Mary Ellen Rudin
Born Mary Ellen Estill, she attended the University of Texas, completing her B.A. in 1944 and her Ph.D. in 1949, under Robert Lee Moore. During her time as an undergraduate, she was a member of the Phi Mu Women's Fraternity, and was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa society. In 1953, she married the mathematician Walter Rudin. Following her mentor Moore, her research centered on point-set topology. She was appointed as Professor of Mathematics at the University of Wisconsin in 1971, and after retirement served as a Professor Emerita there. She served as vice-president of the American Mathematical Society, 1980–1981. In 1984 she was selected to be a Noether Lecturer. She was an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (1995). In 2012 she became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
Rudin is best known in topology for her constructions of counterexamples to well-known conjectures. Most famously, she was the first to construct a ZFC Dowker space, thus disproving a conjecture of Dowker's that had stood, and helped drive topological research, for more than twenty years. Her example fuelled the search for "small" ZFC Dowker spaces. She also proved the first Morita conjecture and a restricted version of the second. Her last major result was a proof of Nikiel's conjecture. Rudin's Erdős number is 1.
"Reading the articles of Mary Ellen Rudin, studying them until there is no mystery takes hours and hours; but those hours are rewarded, the student obtains power to which few have access. They are not hard to read, they are just hard mathematics, that's all." (Steve Watson)
- Rudin, Mary Ellen (1975). Lectures on set theoretic topology (Rep. with corr. ed.). Providence: Published for the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences by the American Mathematical Society. ISBN 082181673X.
- Rudin, Mary Ellen (1984). Dowker spaces (in the Handbook of set-theoretic topology). Amsterdam u.a.: North-Holland. pp. 761––780. ISBN 0444865802.
- "Mary Ellen Rudin (December 7, 1924 – March 18, 2013)". webpage of Topology and its Applications published by Elsevier. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Mary Ellen Rudin at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Cactus Yearbook. Austin, TX: University of Texas. 1944. p. 394.
- Cactus Yearbook. Austin, TX: University of Texas. 1945. p. 141.
- List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-07-07.
- Szeptycki, Paul. "Dowker spaces". Topology Atlas. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- K. Chiba, T.C. Przymusiński, M.E. Rudin, "Normality of products and Morita's conjectures" Topol. Appl. 22 (1986) 19–32
- M.E. Rudin, "Nikiel's Conjecture" Topol. Appl. 116 (2001) 305–331
- "Mary Ellen Rudin". http://planetmath.org/maryellenrudin.
- W. S. Watson: Mary Ellen Rudin's early work on Suslin spaces, in: The work of Mary Ellen Rudin, (Madison, WI, 1991), 168–182, Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 705, New York Acad. Sci., New York, 1993;
- Donald J. Albers, Gerald L. Alexanderson, Constance Reid, ed. (1990), "Mary Ellen Rudin", More Mathematical People: Contemporary Conversations, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, pp. 282–302, ISBN 0-15-158175-4
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Mary Ellen Rudin", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- "Mary Ellen Rudin", Biographies of Women Mathematicians, Agnes Scott College
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