Marussia F1

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Russia Marussia-Ferrari
Marussia F1.png
Full name Marussia F1 Team
Base Banbury, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Team principal(s) John Booth
Graeme Lowdon
Website marussiaf1team.com
Previous name Marussia Virgin Racing
2014 Formula One season
Race drivers 4. United Kingdom Max Chilton
17. France Jules Bianchi[1]
Test drivers Venezuela Rodolfo González
Cyprus Tio Ellinas
42. United States Alexander Rossi
Chassis MR03[2]
Engine Ferrari[3]
Tyres Pirelli
Formula One World Championship career
Debut 2012 Australian Grand Prix
Latest race 2014 Belgian Grand Prix
Races competed 51
Constructors'
Championships
0
Drivers'
Championships
0
Race victories 0
Pole positions 0
Fastest laps 0
2013 position 10th (0 pts)

The Marussia F1 Team which is currently managed by Manor Motorsport,[4] which is a subsidiary of Marussia Motors sports car marque based in Moscow[5] is an Anglo-Russian Formula One racing team based in Banbury in the United Kingdom.

The team competed as "Marussia" (Russian: Маруся – /məˈrʊsjə/) starting from the 2012 Formula One season, following the purchase of a controlling stake in the team by Russian sports car manufacturer Marussia Motors in late 2010.[6][7] The team had previously competed as "Marussia Virgin Racing" in 2011 and "Virgin Racing" in 2010. The team is the third Formula One team to compete with a Russian racing licence, after Midland and Virgin (which adopted its Russian nationality in 2011 to coincide with Marussia's interest in the team).[8] The team scored their first points ever at the 2014 Monaco Grand Prix, with a ninth place finish for Jules Bianchi.[9]

History[edit]

Background[edit]

See also: Virgin Racing

In 2009, Manor Grand Prix were awarded an entry into Formula One for the 2010 season, as a tie-up between successful junior racing team Manor Motorsport and Wirth Research. Before the end of the year they were renamed as Virgin Racing, after Richard Branson's Virgin Group of companies who had bought the title sponsorship rights. Marussia were one of the team's partners for its debut season, where it finished in twelfth and last place in the constructors' championship. In November 2010 Marussia purchased a controlling stake in the team, and the team became known as 'Marussia Virgin Racing' for the 2011 season.[6][7] Following a disappointing start to the 2011 season, the team parted company with Wirth Research, and entered a relationship with McLaren Applied Technologies ahead of the 2012 season. The team later moved into the old Wirth premises in Banbury, moving from their original base in Dinnington in Yorkshire. Meanwhile, the team again finished the year bottom of the constructors' championship. In November 2011 the team applied to the Formula One commission to formally change their constructor name for the 2012 season from Virgin to Marussia, to reflect their new ownership.[10] Permission was granted before being formally ratified at a meeting of the FIA World Motorsport Council.[11]

2012 season[edit]

On 31 December 2011, Marussia Virgin Racing announced they were now called Marussia F1 Team.[12] Virgin, who had previously been the title sponsor for the team, had announced that they were staying with the team after the name change, with Virgin logos staying on the 2012 car.[13] The team had announced in July 2011 that Timo Glock had signed a new three-year contract with the team.[14] Glock would be joined for the 2012 season by GP2 Series graduate Charles Pic,[15] who spent two days testing with the team at the Young Driver Test in Abu Dhabi.

By 29 September 2011, Marussia already had a 60% scale model of their 2012 car ready for use in the McLaren wind tunnel.[16] By December 2011, the team had received the first parts for the car.[17] The team also announced that the 2012 car will be the only car on the grid not to have KERS.[18] This was however only the case for one weekend. Rival team HRT failed to qualify within the 107% time and were not allowed to race at the season opener in Australia. HRT decided that it was best to remove KERS from the car and focus on successfully qualifying.[19]

Prior to the final testing session for the 2012 season at Barcelona, on 27 February an announcement was made on the team's website, declaring that the new MR01 car had failed the last of the mandatory 18 crash tests required of each car by the FIA.[20] This meant the team would miss the final test session, instead choosing to concentrate on passing the remaining crash test in time for the first race of the year, ensuring that the MR01 would not undergo any significant testing prior to the Australian GP race weekend.

On 5 March 2012, Marussia revealed the new MR01 at Silverstone.[21] The car design was led by technical consultant Pat Symonds. It was the penultimate team to reveal its car in the 2012 season. It was announced late because of the failure of a crash test, which meant that the car could not be used in pre-season testing events. The test was passed before the launch event and before the first race of the 2012 season.

On 3 July 2012, test driver Maria de Villota was testing a car at Duxford Airfield, when she crashed heavily into the lift gate of the team transporter, and sustained serious injuries.[22] She had been performing straight line aerodynamic tests in preparation for the British Grand Prix. On 4 July 2012, it was confirmed that Maria de Villota lost her right eye as a result of the accident.[23] At Spa, the team's 50th Grand Prix as Virgin/Marussia, Charles Pic was fastest in free practice 2 with Timo Glock sixth. Which was the highest ever result in an official F1 session for the team in its history however only 10 drivers set times in heavy rain conditions. In Singapore, Timo Glock produced the best ever race result for Marussia, finishing in 12th place; a result sufficient to elevate Marussia into 10th place in the Constructors' Championship, ahead of Caterham and HRT.

However, at the final race of the season in Brazil, Vitaly Petrov, racing for Caterham, finished the race in 11th place, thus reclaiming 10th place in the Constructors' Championship and the associated prize money for Caterham, demoting Marussia to 11th in the Championship.

2013 season[edit]

On 18 December 2012, Marussia announced that Max Chilton would make his Formula One debut in 2013 after securing the second race seat at the team, making him the fourth different driver in the Marussia/Virgin team.[24] Timo Glock left Marussia before the 2013 season started, for "commercial reasons".[25] Luiz Razia then also followed suit shortly after due to sponsors letting the team down, he has been replaced by Jules Bianchi for the 2013 Formula One season.[26] On 14 March 2013 the team announced Rodolfo González as their reserve driver for the season.[27] For the first race in Australia both cars qualified ahead of rivals Caterham, while at the Malaysian Grand Prix, Bianchi finished the race in thirteenth position.

Throughout the year, Marussia and their nearest rivals Caterham remained at the back of the grid, usually qualifying on the back two rows. They fared better in racing, however, and whilst they failed to score any points, they demonstrated good reliability throughout the season. By the end of the season, they had finished tenth in the constructors championship, ahead of Caterham, earning them significant additional revenue for 2014. English driver Max Chilton became the first rookie driver ever to finish every race in a season.[28]

2014 season[edit]

For 2014, Marussia switched to Ferrari engines.[29] Cosworth elected not to build an engine for the new 2014 regulations.[30] The team retained both Jules Bianchi and Max Chilton as its drivers.[31][32]

At the Monaco Grand Prix, Bianchi scored Marussia's first ever points by finishing ninth in an eventful race.[9]

On 24 July, Alexander Rossi joined the team as a test and reserve driver from Caterham. On 21 August, it was announced he would be replacing Chilton for the Belgian Grand Prix while contractual issues were resolved.[33] However this decision was reversed the following morning during the free practice session.[34]

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Chassis Engine Tyres No. Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Points WCC
2012 MR01 Cosworth CA2012 2.4 V8 P AUS MAL CHN BHR ESP MON CAN EUR GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN KOR IND ABU USA BRA 0 11th
24 Germany Timo Glock 14 17 19 19 18 14 Ret DNS 18 22 21 15 17 12 16 18 20 14 19 16
25 France Charles Pic 15 20 20 Ret Ret Ret 20 15 19 20 20 16 16 16 Ret 19 19 Ret 20 12
2013 MR02 Cosworth CA2013 2.4 V8 P AUS MAL CHN BHR ESP MON CAN GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN KOR JPN IND ABU USA BRA 0 10th
22 France Jules Bianchi 15 13 15 19 18 Ret 17 16 Ret 16 18 19 18 16 Ret 18 20 18 17
23 United Kingdom Max Chilton 17 16 17 20 19 14 19 17 19 17 19 20 17 17 19 17 21 21 19
2014 MR03 Ferrari 059/3 1.6 V6 t P AUS MAL BHR CHN ESP MON CAN AUT GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN RUS USA BRA ABU 2* 9th*
4 United Kingdom Max Chilton 13 15 13 19 19 14 Ret 17 16 17 16 16
17 France Jules Bianchi NC Ret 16 17 18 9 Ret 15 14 15 15 18†

* Season in progress.
Driver failed to finish the race, but was classified as they had completed greater than 90% of the race distance.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jules Bianchi will remain with the Marussia Formula 1 team for 2014". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Marussia_F1Team". @Marussia_F1Team. Twitter, Inc. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014. "Great to see @Jules_Bianchi in the house today, eyeing up the new #MR03. We said "smile" & @Rory_f1 kindly obliged!" 
  3. ^ "Marussia gets Ferrari engines for 2014". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). 16 July 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Terms and Conditions". Marussia F1 Team. Manor Grand Prix Racing. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Manor Grand Prix Racing Limited, InsideView, Retrieved 2012-01-29
  6. ^ a b Noble, Jonathan (11 November 2010). "Russian car maker takes stake in Virgin". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  7. ^ a b Holt, Sarah (11 November 2010). "Russian supercar firm Marussia takes over Virgin Racing". BBC Sport (Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi: BBC). Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "F1 Marussia Virgin Racing team to compete under Russian flag". RIA Novosti. 3 February 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Cooper, Adam (25 May 2014). "Bianchi gives Marussia first-ever points". Foxsports.com (Fox Sports; Fox Entertainment Group). Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Noble, Jonathan (1 November 2011). "Virgin applies for name change to become Marussia". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  11. ^ Cooper, Adam (3 November 2011). "Caterham, Lotus and Marussia name changes approved". Adam Cooper's F1 Blog (WordPress). Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "11:56 PM, 31 December 2011". Twitter. Twitter, Inc. 31 December 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  13. ^ "Virgin staying with team after 2012 name change". Motorsport.com (Motorsport.com, Inc.). Global Motorsport Media. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  14. ^ Strang, Simon (24 July 2011). "Timo Glock has re-signed with Virgin on a new three-year deal". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  15. ^ "Marussia Virgin Racing Completes 2012 Race Driver Line-up". Marussia Virgin Racing (Virgin Racing). 27 November 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  16. ^ "No Formula 1 KERS kit or big jump for Marussia Virgin in 2012". F1SA (Formula One Supporters Association). 29 September 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  17. ^ Noble, Jonathan (6 December 2011). "Virgin Racing team principal John Booth is upbeat about the progress his outfit can make in 2012". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  18. ^ Dodgins, Tony (1 January 2012). "Marussia Virgin Racing". GrandPrix.com. Inside F1, Inc. Retrieved 3 January 2012. "In 2012, however, Virgin will be the only team on the grid without a KERS system, with HRT having extended its Williams gearbox/hydraulics agreement to include the power-boosting device." 
  19. ^ http://www.yallaf1.com/2012/04/04/kers-unlikely-for-hrt-in-2012/
  20. ^ "The MR01: Rollout and Testing Update". Marussia F1 Team. Marussia F1 Team. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  21. ^ http://www.formula1.com/news/headlines/2012/3/13070.html
  22. ^ http://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/news/female-f1-driver-hurt-smash-094023353.html
  23. ^ http://formula-one.speedtv.com/article/f1-skull-surgery-for-maria-de-villota-after-marussia-crash
  24. ^ "Max Chilton seals 2013 Marussia Formula 1 drive". Autosport. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  25. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/formula1/21119720
  26. ^ http://www.marussiaf1team.com/news/745/razia-returns
  27. ^ "In Reserve". marussiaf1team.com (Marussia F1). 14 March 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "Rookie record for Chilton". Sky Sports. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  29. ^ "Marussia gets Ferrari engines for 2014". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). 16 July 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  30. ^ "Marussia consider 2014 Mercedes or Ferrari Formula 1 engine supply option". F1sa.com. 29 March 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  31. ^ "Jules Bianchi will remain with the Marussia Formula 1 team for 2014". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). 3 October 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014. 
  32. ^ Tremayne, Sam; Straw, Edd (11 January 2014). "Max Chilton retains Marussia seat for 2014 Formula 1 season". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 22 January 2014. "Max Chilton will line up alongside Jules Bianchi again in 2014, after Marussia confirmed it will retain the Briton for a second year, making the announcement at AUTOSPORT International" 
  33. ^ "Rossi to race in Spa". Marussia. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014. 
  34. ^ "Chilton to race as Marussia make Belgian U-turn". Formula 1. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 

External links[edit]