Marvin Griffin

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Marvin Griffin
Marvingriffin.gif
72nd Governor of Georgia
In office
January 11, 1955 – January 13, 1959
Lieutenant Ernest Vandiver
Preceded by Herman Talmadge
Succeeded by Ernest Vandiver
2nd Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
In office
November 17, 1948 – January 11, 1955
Governor Herman Talmadge
Preceded by Melvin E. Thompson
Succeeded by Ernest Vandiver
Personal details
Born Samuel Marvin Griffin
(1907-09-04)September 4, 1907
Bainbridge, Georgia, United States
Died June 13, 1982(1982-06-13) (aged 74)
Georgia, United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mary Elizabeth "Lib" Smith
Laura Jane Gibson "Lollie"
Children Patricia Ann
Samuel Marvin, Jr.
Alma mater The Citadel
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1941 - 1947
Rank Brigadier General
Commands Georgia National Guard
Battles/wars World War II

Samuel Marvin Griffin, Sr. (September 4, 1907 – June 13, 1982) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Georgia. He served as the 72nd Governor of Georgia from 1955 to 1959.

Early life[edit]

Griffin was born in Bainbridge, Georgia and graduated from The Citadel in 1929. He taught in Virginia for a short time before moving back to Bainbridge.[1]

Political career[edit]

Georgia assembly and cabinet[edit]

In 1934, Griffin, a lifelong Democrat, was elected to the Georgia General Assembly. Two years later, he failed in an attempt to be elected to the House of Representatives. After that, he served in the administration of Governor Eurith D. Rivers, rising to the post of executive secretary.

Military service[edit]

When the United States entered World War II, Griffin was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army, and later rose to the rank of brigadier general. He was appointed adjutant general of the Georgia National Guard in 1944, serving in that position until 1947.

Georgia lieutenant governor[edit]

Griffin became the first elected Lieutenant Governor of Georgia to serve after he won a special election in 1948 (the first person elected lieutenant governor was Melvin E. Thompson, who never took the office but instead claimed the office of Governor after the death of Governor-elect Eugene Talmadge). Griffin was elected to a full term in 1950.

Georgia governor[edit]

1954 election[edit]

Griffin was seen as the successor to Governor Herman Talmadge, and he won the governorship in 1954 before runoff elections were required in Georgia. Griffin received a plurality of 36.3 percent of the ballots cast. Melvin E. Thompson, Griffin's predecessor as lieutenant governor, trailed with 25.1 percent.[2] Another primary candidate was the later Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr. As governor, Griffin was a staunch segregationist. He spoke out against the Brown v. Board of Education decision and pledged to keep Georgia's schools segregated "come hell or high water."[3]

Springhill mining disaster[edit]

In 1958, Griffin, who was a segregationist and accused of being racist, took advantage of the intense media coverage surrounding the Springhill mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada to promote tourism to his state by offering a group of survivors free vacations to Jekyll Island. However, to the segregationist governor's chagrin, one of the rescued miners was black, resulting in a public relations nightmare.[4]

1956 Sugar Bowl[edit]

Much controversy preceded the 1956 Sugar Bowl, where the Pitt Panthers, including African-American player Bobby Grier, were scheduled to meet the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. There was controversy over whether Grier should be allowed to play, and whether Georgia Tech should even play at all due to Governor Griffin's opposition to integration.[5] In anticipation of Bobby Grier's presence, in December 1955, Griffin publicly sent a telegram to his state's Board of Regents. Griffin implored teams from Georgia not to engage in racially integrated events which had blacks either as participants or as spectators.

A large contingent from the New Orleans community, as well as many related to Georgia Tech, openly fought to bar either Grier, Pitt or the Yellow Jacket team from the game. However, students and football players from the Atlanta-based school, civil rights leaders, as well as a large number of the Pitt community, succeeded in ensuring that the game took place.

Corruption charges[edit]

Griffin's term was marred by charges of corruption. According to Atlanta historian Frederick Allen, Griffin was "a man of prodigious charm and wit and also one of the most corrupt public officials ever to hold office in Georgia."[citation needed] Several administration members were found guilty of crimes and Griffin was investigated in 1960 by a grand jury, which returned no true bills.

1962 election[edit]

In 1962, Griffin ran once more for governor but lost in the primary to a moderate candidate, Carl Sanders. Griffin received 332,746 votes (39 percent) to Sanders' 494,978 (58.7 percent).[2] Thereafter, Griffin largely retired from politics.

In the 1966 gubernatorial race, Griffin supported Democratic nominee Lester Maddox, an Atlanta businessman known for his segregationist views. Maddox's opponent, Republican U.S. Representative Howard Callaway, had supported Griffin in the latter's 1962 campaign. As the publisher of the Post Searchlight in Bainbridge, Griffin at first indicated that he would repay Callaway for the earlier support, but he instead held firm for Maddox. "I consider Bo Callaway one of my best friends, but I can't go with him in the governor's race," Griffin said. Conversely, former Governor Ernest Vandiver, who as lieutenant governorfrom 1955 to 1959 had frequently quarreled with Governor Griffin, dismissed Maddox as "a pipsqueak" and endorsed Callaway.[6]

In 1968, Griffin was a stand-in candidate for Vice President of the United States on George C. Wallace's American Independent Party ticket. Griffin was thereafter replaced in the second slot by United States Air Force General Curtis LeMay although Griffin's name stayed on the ballot in several states.

Post-gubernatorial career[edit]

Griffin returned to Bainbridge and went into the real estate business. One of his proudest accomplishments was the creation of Bainbridge College in 1970 (classes began in 1973), of which he was a leading advocate and member of the board of directors. He also oversaw and directed the Decatur County Sesquicentennial in 1973.

Death[edit]

Griffin died in 1982 from lung cancer.

Further reading[edit]

[7]

  • Scott E. Buchanan. "Some of the People Who Ate My Barbecue Didn't Vote for Me": The Life of Georgia Governor Marvin Griffin (Vanderbilt University Press; 2011) 286 pages

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Buchanan, Scott E. (2011). Some of the People Who Ate My Barbecue Didn't Vote for Me: The Life of Georgia Governor Marvin Griffin. Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 978-0-8265-1759-3. 
  2. ^ a b Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections, p. 1677
  3. ^ The Strategists. Time magazine, July 12, 1954. Quote:Lieut. Governor S. Marvin Griffin of Atlanta: let city and county school boards assign each student to a school. Griffin also suggested a residency requirement to keep "foreign agitators" out of the state. "Social equality," said he, "is impossible. The schools are not going to be mixed come hell or high water."
  4. ^ Fay Greene, Melissa (2004). Last Man Out: The Story of the Springhill Mine Disaster. Harvest Books. ISBN 0-15-602957-X. 
  5. ^ Mulé, Marty – A Time For Change: Bobby Grier And The 1956 Sugar Bowl. Black Athlete Sports Network, December 28, 2005
  6. ^ Billy Hathorn, "The Frustration of Opportunity: Georgia Republicans and the 1966 Election", Atlanta History: A Journal of Georgia and the South, XXXI (Winter 1987-1988), p. 42
  7. ^ Allen, Frederick (1996). Atlanta Rising. Marietta, GA: Longstreet Press. pp. 59–61. ISBN 1-56352-296-9. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Melvin E. Thompson
Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
November 17, 1948 – January 11, 1955
Succeeded by
Ernest Vandiver, Jr.
Preceded by
Herman Talmadge
Governor of Georgia
January 11, 1955 – January 13, 1959