Marutea Nord

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Marutea Nord
Marutea Nord.JPG
NASA picture of Marutea Nord Atoll
Marutea Nord is located in French Polynesia
Marutea Nord
Geography
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 17°07′S 143°11′W / 17.117°S 143.183°W / -17.117; -143.183Coordinates: 17°07′S 143°11′W / 17.117°S 143.183°W / -17.117; -143.183
Archipelago Tuamotus
Area 458 km2 (177 sq mi)  (lagoon)
2.7 km² (above water)
Length 42 km (26.1 mi)
Width 17 km (10.6 mi)
Country
 France
Overseas collectivity  French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Tuamotus
Commune Makemo
Demographics
Population Uninhabited[1] (as of 2012)

Marutea, or Taunga tauranga-e-havana, is one of the Tuamotu atolls in French Polynesia. It is located 24 km to the southeast of Makemo Atoll and 30 km southwest of Nihiru Atoll.

Marutea Atoll measures 42 km in length with a maximum width of 17 km. Its lagoon has an area of 458 km² and one pass to enter it. It has a land area of approx 2.7 km2. This atoll is very low and its reef is often awash.

Marutea Atoll is permanently uninhabited.

Marutea Nord should not be confused with Marutea Sud located in the far south-eastern reaches of the Tuamotu Archipelago at 21˚ 30'S., 135˚ 32'W.

History[edit]

Taunga-tauranga-e-havana, the second native name of Marutea, means "the friendly bird that rested and plumed itself on our mast" —so says Marerenui, a native of Faaite Atoll. There is a legend attached to this name, of which only fragments can be obtained.[2]

The first recorded European to arrive to Marutea Atoll was Captain James Cook in 1773. Historically Marutea has appeared as "Furneaux Island" in some maps.

Administration[edit]

Marutea Nord belongs to the commune of Makemo, which consists of the atolls of Makemo, Haraiki, Marutea Nord, Katiu, Tuanake, Hiti, Tepoto Sud, Raroia, Takume, Taenga and Nihiru.

NASA picture of Marutea Atoll.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Journal of the Polynesian Society: Names Of The Paumotu Islands, By J.L. Young, P 264-268

External links[edit]