type Petrol, V-shaped, 6-cylinder naturally aspirated

TYRES

  • Type Pirelli PZero Rosso
  • Front, size 245/35/20
  • Rear, size 285/35/20

FUEL SYSTEM

  • Tank capacity (litre) 80
  • Fuel/octane number Petrol/95

CHASSIS

  • Aluminium semi-monocoque

[7]

B2[edit]

The B2 features a more aggressive and "brutal" design and is available with the same engines as the B1. B2 was first shown to the public at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. The list price of this model was about 100,000 Euro.[8] A total of 500 units were made, which has been sold out in 2012.[9]

Specifications[edit]

ENGINE MARUSSIA-COSWORTH 2.8 TURBO

  • Placement В Mid-mounted
  • Volume 2.8 L turbo
  • Maximum power (hp) 360, 420
  • Max. torque (Nm at rev/min)520(600)/4000
  • Type Petrol, turbocharged V6

DIMENSIONS (mm)

  • Length 4635
  • Width 2000
  • Height 1100
  • Width 2680

SUSPENSION

  • Type Independent
  • Front A-arm, “push rod” scheme
  • Rear A-arm, “push rod” scheme
  • Hydraulic booster+
  • Discs Ventilated
  • Brake calipers 4-piston
  • EBD+

WEIGHT AND PERFORMANCE

  • Gross vehicle weight (kg) 1100
  • Top speed (km/h) >250
  • Speed Up 0-100 (km/h) 3,8 sec (420 hp)

TRANSMISSION

  • Drive Rear-wheel
  • Gearbox 6-speed automatic

ENGINE MARUSSIA 3,5

  • Placement В Mid-mounted
  • Volume 3,5 L
  • Maximum power (hp) 300
  • Max. torque (Nm at rev/min) 410/4000
  • Type Petrol, V-shaped, 6-cylinder naturally aspirated

FUEL SYSTEM

  • Tank capacity (litres) 80
  • Fuel/octane number Petrol/95

TYRES

  • Type Pirelli PZero Rosso
  • Front size245/35/20
  • Rear size285/35/20

CHASSIS

  • Aluminium semi-monocoque

Marussia F2 SUV[edit]

The Marussia F2 is an SUV model. According to Marussia it can be used as a mobile command center, as a military vehicle or as an emergency vehicle. The prototype was shown on May 2, 2010.[10] The SUV model will be made 300 units in 2012 by Valmet Automotive.[11]

Body[edit]

The Marussia B1 and B2 models are based on the same semi-monocoque chassis with a steel spaceframe covered by carbon fibre panels - differing only in body shape.

Engine[edit]

Both Marussia sports models are mid-engined, with the engine mounted transversally on the back axle. The English company Cosworth supplies Marussia with two different V6 engines. One is a naturally aspirated 3.5 litre producing about 300 horsepower and the other is a 2.8 litre turbo-charged engine offered in 360 or 420 horsepower variants. The 420 horsepower engine allows Marussia cars to reach a claimed top speed of 250 km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in just 3.8 seconds.

Transmission[edit]

The B1 and B2 use a six-speed automatic gearbox. A six-speed manual gearbox is in development.[citation needed]

Safety and reliability[edit]

The energy-absorbing cockpit is a three part space frame of steel tubes of different sections. The front and rear subframes are attached to a central cell. In an impact, the subframes are designed to absorb energy by deforming. The B1 and В2 vehicles have passed Russian safety tests and obtained their certification.[citation needed]

Motorsport[edit]

Formula One[edit]

Main article: Marussia F1

Marussia Motors managed their own factory works team after buying into a large stake of the Virgin Racing Formula One team. Later becoming Marussia F1, the team competed between 2012 and part-through 2014. In its first F1 season, it placed 11th in the Constructors' Championship, improving one position to 10th the following year. In 2014, the team participated only up to the Japanese Grand Prix where its lead driver, Jules Bianchi, was involved in a serious accident and suffered a serious head injury. Thanks to Bianchi's exploits at the 2014 Monaco Grand Prix, the team won its first and only 2 points in F1. On 7 October 2014, after a short period under administration, the team ceased its operations and folded.[12]

Plans and prospects[edit]

Marussia Motors had stated that it was its intention to open at least two new showrooms in 2011, with London and Monaco named as probable locations. The company wished to market its cars to large European countries and some in Asia and Australia within several years, with the United States to follow. Planned steps to support this included manufacturing vehicles in Western Europe and increasing its product range. Marussia Motors anticipated presenting 7 models at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show that were to include a new sports coupé, a luxury SUV, a luxury sedan, and a small city car. However, owing to their discontinuation in 2014, the projects never came to fruition. Its legacy in F1 also lasted for two years, after the respective team folded in 2014.

In popular culture[edit]

The Marussia B2 appeared in the racing video games Need for Speed: World, Need for Speed: Most Wanted, Need for Speed Rivals and Driveclub.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All employees of Marussia Motors were dismissed.". wroom.ru. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Russian buys 'significant' stake in Virgin". TheF1Times.com. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "RFIA confirms team name changes for 2012". formula1.com. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Marussia's Graeme Lowdon insists they will still race in F1 despite car company folding
  5. ^ Allen, James (26 October 2014). "Was Marussia’s predicament preordained?". RichlandF1. 
  6. ^ "Marussia F1 team fold after crisis talks". BBC Sport. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Marussia B1". Marussia. 19 January 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Marussia B2 Price Around € 100,000
  9. ^ Russian-Designed Finnish-Built Marussia B2 Sportscar Sold Out
  10. ^ "Marussia F2 SUV is multipurpose vehicle built by a supercar maker - egmCarTech". egmcartech.com. May 13, 2010. Retrieved 6 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Finnish factory to make SUVs for Russia's Marussia -Reports". helsinkitimes.org. Retrieved 2011-09-21. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Marussia F1 team fold after crisis talks". BBC Sport. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

External links[edit]