Mary Ann Ansell, a housemaid, was hanged at St Albans Prison, England on 19 July 1899, for poisoning her sister Caroline, who was an inmate in an asylum. Her motive was asserted to be to obtain £11.5s from a life insurance policy which she had taken out on Caroline.
At 18 or 22 years old (reports differ), she was the youngest woman to be hanged in the UK in the 'modern era' (after the 1868 reform act, so non-public, and also by the 'long drop' method).
Before Ansell's execution, there was considerable public pressure for a reprieve, on the grounds of her gender, youth and perceived lack of mental capacity (both of herself, and of other members of her family). The Metropolitan Asylums Board passed a resolution calling for clemency. Some newspapers, including the Daily Mail under the headline "A One-sided Investigation", asked for a reprieve. Three questions were asked in the House of Commons in relation to her case, and more than 100 MPs signed a petition that her life be spared. However, the Home Office was unwilling to reprieve a poisoner, this murder being considered a premeditated act, and poisoning an especially heinous crime under English law.
In 1900, her case was cited in an academic study of the limits to criminal responsibility
- "Capital Punishment – Case of Mary Ansell". Hansard – House of Commons Debates. 13 July 1899. Vol. 64, cc.699–700. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Case of Mary Ansell". Hansard – House of Commons Debates. 17 July 1899. Vol. 74, cc.1001–2. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Case of Mary Ansell". Hansard – House of Commons Debates. 18 July 1899. Vol. 74 cc.1171-2. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Death By Poisoning – No Reprieve For The Young Woman Who Murdered Her Sister". Watford Observer. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Mary Ann Ansell". capitalpunishmentuk.org. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Wiener, Martin J. (2007). "Convicted Murderers and the Victorian Press: Condemnation vs. Sympathy". Crimes and Misdemeanours. ISSN 1754-0445. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Before passage of the Homicide Act 1957, the Attorney General was duty-bound to lead the prosecution in poisoning cases in England and Wales.
- Mercier, Charles (April 1900). "Concerning Irresponsibility in Criminals" (PDF). British Journal of Psychiatry 46. pp. 281–283. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
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