During the 2006 Lebanon War, Marwahin was the site of ground exchanges between Israel and Hezbollah. According to Human Rights Watch, the villagers of Marwahin reported having problems with Hezbollah fighters and weapons infiltrating their village almost as soon as the war started.
Lebanese civilian refugees from the town were first ordered to flee the area by Israeli forces. They stood their children around the truck so Israeli pilots could see they were not armed but were then subsequently killed by Israeli Defense Force artillery and helicopter gunship fire while stopped by the sea on the road north of the village. Only two persons survived the attack, by playing dead. No weapons were found in the vehicles destroyed by the Israeli attacks and personnel who tried to rescue the victims' bodies were attacked. According to Human Rights Watch, the attack added to a pattern in which both Israel and Hezbollah indiscriminately attacked civilians.
- "Why They Died". [Human Rights Watch]. September 2007.
- "Robert Fisk: Why do they hate the West so much, we will ask". The Independent. 2009-07-01. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- "Marwahin 15 July 2006 The anatomy of a massacre". Independent. 2006-11-30. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Human Rights Watch and Israel: An Exchange". The New York Review of Books. 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
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