This is a good article. Click here for more information.
Page semi-protected

Marvel Cinematic Universe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Marvel Cinematic Universe
Marvel Cinematic Universe logo.png
Marvel Cinematic Universe intertitle from Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe (2014).
Creator Marvel Studios
Original work Iron Man (2008)
Print publications
Comics Marvel Cinematic Universe
tie-in comics
Films and television
Films Marvel Cinematic Universe films
Short films Marvel One-Shots
Television series Marvel Cinematic Universe television series
Television specials See below
Miscellaneous
Live attractions See below

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is an American media franchise and shared fictional universe that is centered on a series of superhero films, independently produced by Marvel Studios and based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The franchise has expanded to include comic books, short films, and television series. The shared universe, much like the original Marvel Universe in comic books, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters. Clark Gregg has appeared the most in the franchise, portraying Phil Coulson, a character original to the MCU.

The first film released in the MCU was Iron Man (2008), which began the first phase of films, culminating in Marvel's The Avengers (2012). "Phase Two" began with Iron Man 3 (2013), and is set to conclude with Ant-Man (2015). Marvel is also preparing "Phase Three", beginning with the release of Captain America: Civil War (2016). The universe began to expand with the release of the first official tie-in comics in 2010, and saw further expansion with the Marvel One-Shots direct-to-video short films in 2011 and the TV series Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. in the 2013–14 season. Marvel has multiple films and television projects in various stages of development.

The franchise as a whole ranks as the highest-grossing film franchise both in the United States and worldwide, and has inspired other film studios with comic book character film rights to attempt to create similar shared universes.

Development

"It is daunting but it's fun. It's never been done before and that's kind of the spirit everybody's taking it in. The other filmmakers aren't used to getting actors from other movies that other filmmakers have cast, certain plot lines that are connected or certain locations that are connected, but I think... everyone was on board for it and thinks that it's fun. Primarily because we've always remained consistent saying that the movie that we are making comes first. All of the connective tissue, all of that stuff is fun and is going to be very important if you want it to be. If the fans want to look further and find connections, then they're there. There are a few big ones obviously, that hopefully the mainstream audience will able to follow as well. But... the reason that all the filmmakers are on board is that their movies need to stand on their own. They need to have a fresh vision, a unique tone, and the fact that they can interconnect if you want to follow those breadcrumbs is a bonus."

Kevin Feige, President of Production for Marvel Studios, on constructing a shared film universe.[1]

By 2005, Marvel Studios began planning to independently produce its own films and distribute them through Paramount Pictures.[2] Previously, the studio had co-produced several superhero films with Columbia Pictures, New Line Cinema and others, including a seven-year development deal with 20th Century Fox.[3] Marvel Studios made relatively little profit from its licensing deals with other studios and wanted to get more money out of its films while maintaining artistic control of the projects and distribution.[4] Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige realized that unlike Spider-Man and the X-Men, whose film rights were licensed to Columbia and Fox respectively, Marvel still owned the rights to the core members of The Avengers. Feige, a self-professed fanboy, envisioned creating a shared universe just as creators Stan Lee and Jack Kirby had done with their comic books in the early 1960s.[5] To raise capital, the studio secured funding from a seven-year, $525 million revolving credit facility with Merrill Lynch.[4] Marvel's plan was to release individual films for their main characters and then merge them together in a crossover film.[6] Feige initially referred to the shared narrative continuity of these films as the "Marvel Cinema Universe",[7] but later used the term "Marvel Cinematic Universe".[8] Marvel has designated the Marvel Cinematic Universe as Earth-199999 within the continuity of the company's multiverse, a collection of fictional alternate universes.[9]

Kevin Feige was an early visionary for the franchise, realizing a shared media universe could be created with properties Marvel owned.

In November 2013, Feige said that "in an ideal world" releases each year would include one film based on an existing character and one featuring a new character, saying it's "a nice rhythm" in that format. While not always the case, as evident by the 2013 releases of Iron Man 3 and Thor: The Dark World, he said it is "certainly something to aim for."[10] Feige expanded on this in July 2014, saying, "I don't know that we'll keep to [that model] every year," but we're doing that in 2014 and 2015. "So I think it would be fun to continue that sort of thing. I don't know that we will [do that] all the time, but as a general model, I think that would be fun."[11] In February 2014, Feige stated that Marvel Studios wants to mimic the "rhythm" that the comic books have developed, by having the characters appear in their own films, and then come together, much like "a big event or crossover series,"[12] with Avengers films acting as "big, giant linchpins."[13] After the reveal of multiple release dates for films through 2019 in July 2014,[14] Feige stated, "I think if you look at some of those dates that we've announced, we're going to three in a few of those years. Again, not because there's a number cruncher telling us to go to three, do more than two pictures a year, but because of the very reason just laid out: It is about managing [existing] franchises, film to film, and when we have a team ready to go, why tell them to go away for four years just because we don't have a slot? We'd rather find a way to keep that going."[15] After the titles were revealed in October 2014,[16] Feige said, "the studio’s firing on all cylinders right now... which made us comfortable for the first time... to increase to three films a year [in 2017 and 2018] instead of just two, without changing our methods."[17]

On expanding the characters in the universe and letting individual films breathe and work on their own, as opposed to having Avenger team-ups outside of those films, Feige stated, it’s about "Teaching the general movie going audience about the notion of the characters existing separately, coming together for specific events and going away and existing separately in their own worlds again. Just like comic readers have been doing for decades and decades... People sort of are accepting that there's just a time when they should be together and there’s a time when they’re not."[18] In April 2014, Feige revealed that Edgar Wright's pitch for Ant-Man in 2006 helped shape the early films of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, saying, "We changed, frankly, some of the MCU to accommodate this version of Ant-Man. Knowing what we wanted to do with Edgar and with Ant-Man, going years and years back, helped to dictate what we did with the roster for Avengers the first time. It was a bit of both in terms of his idea for the Ant-Man story influencing the birth of the MCU in the early films leading up to Avengers."[19]

In October 2014, Marvel held a press event to announce the titles of their Phase Three films.[16] The event, which drew comparisons to Apple's Worldwide Developers Conference,[20] was done because all the information was ready. As Feige explained, "We wanted to do this at [San Diego] Comic-Con this year. Things were not set... So the plan has been, since a few weeks before Comic-Con when we realized we weren’t going to be able to do everything we wanted to do, is to decide 'let's do either something we haven’t done in a long time, or something we've never done.' Which is a singular event, just to announce what we have when it's ready. I thought that might be early August, or mid-September, it ended up being [at the end of October]."[17]

Business practices

Marvel Studios developed specific business practices to create its shared universe. For example, when the studio hired Kenneth Branagh and Joe Johnston to direct Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger, respectively, it made sure both directors were open to the idea of a shared universe, and that they would have to include Avengers set-up scenes in their films.[5] Joe Russo, one of the directors of Captain America: The Winter Soldier added, "That's the exciting component of [incorporating references to the larger universe]. 'What can we set up for the future?' You're constantly pitching out ideas that not only affect your movie, but may have a ripple effect that affects other films... It's a weird sort of tapestry of writers and directors working together to create this universe that's sort of organic."[18] Joe's brother and co-director, Anthony, added, "The great thing about the Marvel [Cinematic Universe], just like the publishing [arm], it’s a very vast, inter-connected universe, where characters will have their rise and fall, so to speak, and hand off to other characters. As the cinematic universe moves forward, you may start to see the cinematic universe adopt that same pattern, as the publishing has, where there’s closure with some characters and new beginnings with other characters. How those hand-offs are made is always part of the fun.”[21] Anthony also said, that in order for directors to "fit" in at Marvel, they must "understand how [to] take a larger story and wrangle in [sic] into a moment, yet keep [it] connected."[18] On allowing directors and writers to work within Marvel's shared universe concept, Joe Russo said, "I think the way Kevin [Feige] does it is there are big pieces that he knows he wants to build towards, but the way that you get there is open to interpretation and improv a little bit. That’s defined by who gets involved with the project, the writers and directors involved in the project." For the Russos in The Winter Soldier, they had to deal with the idea of S.H.I.E.L.D. being infiltrated by Hydra and thus subsequently falling, with Joe saying, "how we get there is all up to us. And I think why Marvel has been so successful is because it’s been such a clear plan, that everything is interconnected and they’re building emotional capital with each movie that you can then trade off of in the next film."[22]

The studio chose filmmakers that were considered "out-of-left-field", given their previous work. Feige remarked, "You don't have to have directed a big, giant visual-effects movie to do a big, giant visual-effects movie for us. You just have to have done something singularly sort of awesome,"[23] adding "It's worked out well for us when we've taken people [such as Jon Favreau, Joss Whedon, Branagh and the Russo brothers,] that have done very, very good things. Very rarely are one of those good things a big giant blockbuster superhero movie."[24] Marvel also began contracting their actors for multiple films, including signing actor Samuel L. Jackson to a then "unprecedented" nine-movie contract.[25] In July 2014, Feige said that the studio has all actors sign contracts for multiples films, with the norm being for 3 or more, and the 9 or 12 film deals "more rare".[26] In August 2014, Vincent D'Onofrio, Wilson Fisk in Daredevil, said, "The thing about Marvel is that they’re not–they’re into real acting. They’re looking for artists that are willing to take chances and are willing to create characters, even if that character has been around for years and years in comic books, they still are depending on us to create something and take it somewhere else."[27]

In August 2012, Marvel signed Joss Whedon to an exclusive contract through June 2015 for film and television. With the deal, Whedon would "contribute creatively" on Phase Two of the MCU.[28] In March 2013, Whedon expanded on his consulting responsibilities, saying, "I understand what Kevin [Feige] is going for and where he’s heading, and I read the scripts and watch cuts and talk to the directors and writers and give my opinion. Occasionally there could be some writing. But I’m not trying to get in anybody’s soup, I’m just trying to be helpful. Every time you work on a project it’s a little vacation from the project you’re working on the other 23 hours. That’s the thing – it replenishes you to do something else. And they’re very aware that if I’m too tired or busy to help with anything, that’s fine. But if I can help and not get in the way of the actual filmmakers, that’s what I’m going to do."[29] Whedon later elaborated that "Since the story has already been approved and everybody knows what we're doing with Avengers 2, we can really lay it out. It's not like anyone's saying "well I don't know, what if I need that?" It's like "doing this is troublesome for us, whereas doing this will actually help us." It's a dance, but I had to do it on [The Avengers] too. You want to honor the events of the last movie but you don't want to be beholden to them, because some people will see Avengers[: Age of Ultron] who did not see any of the movies inbetween or even Avengers 1." He also found working in television and script doctoring to be "great training ground[s] for dealing with this ... because you're given a bunch of pieces and told to make them fit - even if they don't."[30]

Distributors

Over time, the distribution rights to Marvel Studios' films changed hands on multiple occasions. In November 2006, Universal Pictures announced that it would distribute The Incredible Hulk,[31] in an arrangement separate from Marvel's 2005 deal with Paramount deal, which was distributing Marvel's other films.[2] In September 2008, after the international success of Iron Man, Paramount signed a deal to have worldwide distribution rights for Iron Man 2, Iron Man 3, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and The Avengers.[32] In late December 2009, The Walt Disney Company purchased Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion. In October 2010, The Walt Disney Studios bought the distribution rights for Marvel's The Avengers and Iron Man 3 from Paramount Pictures,[33] with Paramount's logo remaining on the films, as well as for promotional material and merchandise.[34][35] (Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures is the only studio credited at the end of these films.)[36] Disney has since then distributed all subsequent Marvel Studios films.[37] In July 2013, Disney purchased the distribution rights to Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger from Paramount.[38] The Incredible Hulk was not part of the deal, due to an agreement between Marvel and Universal, where Marvel owns the film rights and Universal owns the distribution rights, for this and any future Hulk film.[39] In February 2015, Sony Pictures Entertainment and Marvel Studios announced a licensing deal that would allow Spider-Man to appear in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, with the character first appearing in Captain America: Civil War.[40][41] Marvel Studios will also explore opportunities to integrate other characters of the Marvel Cinematic Universe into future Spider-Man films financed, distributed and controlled by Sony Pictures.[40]

Expansion to other media

Marvel is complicated in that we’re part of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and so after [running something by Jeph] Loeb we’ll run it through New York, Joe Quesada, Dan Buckley and those guys. We pitch our stuff to Kevin Feige and his movie group to see if there’s something we can tie into, to see if they’re okay about us using a character, or a weapon or some other cool thing. Everything is interconnected, and that’s really what we have to pay the most attention to. It’s challenging but fun as we try to lace some Easter egg in, something that ties into a movie or, if not, at least the comics so fans can find those little things that nobody else knows about.

Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. executive producer Jeffrey Bell in September 2014, explaining the process of working in with the MCU[42]

In 2010, the first official tie-in comic was released. Marvel Entertainment CCO Joe Quesada outlined his plan to expand the MCU into comic books in November 2010, saying, "[F]or the uninitiated, the MCU [comics] are going to be stories set within movie continuity. [They are] not necessarily direct adaptations of the movies, but maybe something that happened off screen and was mentioned in the movie, and we'll tell that story... [T]he folks that are involved in the movies on the West Coast will be involved in these stories. It won't be like one of our comic book writers saw the movie and has an idea for a story. No, these stories are originating at the very top. Kevin Feige is involved with these and in some cases maybe the writers of the movies would be involved in... generating these ideas and then either just giving them to some of our writers or maybe some of these guys writing them themselves."[43]

In August 2011, Marvel announced a series of direct-to-video short films called Marvel One-Shots. Co-producer Brad Winderbaum said "It's a fun way to experiment with new characters and ideas, but more importantly it's a way for us to expand the Marvel Cinematic Universe and tell stories that live outside the plot of our features."[44] Each short film is designed to be a self-contained story that provides more backstory for characters or events introduced in the films.[45]

By July 2012, Marvel began considering expanding to television after the positive response to Marvel's The Avengers, with the series that eventually became known as Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.[46][47] By September 2013, Marvel was once again developing another series due to positive reception from one of their properties, this time due to the Agent Carter One-Shot,[48] eventually becoming the series Marvel's Agent Carter.[49] In November 2013, it was announced that Marvel and Netflix would air the series Marvel's Daredevil,[50] Marvel's A.K.A. Jessica Jones,[51] Marvel's Luke Cage,[52] and Marvel's Iron Fist, leading to a crossover miniseries, Marvel's The Defenders.[53][54]

In March 2015, Marvel's Vice President of Animation Development and Production, Cort Lane, stated that animated tie-ins to the MCU were "in the works".[55]

Films

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status
Phase One: Avengers Assembled[56]
Iron Man May 2, 2008 (2008-05-02) Jon Favreau[57] Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway[57][58] Avi Arad and Kevin Feige Released
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 (2008-06-13) Louis Leterrier[59] Zak Penn[60] Avi Arad, Gale Anne Hurd and Kevin Feige
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 (2010-05-07) Jon Favreau[61] Justin Theroux[62] Kevin Feige
Thor May 6, 2011 (2011-05-06) Kenneth Branagh[63] Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz and Don Payne[64]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 (2011-07-22) Joe Johnston[65] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[66]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 (2012-05-04) Joss Whedon[67]
Phase Two[17][56]
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 (2013-05-03) Shane Black[68] Drew Pearce and Shane Black[68][69] Kevin Feige Released
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 (2013-11-08) Alan Taylor[70] Christopher Yost and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[71]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 (2014-04-04) Anthony and Joe Russo[72] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[73]
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 (2014-08-01) James Gunn[74] James Gunn and Nicole Perlman[75]
Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 (2015-05-01) Joss Whedon[76]
Ant-Man July 17, 2015[77] Peyton Reed[78] Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish and Adam McKay & Paul Rudd[79] Post-production
Phase Three[17][80]
Captain America: Civil War May 6, 2016[16] Anthony and Joe Russo[81] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[81] Kevin Feige Filming
Doctor Strange November 4, 2016[16] Scott Derrickson[82] Jon Spaihts[83] Pre-production
Guardians of the Galaxy 2 May 5, 2017[16] James Gunn[75] In development
Untitled Spider-Man film July 28, 2017[40] TBA Kevin Feige and Amy Pascal
Thor: Ragnarok November 3, 2017[84] TBA Craig Kyle and Christopher Yost[85] Kevin Feige
Avengers: Infinity War – Part 1 May 4, 2018[16] Anthony and Joe Russo[86] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[87]
Black Panther July 6, 2018[84] TBA Mark Bailey[88]
Captain Marvel November 2, 2018[84] TBA Nicole Perlman & Meg LeFauve[89]
Avengers: Infinity War – Part 2 May 3, 2019[16] Anthony and Joe Russo[86] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[87]
Inhumans July 12, 2019[84] TBA Joe Robert Cole[90]

Television series

Series Season Episodes Originally aired/streamed Showrunner(s)
First aired Last aired
ABC series
Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. 1 22 September 24, 2013 (2013-09-24) May 13, 2014 (2014-05-13) Jed Whedon, Maurissa Tancharoen and Jeffrey Bell[91]
2 22 September 23, 2014 (2014-09-23) May 12, 2015 (2015-05-12)
3 22[92] September 2015[92] TBA TBA
Marvel's Agent Carter 1 8 January 6, 2015 (2015-01-06) February 24, 2015 (2015-02-24) Tara Butters, Michele Fazekas and Chris Dingess[93]
2 10[94] Early 2016[95] TBA TBA
Netflix series
Marvel's Daredevil 1 13 April 10, 2015 (2015-04-10) Steven S. DeKnight[50]
2 TBA 2016[96] Doug Petrie and Marco Ramirez[96]
Marvel's A.K.A. Jessica Jones 1 13[97] 2015[51] Melissa Rosenberg[98]
Marvel's Luke Cage 1 13[97] 2016[99] Cheo Hodari Coker[99]
Marvel's Iron Fist 1 13[97] TBA TBD
Marvel's The Defenders 1 4–8[97] TBA TBD

Short films

Main article: Marvel One-Shots
Film U.S. release date Director Screenwriter Producer Home media release
The Consultant September 13, 2011 (2011-09-13) Leythum[44] Eric Pearson[100][101] Kevin Feige Thor
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Thor's Hammer October 25, 2011 (2011-10-25) Captain America: The First Avenger
Item 47 September 25, 2012 (2012-09-25) Louis D’Esposito[100][101] Marvel's The Avengers
Agent Carter September 3, 2013 (2013-09-03) (Digital)
September 24, 2013 (2013-09-24) (Physical)
Iron Man 3
All Hail the King February 4, 2014 (2014-02-04) (Digital)
February 25, 2014 (2014-02-25) (Physical)
Drew Pearce[102] Thor: The Dark World

Comic books

Title Issue(s) Publication date(s) Writer(s) Artist(s)
Iron Man: I Am Iron Man! 2 January – February 2010 Peter David[103] Sean Chen[103]
Iron Man 2: Public Identity 3 April – May 2010 Joe Casey and Justin Theroux[104] Barry Kitson and Ron Lim[104]
Iron Man 2: Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. 1 September 2010 Joe Casey[104] Tim Green, Felix Ruiz and Matt Camp[104]
Captain America: First Vengeance 4 February – July 2011 Fred Van Lente[105] Neil Edwards and Luke Ross[106]
The Avengers Prelude: Fury's Big Week 4 February – March 2012 Chris Yost and Eric Pearson[107] Luke Ross[108]
The Avengers Prelude: Black Widow Strikes 3 May – June 2012 Fred Van Lente[109] Neil Edwards[110]
Iron Man 2 Adaptation 2 November – December 2012 Christos Gage[111][112][113] Ramon Rosanas[111]
Iron Man 3 Prelude 2 January – February 2013 Steve Kurth[113]
Thor Adaptation 2 January – February 2013 Don Ho, Lan Medina and Overdrive[112]
Thor: The Dark World Prelude 2 June – July 2013 Chris Yost and Craig Kyle[114] Scott Eaton[114] and Ron Lim[115]
Captain America: The First Avenger Adaptation 2 November – December 2013 Peter David[116][117] Wellinton Alves[116]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier Infinite Comic 1 January 2014 Rock He-Kim[117]
Guardians of the Galaxy Prequel - Dangerous Prey Infinite Comic 1 April 2014 Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning[118] Andrea DiVito[118]
Guardians of the Galaxy Prelude 2 April – May 2014 Wellinton Alves[119]
Marvel's The Avengers Adaptation 2 December 2014January 2015 Will Corona Pilgrim[120][121][122][123] Joe Bennett[120]
Avengers: Age of Ultron Prelude - This Sceptre'd Isle Infinite Comic 1 February 2015 Wellinton Alves[122]
Ant-Man Prelude 2 February – March 2015 Miguel Sepulveda[121]
Ant-Man - Scott Lang: Small Time Infinite Comic 1 March 2015 Wellinton Alves[123]

Recurring cast and characters

List indicator(s)

  • This table includes cast members and / or characters who have appeared in multiple MCU media.
  • A dark grey cell indicates the character has not appeared in that medium.
  • A P indicates a new appearance in onscreen photographs only.
Character Films Television series Short films
Felix Blake   Titus Welliver[100][124]
Peggy Carter Hayley Atwell[125][126][127]
Phil Coulson Clark Gregg[128]
Timothy "Dum Dum" Dugan Neal McDonough[126][129][130]
Nick Fury Samuel L. Jackson[131][132]  
Justin Hammer Sam Rockwell[133]   Sam Rockwell[134]
Maria Hill Cobie Smulders[135]  
List Henry Goodman[136]  
Jim Morita Kenneth Choi[129][130]  
Sif Jaimie Alexander[137][138]  
Jasper Sitwell Maximiliano Hernández[139][140][141]
Trevor Slattery Ben Kingsley[142]   Ben Kingsley[102]
Howard Stark Gerard SandersP [143]
John Slattery[144]
Dominic Cooper[145]
Dominic Cooper[126][146]
Anton Vanko Yevgeni Lazarev[147] Costa Ronin[148]  
Arnim Zola Toby Jones[149][150]  

Additionally, Paul Bettany was the first actor to portray multiple characters in the universe, voicing Tony Stark's artificial intelligence J.A.R.V.I.S. in the Iron Man and Avengers films, and portraying Vision in Avengers: Age of Ultron and Captain America: Civil War.[151][152] Stan Lee, creator or co-creator of many of the characters seen in the MCU, has cameo appearances in all of the feature films and television series.

Reception

Jim Vorel of Herald & Review called the Marvel Cinematic Universe "complicated" and "impressive" but said, "As more and more heroes get their own film adaptations, the overall universe becomes increasingly confusing."[153] Kofi Outlaw of Screen Rant, stated that while The Avengers was a success, "Marvel Studios still has room to improve their approach to building a shared movie universe".[154] Some reviewers criticized the fact that the desire to create a shared universe led to films that did not hold as well on their own. In his review of Thor: The Dark World, Forbes critic Scott Mendelson likened the MCU to "a glorified television series", with The Dark World being a "‘stand-alone’ episode that contains little long-range mythology."[155] Collider's Matt Goldberg considered that while Iron Man 2, Thor and Captain America: The First Avenger were quality productions, "they have never really been their own movies", feeling that the plot detours to S.H.I.E.L.D. or lead-ups to The Avengers dragged down the films' narratives.[156]

Following the conclusion of season 1 of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., Mary McNamara at the Los Angeles Times praised the connections between that series and the films, stating that "never before has television been literally married to film, charged with filling in the back story and creating the connective tissue of an ongoing film franchise ... [Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.] is now not only a very good show in its own right, it's part of Marvel's multiplatform city-state. It faces a future of perpetual re-invention, and that puts it in the exhilarating first car of television's roller-coaster ride toward possible world domination."[157] Terri Schwartz of Zap2it agreed with this sentiment, stating that "the fact that [Captain America: The Winter Soldier] so influenced the show is game-changing in terms of how the mediums of film and television can be interwoven", though it was noted that "the fault there seems to be that Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. had to bide time until The Winter Soldier‍ '​s release", which lead to much criticism.[158]

In response to the first Ant-Man trailer, Michael Doran of Newsarama and Graeme McMillian of The Hollywood Reporter had a "point-counterpoint" debate regarding how the trailer should be viewed in the context of the already established universe by Marvel. Doran stated, "Marvel has raised the bar sooo high that as opposed to just allowing another film to finish under the Avengers/Guardians of the Galaxy bar, we're all overly and perhaps even eager to overreact to the first thing that doesn't clear it, and in the case, the first trailer that doesn't". McMillian responded, "at this point, Marvel's brand is such that I'm not sure it can offer up something like [the trailer] without it seeming like a crushing disappointment. Without buying into the hype, I think part of Marvel's brand is that it doesn't offer the kind of run-of-the-mill superhero movie that you're talking about, that it's, if not better, then at least different enough to tweak and play with the genre somehow: doing it bigger, doing it funnier, doing it... different... It really all comes down to expectations. The fact that there's such upset about this trailer being... well, okay - it's not that it's bad, certainly, it's just not very good, either - suggests to me that the audience is expecting something to knock their socks off." Doran concluded, "That does seem to be the point here – the expectations fans now have for everything "Marvel Studios." It’s the same reason Thor: The Dark World is now looked upon in hindsight in some circles as some sort of major misfire when the film was perfectly well-received during its release... Marvel is going to eventually falter. It's not a matter of if, but when."[159]

Impact on other studios

After the release of The Avengers in May 2012, Tom Russo of Boston.com noted that aside from the occasional "novelty" such as Aliens vs. Predator (2004), the idea of a shared universe was virtually unheard of in Hollywood.[5] Since that time, the shared universe model created by Marvel Studios has begun to be replicated by other film studios that held rights to other comic book characters. In April 2014, Tuna Amobi, a media analyst for Standard & Poor’s Equity Research Services, stated that in the last three to five years, Hollywood studios began planning "megafranchises" for years to come, opposed to working one blockbuster at a time. Amobi added, "A lot of these superhero characters were just being left there to gather dust. Disney has proved that this [approach and genre] can be a gold mine."[160] However, with additional studios now "playing the megafranchise game", Doug Creutz, media analyst for Cowen and Company, feels the allure will eventually die for audiences. "If Marvel's going to make two or three films a year," he says, "and Warner Brothers is going to do at least a film every year, and Sony's going to do a film every year, and Fox [is] going to do a film every year, can everyone do well in that scenario? I'm not sure they can."[160]

DC Entertainment and Warner Bros.

In October 2012, following its legal victory over Joe Shuster's estate for the rights to Superman, Warner Bros. announced that it planned to move ahead with its long-awaited Justice League film, uniting such DC Comics superheroes as Batman, Superman and Wonder Woman. Warner Bros. was expected to take the opposite approach of Marvel Studios by releasing individual films for the characters after they have appeared in team-up film.[161] The release of Man of Steel in 2013 was intended to be the start of a new cinematic universe for DC, with that film "laying the groundwork for the future slate of films based on DC Comics."[162] In July 2014, DC CCO Geoff Johns confirmed that the universe present in the publisher's television series, Arrow and The Flash, is separate from the one being built in their films with Man of Steel and Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.[163] In August 2014, Warner Bros. and DC announced a slate of nine dates for untitled films, similar to Disney and Marvel claiming dates for films years in advance,[164] with the titles revealed in October 2014.[165] In October 2014, Johns explained DC's difference in approach to Marvel, saying "We look at it as the multiverse. We have our TV universe and our film universe, but they all co-exist. For us, creatively, it’s about allowing everyone to make the best possible product, to tell the best story, to do the best world. Everyone has a vision and you really want to let the visions shine through ... It’s just a different approach."[166]

20th Century Fox

In November 2012, 20th Century Fox announced plans to create their own shared universe, consisting of Marvel properties that it holds the rights to including the Fantastic Four and X-Men, with the hiring of Mark Millar as supervising producer. Millar said, "Fox are thinking, 'We're sitting on some really awesome things here. There is another side of the Marvel Universe. Let’s try and get some cohesiveness going.' So they brought me in to oversee that really. To meet with the writers and directors to suggest new ways we could take this stuff and new properties that could spin out of it."[167] X-Men: Days of Future Past, released in 2014, may be Fox's first step towards expanding their stable of Marvel mutant properties.[168] However, in May 2014, Simon Kinberg, screenwriter for Fantastic Four, stated that the film would not take place in the same universe as the X-Men films. "None of the X-Men movies have acknowledged the notion of a sort of superhero team--the Fantastic Four--and the Fantastic Four acquire powers, so for them to live in a world where mutants are prevalent is kind of complicated, because you’re like, 'Oh, you’re just a mutant. What’s so fantastic about you?' No, they live in discrete universes," said Kinberg.[169]

Sony Pictures

In November 2013, Sony Pictures Entertainment Co-Chairman Amy Pascal announced that the studio intends to expand their universe created within the Marc Webb Amazing Spider-Man series, with spin-off adventures for supporting characters in the Spider-Man franchise, in an attempt to replicate Marvel and Disney's model. She stated, "We are going to access Marvel's full world of Spider-Man characters."[168] Sony Pictures Entertainment chief Michael Lynton added, "We do very much have the ambition about creating a bigger universe around Spider-Man."[170] Director Marc Webb has stated that the announced fourth film "may not just be a Spider-Man movie," and "there are so many ancillary characters, that have enormous, cinematic potential," echoing Pascal and Lynton's statements for expanding the Spider-Man universe.[171] In December 2013, Sony announced Venom and Sinister Six films, both set in the Amazing Spider-Man universe. With the announcement, IGN stated that the spin-offs are "the latest example of what we can refer to as "the Avengers effect" in Hollywood, as studios work to build interlocking movie universes."[172] Sony is choosing not to replicate the Marvel Studios model of introducing individual characters first before bringing them together in a team–up film, instead making the Spider-Man adversaries the stars of future films.[160]

In February 2015, Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios announced that the Spider-Man franchise would be retooled once again, with a new film co-produced by Feige and Pascal releasing on July 28, 2017. The film comes after the character will be integrated into the MCU. Sony Pictures will continue to finance, distribute, own and have final creative control of the Spider-Man films.[40] With this announcement, sequels to The Amazing Spider-Man 2 were cancelled, and spin-off films based on the Sinister Six, Venom and female characters in the "Spider-Man" universe were "still moving forward", though without Feige's involvement.[173]

Cultural impact

In September 2014, the University of Baltimore announced a course beginning in the 2015 spring semester revolving around the Marvel Cinematic Universe, to be taught by Arnold T. Blumberg. "Media Genres: Media Marvels" examines "how Marvel's series of interconnected films and television shows, plus related media and comic book sources and Joseph Campbell's monomyth of the 'hero's journey', offer important insights into modern culture" as well as Marvel's efforts "to establish a viable universe of plotlines, characters, and backstories."[174]

Other

Television specials

Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe (2014)

On March 18, 2014, ABC aired a one-hour television special titled Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe, which documented the history of Marvel Studios and the development of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, and included exclusive interviews and behind-the-scenes footage from all of the films, One-Shots and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., and sneak peeks of Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Guardians of the Galaxy, unaired episodes of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.,[175] and Ant-Man.[176] Brian Lowry of Variety felt the special, "contains a pretty interesting business and creative story. While it might all make sense in hindsight, there was appreciable audacity in Marvel’s plan to release five loosely connected movies from the same hero-filled world, beginning with the cinematically unproven Iron Man and culminating with superhero team The Avengers. As such, this fast-moving hour qualifies as more than just a cut-and-paste job from electronic press kits, although there’s an element of that, certainly."[177] The special was released on September 9, 2014 on the home media for Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. season 1.[178]

Marvel 75 Years: From Pulp to Pop! (2014)

In September 2014, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. executive producer Jeffrey Bell stated that in order to meet production demands and avoid having to air repeat episodes, ABC would likely air a Marvel special in place of a regular installment at some point during the first ten episodes of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.‍ '​s second season.[42] In October, the special was revealed to be Marvel 75 Years: From Pulp to Pop!, which was hosted by Emily VanCamp, who portrays Agent 13 in Captain America: The Winter Soldier, and aired on November 4, 2014.[179] The special features behind the scenes footage from Avengers: Age of Ultron and Ant-Man, as well as footage from the Agent Carter television series previously screened at New York Comic-Con.[180] Brian Lowry of Variety felt an hour for the special did not "do the topic justice" adding, "For anyone who has seen more than one Marvel movie but would shrug perplexedly at the mention of Jack Kirby or Steve Ditko, Marvel 75 Years: From Pulp To Pop! should probably be required viewing. Fun, fast-paced and encompassing many of the company’s highlights along with a few lowlights, it’s a solid primer on Marvel’s history, while weaving in inevitable self-promotion and synergistic plugs."[181] Eric Goldman of IGN also wished the special had been longer, adding, "Understandably, the more you already know about Marvel, the less you'll be surprised by Marvel 75 Years: From Pulp to Pop!, but it's important to remember who this special is really made for – a mainstream audience who have embraced the Marvel characters, via the hugely successful movies, in a way no one could have imagined."[180]

Live attractions

After the acquisition by Disney in 2009, Marvel films began to be marketed at the Innoventions attraction in Tomorrowland at Disneyland. For Iron Man 3, the exhibit, entitled Iron Man Tech Presented by Stark Industries, features the same armor display that was shown at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con, with the Marks I-VII and the new Mark XLII. In addition, there is a simulator game, titled "Become Iron Man," that uses Kinect-like technology to allow the viewer to be encased in an animated Mark XLII armor and take part in a series of "tests,” in which you fire repulsor rays and fly through Tony Stark's workshop. The game is guided by J.A.R.V.I.S., who is voiced again by Paul Bettany. The exhibit also has smaller displays that include helmets and chest pieces from the earlier films and the gauntlet and boot from an action sequence in Iron Man 3.[182] The exhibit for Thor: The Dark World is called Thor: Treasures of Asgard, and features displays of Asgardian relics and transports guests to Odin's throne room, where they are greeted by Thor.[183] Captain America: The Winter Soldier‍ '​s exhibit, Captain America: The Living Legend and Symbol of Courage, features a meet and greet experience.[184]

In May 2014, the Avengers S.T.A.T.I.O.N. (Scientific Training and Tactical Intelligence Operative Network) exhibit opened at the Discovery Times Square center. The exhibit features replica set pieces, as well as actual props from the films, mixed with interactive technology and information, crafted through a partnership with NASA and other scientists. Titus Welliver also provides a "debrief" to visitors, reprising his role as S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Felix Blake. Created by Victory Hill Exhibits, Avengers S.T.A.T.I.O.N. cost $7.5 million to create, and is expected to run through January 2015.[185][186]

See also

References

  1. ^ Philbrick, Jami (April 26, 2010). "Kevin Fiege Talks Iron Man 2, The Avengers and More". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on March 26, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Fritz, Ben; Harris, Dana (April 27, 2005). "Paramount pacts for Marvel pix". Variety. Archived from the original on February 12, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  3. ^ Benezra, Karen (July 8, 1996). "Marvel wants to be a movie mogul". MediaWeek (VNU eMedia, Inc) 6 (28). 
  4. ^ a b Waxman, Sharon (June 18, 2007). "Marvel Wants to Flex Its Own Heroic Muscles as a Moviemaker". The New York Times. p. 2. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Russo, Tom (April 25, 2012). "SUPER GROUP". Boston.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ Beall, Mark (September 14, 2006). "Marvel Avengers Update". Cinematical. Moviefone. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  7. ^ Orange, B. Alan (June 5, 2009). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on the Future of The Avengers, Thor, Ant Man, Doctor Strange, and Captain America!". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2010. 
  8. ^ Douglas, Edward (April 25, 2010). "Exclusive: Marvel Studios Production Head Kevin Feige". Superherohype.com. Archived from the original on March 31, 2013. 
  9. ^ Shaw-Williams, H. (May 1, 2013). "Kevin Feige on ‘Iron Man 3′ and the Shared Marvel Movie Universe". screenrant. Archived from the original on March 5, 2015. Retrieved March 5, 2015. 
  10. ^ Lussier, Germain (November 13, 2013). "/Film Interview: 'Thor: The Dark World' Producer Kevin Feige". /Film. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2013. 
  11. ^ Nicholson, Max (July 21, 2014). "Marvel's Kevin Feige Explains Upcoming Slate Plan". IGN. Archived from the original on July 22, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2014. 
  12. ^ Couto, Anthony (February 12, 2014). "Feige: Black Widow's Past to be Explored in Avengers 2 and Possible Solo Film". IGN. Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 13, 2014. 
  13. ^ Vary, Adam (October 27, 2014). "What’s At Stake For Thor, Captain America, And The "Avengers" Franchise". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Marvel Cinematic Universe Expands Through". Marvel.com. July 18, 2014. Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  15. ^ Huver, Scott (July 29, 2014). "SDCC: Kevin Feige Lays Out The Map For An Ever-Expanding Cinematic Universe". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Siegel, Lucas (October 28, 2014). "Marvel Announces Black Panther, Captain Marvel, Inhumans, Avengers: Infinity War Films, Cap & Thor 3 Subtitles". Newsarama. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c d Sciretta, Peter (October 28, 2014). "Watch: All Of Your Marvel Phase 3 Questions Answered By Marvel Head Kevin Feige". /Film. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c Goldman, Eric (March 6, 2014). "The Winter Soldier: Has America Changed Too Much for Captain America?". IGN. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Ant-Man Plot Points, Arrow & Sin City 2 Trailers, X-Men: Days, Avengers 2 Movie News". Newsarama. April 24, 2014. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  20. ^ Sciretta, Peter (October 28, 2014). "5 Announcements We Could Get At Today’s Mystery Marvel Event". /Film. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  21. ^ Sullivan, Kevin P. (August 27, 2014). "Will ‘Captain America 3′ Be The End Of His Story?". MTV. Archived from the original on March 11, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  22. ^ Bibbiani, William (September 9, 2014). "The Russo Brothers on Captain America 2 & Captain America 3". CraveOnline. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  23. ^ McIntyre, Gina (January 10, 2014). "'Captain America': Chris Evans fights evil, and the present, in ‘Winter Soldier’". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  24. ^ Goldman, Eric (March 6, 2014). "The Winter Soldier: Has America Changed Too Much for Captain America?". IGN. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ Kit, Borys (February 25, 2009). "Jackson's Fury in flurry of Marvel films". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  26. ^ Perry, Spencer (July 26, 2014). "Comic-Con Interview: Kevin Feige Talks The Future of the Marvel Cinematic Universe". Superhero Hype!. Archived from the original on July 27, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  27. ^ Romano, Nick. "Exclusive: ‘Daredevil’ Star Vincent D’Onofrio Talks Kingpin, Marvel Fans and ‘Defenders’ Crossover". ScreenCrush. Archived from the original on August 25, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  28. ^ Fischer, Russ (August 8, 2012). "Marvel Has Joss Whedon on Contract Through 2015". /Film. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014. 
  29. ^ Yamato, Jen (March 7, 2013). "Joss Whedon Q&A On Eve Of SXSW". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on August 9, 2014. Retrieved August 7, 2014. 
  30. ^ Franklin, Oliver (June 13, 2013). "GQ&A: Joss Whedon on S.H.I.E.LD, Shakespeare and Star Wars". GQ. Archived from the original on September 18, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  31. ^ "The Incredible Hulk to Smash into Theaters June 13, 2008". Marvel.com. November 6, 2006. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  32. ^ Finke, Nikki (September 29, 2008). "PARAMOUNT-MARVEL DEAL: Paramount To Distribute Next Five Marvel Films". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  33. ^ Kim Masters (October 18, 2010). "Disney to Distribute Marvel's 'The Avengers,' 'Iron Man 3'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2010. 
  34. ^ Finke, Nikki (May 6, 2012). "Paramount Makes Money Off ‘Avengers’ Too". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  35. ^ Stewart, Andrew (May 10, 2013). "Paramount's Super Payoff for 'Iron Man 3'". Variety. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  36. ^ Graser, Marc (October 11, 2011). "Why Par, not Disney, gets 'Avengers' credit". Variety. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  37. ^ Fixmer, Andy; Rabil, Sarah (September 1, 2009). "Disney’s Marvel Buy Traps Hollywood in Spider-Man Web (Update2)". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  38. ^ Finke, Nikki (July 2, 2013). "Disney Completes Purchase Of Marvel Home Entertainment Distribution Rights". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  39. ^ "The Incredible Hulk: Disney Probably Won't Get Distribution Rights Back From Universal For Hulk Solo Films". The Daily Superhero. July 27, 2013. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  40. ^ a b c d "Sony Pictures Entertainment Brings Marvel Studios Into The Amazing World Of Spider-Man". Marvel.com. February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  41. ^ Fritz, Ben (February 9, 2015). "Marvel and Sony Reach Deal on Spider-Man Movie Production". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  42. ^ a b Connelly, Brendon (September 11, 2014). "Exclusive! Agents Of S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Showrunner Talks Interconnection With Avengers: Age Of Ultron, Agent Carter, & Marvel Cinematic Universe". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  43. ^ Wigler, Josh (November 1, 2010). "Joe Quesada Outlines Plans For 'Marvel Cinematic Universe' Comics With Movie Creators". MTV. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2010. 
  44. ^ a b "Marvel One-Shots: Expanding the Cinematic Universe". Marvel.com. August 2, 2011. Archived from the original on March 17, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2011. 
  45. ^ Graser, Marc (July 23, 2013). "How Marvel is Turning to Short Films to Sell More DVDs, Blu-rays". Variety. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014. 
  46. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (July 27, 2012). "ABC And Marvel Eying 'Avengers'-Themed TV Series". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D". ABC Studios. April 6, 2013. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  48. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (September 18, 2013). "Marvel Developing ‘Agent Carter’ TV Series". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 
  49. ^ Hibberd, James (May 8, 2014). "ABC renews 'SHIELD' plus orders 'Captain America' spin-off". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 8, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  50. ^ a b "Steven S. DeKnight Joins 'Marvel's Daredevil'". Marvel.com. May 24, 2014. Archived from the original on May 24, 2014. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  51. ^ a b Strom, Marc (December 5, 2014). "Krysten Ritter to Star in Marvel's A.K.A. Jessica Jones". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014. 
  52. ^ Spangler, Todd (March 31, 2015). "Netflix, Marvel Pick ‘Luke Cage’ Showrunner, Cheo Hodari Coker". Variety. Archived from the original on March 31, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 
  53. ^ Lieberman, David (November 7, 2013). "Disney To Provide Netflix With Four Series Based On Marvel Characters". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved November 7, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Rosario Dawson Returns to Hell's Kitchen in the Netflix Original Series 'Marvel's Daredevil' Season 2 & More". Marvel.com. May 8, 2015. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 8, 2015. 
  55. ^ Marston, George (March 29, 2015). "ECCC 2015: Marvel Talks About Animated 'AVENGERS DISASSEMBLED' And Possible MCU Tie-Ins". Newsarama. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  56. ^ a b Plumb, Ali (March 4, 2013). "Marvel Boss Kevin Feige On Phase 2". Empire. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  57. ^ a b McClintock, Pamela (April 27, 2006). "Marvel Making Deals for Title Wave". Variety. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2008. 
  58. ^ Jensen, Jeff (April 17, 2008). "Iron Man: Summer's first Marvel?". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved April 21, 2008. 
  59. ^ Cairns, Bryan (October 3, 2011). "Director Louis Leterrier Talks Incredible Hulk". Newsarama.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  60. ^ Juarez, Vanessa (July 26, 2008). "Comic-Con: 'Incredible Hulk' screenwriter Zak Penn discusses strife with Edward Norton". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. 
  61. ^ Finke, Nikki (July 9, 2008). "So What Was All The Fuss About? Marvel Locks In Jon Favreau For 'Iron Man 2′". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved August 3, 2012. 
  62. ^ Graser, Marc (July 15, 2008). "Theroux to write 'Iron Man' sequel". Variety. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2008. 
  63. ^ Fleming, Michael (September 28, 2008). "Branagh in talks to direct ‍ '​Thor‍ '​". Variety. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved September 29, 2008. 
  64. ^ "Thor Movie: New Release Date! May 6, 2011". Marvel.com. January 7, 2010. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  65. ^ Kit, Borys (November 9, 2008). "'Captain America' recruits director". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2008. 
  66. ^ Kit, Borys; Fernandez, Jay A. (November 18, 2008). "'Captain America' enlists two scribes". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2008. . (First paragraph; subscription required for full story.)
  67. ^ Graser, Marc (April 13, 2010). "Whedon to head 'Avengers'". Variety. Archived from the original on April 14, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2010. 
  68. ^ a b "Shane Black talks direction of Iron Man 3 and whether or not to expect more Marvel cameos!". Ain't It Cool News. March 7, 2011. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 
  69. ^ Fleming, Mike (March 31, 2011). "Marvel Taps Its 'Runaways' Scribe Drew Pearce To Write 'Iron Man 3′ Script". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012. 
  70. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (December 24, 2011). "'Thor 2′ Director Will Be 'Game Of Thrones' Helmer Alan Taylor". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on March 27, 2013. Retrieved March 27, 2013. 
  71. ^ "‘Thor: The Dark World’ Official Synopsis Released". StitchKingdom.com. October 12, 2012. Archived from the original on September 19, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2012. 
  72. ^ Sneider, Jeff (June 6, 2012). "Russo brothers tapped for 'Captain America 2': Disney and Marvel in final negotiations with 'Community' producers to helm pic". Variety. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved July 3, 2012. 
  73. ^ Marshall, Rick (April 14, 2011). "'Captain America' Writers Talk Sequel, Post-'Avengers' Plans, And The Marvel Movie-Verse". MTV News. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  74. ^ "Marvel Studios Begins Production on Guardians of the Galaxy". Marvel.com. July 20, 2013. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2013. 
  75. ^ a b Graser, Marc (July 25, 2014). "James Gunn to Write, Direct ‘Guardians of the Galaxy’ Sequel". Variety. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved July 26, 2014. 
  76. ^ Graser, Marc (August 7, 2012). "Joss Whedon will return for 'The Avengers 2'". Variety. Archived from the original on August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012. 
  77. ^ Kroll, Justin (January 23, 2014). "Marvel's 'Ant-Man' Moves Into Former Superman-Batman Release Date". Variety. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved January 23, 2014. 
  78. ^ "Director Peyton Reed and Writer Adam McKay Join Marvel's Ant-Man". Marvel.com. June 7, 2014. Archived from the original on June 7, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  79. ^ Sneider, Jeff (April 22, 2015). "Marvel’s ‘Ant-Man’ Resolves Writing Credit Dispute (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Archived from the original on April 22, 2015. Retrieved April 22, 2015. 
  80. ^ Strom, Marc (October 28, 2014). "Marvel Studios Announces Full Phase 3 Slate at Special Event". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014. 
  81. ^ a b Weintraub, Steve (March 11, 2014). "Directors Joe & Anthony Russo Confirm They'll Direct Captain America 3; Say They're Breaking the Story Now with Screenwriters Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely". Collider.com. Archived from the original on March 11, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  82. ^ Siegel, Tatiana; Kit, Borys (June 3, 2014). "Scott Derrickson to Direct Marvel's 'Doctor Strange'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 3, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2014. 
  83. ^ Strom, Marc (December 4, 2014). "Benedict Cumberbatch to play Doctor Strange". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on December 4, 2014. Retrieved December 4, 2014. 
  84. ^ a b c d Strom, Marc (February 10, 2015). "Marvel Studios Schedules New Release Dates for 4 Films". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  85. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 29, 2014). "Marvel Hires One of Its Own Executives to Co-Write 'Thor 3'". The Wrap. Archived from the original on January 29, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  86. ^ a b Strom, Marc (April 7, 2015). "Joe & Anthony Russo to Direct 2-Part Marvel's 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  87. ^ a b Strom, Mark (May 7, 2015). "Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely to Write Marvel's 2-Part 'Avengers: Infinity War' Event". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  88. ^ Kit, Borys (January 20, 2011). "'Black Panther' Back in Development at Marvel". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2011. 
  89. ^ Strom, Marc (April 20, 2015). "Nicole Perlman & Meg LeFauve to Write Marvel's 'Captain Marvel'". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on April 20, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  90. ^ Goldbery, Matt (August 12, 2014). "Exclusive: Marvel Moving Forward on THE INHUMANS Movie; Screenplay by Joe Robert Cole". Collider. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014. 
  91. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (August 28, 2012). "ABC orders Marvel 'S.H.I.E.L.D' pilot". Variety. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  92. ^ a b Prudom, Laura (May 12, 2015). "‘Marvel’s Agents of SHIELD’ Boss Talks Shocking Finale Cliffhanger, Skye’s Secret Mission". Variety. Archived from the original on May 13, 2015. Retrieved May 13, 2015. 
  93. ^ McIntrye, Gina (January 2, 2015). "‘Agent Carter': Hayley Atwell reprises capable 1940s spy for Marvel TV show". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  94. ^ Finbow, Kelly (May 23, 2015). "Hayley Atwell reveals Agent Carter season 2 will consist of 10 episodes". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved May 23, 2015. 
  95. ^ Wagmeister, Elizabeth (May 12, 2015). "ABC Adds ‘Muppets’ & Three New Dramas for Fall; TGIT Stays Put". Variety. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 12, 2015. 
  96. ^ a b Cavanaugh, Patrick (April 21, 2015). "Netflix Orders a Second Season of 'Marvel's Daredevil'". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2015. Retrieved April 21, 2015. 
  97. ^ a b c d "Marvel's Netflix Series to Film in New York City". Marvel.com. February 26, 2014. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  98. ^ Couch, Aaron (November 12, 2013). "Melissa Rosenberg to Oversee Marvel's Jessica Jones Series for Netflix". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 28, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2014. 
  99. ^ a b Spangler, Todd (March 31, 2015). "Netflix, Marvel Pick ‘Luke Cage’ Showrunner, Cheo Hodari Coker". Variety. Archived from the original on March 31, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015. 
  100. ^ a b c Breznican, Anthony (July 3, 2012). "First Look: Marvel unveils top-secret 'Avengers' short film 'Item 47' – Exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  101. ^ a b Manning, Shaun (July 22, 2013). "SDCC: Marvel Debuts Atwell's "Agent Carter One-Shot"". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  102. ^ a b Breznican, Anthony (January 9, 2014). "Marvel One-Shot: First Look at Ben Kingsley's Mandarin encore in 'All Hail the King' short film -- Exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 9, 2014. 
  103. ^ a b "IRON MAN: I AM IRON MAN! (2010) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  104. ^ a b c d "IRON MAN 2: FROM FILM TO COMICS". Marvel.com. September 13, 2010. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2014. 
  105. ^ "CAPTAIN AMERICA: THE FIRST AVENGER'S FIRST VENGEANCE". Marvel.com. Sep 6, 2011. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved Jun 22, 2014. 
  106. ^ "CAPTAIN AMERICA: FIRST VENGEANCE (2011) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  107. ^ "WRITING THE AVENGERS MOVIE PRELUDE". Marvel.com. March 6, 2012. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014. 
  108. ^ "MARVEL'S THE AVENGERS PRELUDE: FURY'S BIG WEEK (2011) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  109. ^ Arrant, Chris (April 9, 2012). "To Russia with Guns: The Black Widow Strikes". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  110. ^ "MARVEL'S THE AVENGERS: BLACK WIDOW STRIKES (2012) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  111. ^ a b "MARVEL'S IRON MAN 2 ADAPTATION (2012)". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  112. ^ a b TFAW (January 16, 2013). "Marvels Thor Adaptation #1 (of 2)". TFAW. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  113. ^ a b "MARVEL'S IRON MAN 3 PRELUDE (2012) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  114. ^ a b "MARVEL'S THOR: THE DARK WORLD PRELUDE 2 (2012) #1". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  115. ^ Jay (July 21, 2013). "Thor: The Dark World #1 & #2 Prequels Review". Comic Front Line. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 
  116. ^ a b "MARVEL'S CAPTAIN AMERICA: THE FIRST AVENGER ADAPTATION (2013 – PRESENT)". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  117. ^ a b "Read a Prelude to Captain America: The Winter Soldier". Marvel.com. January 30, 2014. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  118. ^ a b "Marvel's Guardians Of The Galaxy Prequel Infinite Comic". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  119. ^ Arrant, Chris (March 18, 2014). "Abnett & Lanning Put the Band Back Together for Guardians of the Galaxy Movie Prequel". Newsarama. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. 
  120. ^ a b "COMICS: First Look At MARVEL'S THE AVENGERS #1; Comic Book Adaptation Of The Movie". ComicBookMovie.com. December 19, 2014. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved April 26, 2015. 
  121. ^ a b ""Darth Vader" Arrives, "Spider-Verse" Concludes in Marvel's February 2015 Solicitations". Comic Book Resources. November 18, 2014. Archived from the original on November 19, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  122. ^ a b Arrant, Chris (February 3, 2015). "Marvel's Surprise, Official AGE OF ULTRON Prequel Has Wanda & Pietro SPOILERS". Newsarama. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  123. ^ a b "Marvel's Ant-Man - Scott Lang: Small Time MCU Infinite Comic #1". Comixology. Archived from the original on March 21, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015. 
  124. ^ "Titus Welliver Set to Return as Agent Blake in Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.". Marvel.com. October 10, 2013. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2013. 
  125. ^ Honeycutt, Kirk (July 20, 2011). "Captain America: The First Avenger: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011. 
  126. ^ a b c Fletcher, Rosie (July 19, 2013). "Marvel's Agent Carter reaction: Comic-Con 2013". Total Film. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  127. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (January 17, 2014). "Marvel's 'Agent Carter': Hayley Atwell, Writers, Showrunners Confirmed for ABC Drama". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 10, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2014. 
  128. ^ "NYCC 2012: Coulson Lives in Marvel's S.H.I.E.L.D.". Marvel.com. October 13, 2012. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 
  129. ^ a b Goellner, Caleb (July 8, 2011). "The Howling Commandos and HYDRA Get Serious in New 'Captain America' Images". ComicsAlliance. Archived from the original on March 23, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  130. ^ a b Logan, Michael (September 10, 2014). "First Look: Haley Atwell's Agent Carter on Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.". TV Guide. Archived from the original on September 10, 2014. Retrieved September 10, 2014. 
  131. ^ Fleming, Michael (February 25, 2009). "Samuel Jackson joins 'Iron' cast". Variety. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2009. 
  132. ^ Hibberd, James (October 2, 2013). "'Agents of SHIELD' ratings slip; Samuel L. Jackson makes cameo". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2014. 
  133. ^ Snider, Mike (June 9, 2009). "First look: Mickey Rourke suits up as Whiplash for 'Iron Man 2'". USA Today. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2009. 
  134. ^ Wheeler, Andrew (March 28, 2014). "Gay Punchlines, LGBT Visibility and Marvel Studios’ One-Shot ‘All Hail The King’". Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved July 8, 2014. 
  135. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (July 19, 2013). "Cobie Smulders' Comic-Con Reveal: Secret 'Agents of SHIELD' Role". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved July 19, 2013. 
  136. ^ Fitzpatrick, Kevin (April 7, 2015). "‘Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.’ ‘Afterlife’: What Does That Major Marvel Return Mean for ‘Age of Ultron’?". ScreenCrush. Archived from the original on April 8, 2015. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  137. ^ Kit, Borys (September 23, 2009). "Lightning strikes two more actors for "Thor"". The Hollywood Reporter. Reuters. Archived from the original on October 21, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  138. ^ Logan, Michael (February 10, 2014). "First Look: Thor Star Jaimie Alexander Meets the Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.". TV Guide. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  139. ^ Patten, Dominic (March 21, 2013). "Movie Castings: Seth Rogen Scores 'The Interview', 'Endless Love' Remake Gets Leads & 'Winter Soldier' Sees An Agent Return". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Retrieved March 21, 2013. 
  140. ^ White, Cindy (August 29, 2011). "First Impression: Thor 3D Blu-ray Special Features". IGN. Archived from the original on May 27, 2014. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  141. ^ "Declassifying Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: The Hub". Marvel.com. October 24, 2013. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2013. 
  142. ^ Truitt, Brian (October 26, 2012). "Ben Kingsley makes for a scary Mandarin in 'Iron Man 3'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2012. 
  143. ^ Holtreman, Vic (August 22, 2013). "Iron Man 2: Set Visit, Story Details & Meet Howard Stark". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014. 
  144. ^ Vejvoda, Jim (June 4, 2009). "Iron Man 2 Sneak Peek". IGN. Archived from the original on August 20, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2009. 
  145. ^ Philbrick, Jami (June 21, 2011). "Dominic Cooper talks 'Captain America: The First Avenger'". IAmRogue.com. Archived from the original on March 29, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  146. ^ Strom, Marc (September 30, 2014). "Dominic Cooper Returns as Howard Stark in Marvel's Agent Carter". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on September 30, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014. 
  147. ^ "'Agent Carter' Premiere Date Announced; Whiplash's Dad Cast". TVWeb. November 5, 2014. Archived from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014. 
  148. ^ Steinbeiser, Andrew (November 5, 2014). "Exclusive: Costa Ronin Cast as Anton Vanko in Marvel's Agent Carter". Comicbook.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014. 
  149. ^ "Toby Jones to Play Arnim Zola in Captain America". ComingSoon. May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on July 5, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2011. 
  150. ^ Schwartz, Terri (February 24, 2015). "'Agent Carter' Season 1 finale surprise gets HYDRA's return started". Zap2it. Archived from the original on February 24, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  151. ^ Kroll, Justin (February 6, 2014). "Paul Bettany to Play the Vision in Marvel's 'Avengers: Age of Ultron’". Variety. Archived from the original on February 7, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 
  152. ^ "Marvel Studios Begins Production on Marvel's 'Captain America: Civil War'". Marvel.com. May 7, 2015. Archived from the original on May 7, 2015. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  153. ^ Fritz, Ben (May 7, 2012). "The Marvel Cinematic Universe". Herald & Review. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  154. ^ Outlaw, Kofi (June 6, 2012). "Marvel’s ‘Avengers’ Movie Universe: Was it Worth It?". ScreenRant. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 16, 2013. 
  155. ^ Mendelson, Scott (October 31, 2013). "Review: 'Thor: The Dark World' Is Flimsy But Functional". Forbes. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  156. ^ Goldberg, Matt (August 2, 2011). "Editorial: What Did Marvel Disassemble to Make THE AVENGERS?". Collider. Retrieved April 3, 2014. 
  157. ^ McNamara, Mary (May 13, 2014). "'Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.' is a true television marvel". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on September 19, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  158. ^ Schwartz, Terri (May 2, 2014). "'Marvel's Agents of SHIELD' shaped up to be an incredible show". Zap2it. Archived from the original on September 19, 2014. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  159. ^ Doran, Michael; McMillian, Graeme (January 7, 2015). "Ant-Man Teaser Trailer Point - Counterpoint: A Misstep or An Overreaction?". Newsarama. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2015. 
  160. ^ a b c Vilkomerson, Sara (April 8, 2014). "Inside 'The Amazing Spider-Man 2' -- And Sony's strategy to supersize its franchise". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on April 10, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  161. ^ Fritz, Ben (October 29, 2012). "'Justice League' aims for summer 2015 after Superman victory". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  162. ^ Breznican, Anthony (April 11, 2013). "'Man of Steel' will open door for more DC Comics superhero movies -- Exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  163. ^ Cornet, Roth (July 18, 2014). "Batman V Superman: Dawn Of Justice - Geoff Johns: 'No DC Movie/TV Crossover'". IGN. Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014. 
  164. ^ "‘Batman V. Superman’ Moves Release Date Again As Warner Bros Sets Its DC Game Plan". Deadline.com. August 6, 2014. Archived from the original on August 10, 2014. Retrieved August 6, 2014. 
  165. ^ Fischer, Russ (October 15, 2014). "DC Comics Movies Announced: ‘Suicide Squad,’ ‘Wonder Woman,’ ‘Justice League,’ ‘The Flash,’ ‘Aquaman’". /Film. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  166. ^ Wieselman, Jarett (October 23, 2014). "The Man At The Center Of DC’s TV Multiverse". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 30, 2014. 
  167. ^ Fischer, Russ (November 9, 2012). "Mark Millar Discusses His Role in Creating a Cohesive Marvel Universe For Fox". /Film. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  168. ^ a b Collura, Scott (November 21, 2013). "Sony Chief Hints That the Spider-Man Movies Will Be Getting New Heroes and Villains". IGN. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  169. ^ Toro, Gabe (May 12, 2014). "Don't Expect To See The X-Men In The Fantastic Four Reboot". Cinema Blend. Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  170. ^ Lieberman, David (November 21, 2013). "UPDATE: Sony Pictures Plans More Spider-Man Sequels And Spinoffs – But Still No Marvel Reunion". Deadline.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  171. ^ Bibbiani, William (July 24, 2013). "Comic-Con 2013: Marc Webb on Amazing Spider-Man 2". Crave Online. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  172. ^ Goldman, Eric (December 13, 2013). "The Amazing Spider-Man Spinoffs Venom and The Sinister Six Announced by Sony". IGN. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2013. 
  173. ^ Graser, Marc; Lang, Brent (February 10, 2015). "Spider-Man: How Sony, Marvel Will Benefit from Unique Deal (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015. 
  174. ^ "First-of-Its-Kind Course to Examine 'Universe' of Cinematic Storytelling, Perspectives in Ongoing Marvel Films". University of Baltimore. September 16, 2014. Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  175. ^ "Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe TV Special Premieres March 18 on ABC". Marvel.com. February 27, 2014. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved February 27, 2014. 
  176. ^ "'Avengers: Age of Ultron': Marvel reveals new Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver concept art". insidemovies.ew.com. March 18, 2014. Archived from the original on March 19, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2014. 
  177. ^ Lowry, Brian (March 16, 2014). "TV Review: ‘Marvel Studios: Assembling a Universe’". Variety. Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  178. ^ Fowler, Matt (May 30, 2014). "Marvel's Agents of SHIELD Blu-ray And DVD Details". IGN. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014. Retrieved May 30, 2014. 
  179. ^ Cavanaugh, Patrick (October 9, 2014). "Marvel to Celebrate 75 Years With 1-Hour Primetime Special on ABC". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2014. 
  180. ^ a b Goldman, Eric (November 4, 2014). "Looking Back At How The Marvel Age Began". IGN. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  181. ^ Lowry, Brian (November 4, 2014). "TV Review: ‘Marvel, 75 Years: From Pulp to Pop!’". Variety. Archived from the original on November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014. 
  182. ^ Goldman, Eric (April 12, 2013). "Disneyland Introduces Their First Marvel Exhibit with Iron Man Tech". Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  183. ^ Lesnick, Silas (October 25, 2013). "CS Explores Disneyland's Thor: The Dark World Attraction, Treasures of Asgard". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on March 5, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  184. ^ Slater, Shawn (February 10, 2014). "Captain America Arrives at Disneyland Park in Anaheim March 7". DisneyParks Blog. Archived from the original on June 26, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  185. ^ Sacks, Ethan (May 25, 2014). "Exclusive: Avengers S.T.A.T.I.O.N exhibit fan-tastic blend of props, high-tech". Daily News. Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 
  186. ^ Towers, Andrea (May 30, 2014). "Marvel's 'Avengers' S.T.A.T.I.O.N. exhibit: We took the tour (and chatted with Stan Lee)". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014. 

External links