Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece

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Marxist-Leninst Communist Party of Greece
Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
Founded 1976
Preceded by Organisation of Marxists–Leninists of Greece
Newspaper Laikos Dromos
Ideology Communism,
Marxism–Leninism,
Maoism,
Anti-Revisionism
Political position Far-left
Colours Red
Parliament
0 / 300
European Parliament
0 / 22
Regions
0 / 725
Website
http://www.m-lkke.gr
Politics of Greece
Political parties
Elections

The Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece (Greek: Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Marxistiko-Leninistiko Kommounistiko Komma Elladas), better known by its acronym M-L KKE (Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ), is an Anti-Revisionist Marxist-Leninist and Maoist, communist political party in Greece.

History[edit]

M-L KKE originates in the Organisation of Marxists-Leninists of Greece (OMLE) that split away from the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) in 1964, opposing Nikita Khruschev's De-Stalinization and supporting Mao Zedong and his political beliefs in the Sino-Soviet split.[1][2] After Mao's death in 1976, OMLE split in two major factions: the M-L KKE and the rival Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) (KKE M-L), as well as further smaller groupings. M-L KKE and KKE M-L have remained the two largest Maoist parties in Greece since.[1][2] Historically, M-L KKE has had a significant presence among teachers and education workers, and is most active in West Macedonia, Alexandroupoli, Corfu, and Ikaria.[1]

The group, which has published its own journal Laikos Dromos, was led from its foundation by Isaac Jordanidis, who had been a functionary within the KKE.[3] Jordanidis was a strong supporter of the Three Worlds Theory and the group took a Maoist line as a result.[3] A delegation from the party travelled to Beijing in 1977 where they held a meeting with Li Xiannian.[3]

In the legislative election of 2000, M-L KKE and A/synechia participated together, receiving 5,866 votes. In the legislative election of 2004, M-L KKE participated alone, receiving 4,846 votes. In the legislative election of 2007, M-L KKE received 8,088 votes (0.11%).

On 16 March 2012, spurred by the ongoing Greek financial crisis, M-L KKE and KKE M-L announced that they would jointly contest elections as part of the Popular Resistance - Left Anti-Imperialist Cooperation (Λαϊκή Αντίσταση - Αριστερή Αντιμπεριαλιστική Συνεργασία), distancing themselves both from the traditional Communist Party of Greece (KKE) and the leftist Syriza coalition.[1][2]

Newspaper[edit]

Laikos Dromos header

M-L KKE publishes the Laikos Dromos (Λαϊκός Δρόμος, "People's Path") newspaper, originally founded in December 1967 as OMLE's newspaper.[1][2]

Electoral results[edit]

Results since 1993
(year links to election page)
Year Type of Election Votes % Mandates
1993
Legislative
1,817
0.03
0
1994
European
9,639
0.15
0
1999
European
16,782
0.26
0
2000
Legislative
5,8661
0.09
0
2004
Legislative
4,846
0.1
0
2004
European
21,220
0.35
0
2007
Legislative
8,088
0.11
0
2009
European
13,142
0.26
0
2009
Legislative
5,506
0.08
0
May 2012
Legislative
16,033 2
0.25
0
June 2012
Legislative
7,648 2
0.12
0
2014
European
10,787
0.19
0

1 Participated in a coalition called Aristera! - M-LKKE with A/synechia

2 In a coalition with the Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "ΚΚΕ (μ-λ) και Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ ξανά μαζί ύστερα από 36 χρόνια" (in Greek). To Vima. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d Orestis Schinas (25 October 2014). "Η αριστερή αντιπολίτευση σε ΕΔΑ και ΚΚΕ" (in Greek). Eleftherotypia. Retrieved 18 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Robert Jackson Alexander, Maoism in the Developed World, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, p. 100

External links[edit]