Mary Kim Joh
Mary C. Kim Joh (김메리 1904-February 9, 2005), also known as Che Sik Cho (체식조), was a Korean-American music composer, academic and medical research scientist. Joh is best known for writing "School Bell" (학교종 Ha'kyo Jung) in 1945. This children's song is taught to pre-school students in South Korea.
Joh was born in Seoul in 1904. She was the third daughter of the former Korean Minister of Foreign Affairs. She graduated from Ewha Women's University. In 1930, she was awarded a master's degree in music at the University of Michigan. Later in life, she earned a master's degree in science from Wayne State University.
Joh taught in the music department at Ewha. She was asked by the South Korean government to compose children's songs after end of Japanese occupation. At the end of World War II, the Koreans had no Korean-language school materials. Her 1950 book on Korean folk songs is one of very few published on the subject.
In the United States, Joh changed professions. She began a second career working in a hospital laboratory.
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- Dunning, Jennifer. "Mary Kim Joh, 101, Who Wrote a Korean Anthem, Is Dead," New York Times. February 11, 2005; retrieved 2012-12-12.
- Campbell, Patricia Shehan. (1994). Roots and branches, p. 48.
- 여류작곡가 김메리 at Naver.com; retrieved 2012-12-13.
- Bowman, Barbara G. "Music practices and teachers' needs for teaching music in public preschools of South Korea," Music Educators Journal. September 2008, Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 48-53; retrieved 2012-12-13.
- WorldCat Identities: Cho, Che Sik; retrieved 2012-11-1.