Mary Landrieu

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Mary Landrieu
Mary Landrieu Senate portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Louisiana
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 1997
Serving with David Vitter
Preceded by J. Bennett Johnston Jr.
Chair of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
Incumbent
Assumed office
February 12, 2014
Preceded by Ron Wyden
Chair of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
In office
January 3, 2009 – February 12, 2014
Preceded by John Kerry
Succeeded by Maria Cantwell
Louisiana State Treasurer
In office
January 1, 1988 – January 8, 1996
Governor Buddy Roemer
Edwin Edwards
Preceded by Mary Evelyn Parker
Succeeded by Ken Duncan
Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
from the 90th district
In office
1980–1988
Succeeded by Mitch Landrieu
Personal details
Born Mary Loretta Landrieu
(1955-11-23) November 23, 1955 (age 58)
Arlington, Virginia
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Frank Snellings
Children Connor
Mary
Residence New Orleans, Louisiana
Alma mater Louisiana State University (B.A.)
Occupation real estate agent
Religion Roman Catholicism
Signature
Website landrieu.senate.gov

Mary Loretta Landrieu (/ˈlændr/ LAN-drew;[1] born November 23, 1955) is the senior United States Senator from the State of Louisiana and a member of the Democratic Party.

Born in Arlington, Virginia, Landrieu was raised in New Orleans, Louisiana. She is the daughter of Moon Landrieu, former New Orleans mayor and Secretary of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the sister of Mitch Landrieu, the current Mayor of New Orleans and former Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana. She received her baccalaureate degree from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge. After working as a real estate agent for several years, she was elected as a state representative (1980–1988) and state treasurer (1988–1996). She won a close race for the U.S. Senate in 1996; she was re-elected by increasing margins in competitive races in 2002 and 2008.

Landrieu is one of the most conservative Democrats in the Senate, at times opposing her party's positions.[2] She came to national attention in the wake of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 after she publicly criticized the federal response to the natural disaster. In 2005, she sponsored a Senate resolution by which the U.S. Senate apologized for its failure to enact anti-lynching legislation during the early 20th century. Her opposition to the public option played a major role in the crafting of the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, as she did not agree to support it until additional concessions were granted to support Louisiana's Medicaid system. In 2011, she became a cardinal (chair) of the Senate's Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee. She chaired the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship from 2009 to 2014, and currently chairs the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.

Early life, education, and real estate career[edit]

Landrieu was born in Arlington, Virginia, the daughter of Verna (née Satterlee) and Moon Landrieu, who served as mayor of New Orleans.[3] She was raised in New Orleans as a Roman Catholic and attended Ursuline Academy of New Orleans. While a student at Ursuline, Landrieu participated in the Close Up Washington civic education program. She graduated from Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge in 1977, where she was a member of Delta Gamma sorority. Before entering politics, she worked as a real estate agent.

Early political career[edit]

State legislature[edit]

Landrieu was first elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives in 1979, serving from 1980 to 1988 and representing a New Orleans district. She was re-elected to the 90th district in October 1983 with 78% of the vote.[4] In the election of October 1987, she was succeeded in the 90th district by her brother Mitch.[5]

State Treasurer[edit]

On January 1, 1987, State Treasurer Mary Evelyn Parker, the longtime Democratic incumbent, resigned with nearly a year and a half left in her fifth term. Landrieu ran to succeed her in both the special and regularly scheduled elections, both held in October 1987. No Republican filed to run, so Landrieu faced only Democratic opponents. She came first on both ballots with 44%. She defeated two legislative colleagues, Kevin P. Reilly, Sr., chief executive officer at the time of Lamar Advertising Company in Baton Rouge, who came second in the special and regular elections, with 33% and 32%, respectively, and Claude "Buddy" Leach, a former U.S. Representative, who came third in both elections with 15%. Thomas D. "Tom" Burbank, Jr., son of Thomas D. Burbank Sr., former head of the state police, came last in both elections with 9% of the vote.[6] Reilly decided not to contest a runoff election, known in Louisiana as a "general election", and Landrieu won the treasurer's position by default.[7] In 1991, Landrieu was completely unopposed for re-election.[8]

1995 gubernatorial election[edit]

Landrieu declined to run for a third term, giving up the treasurer's office to run for Governor of Louisiana in the 1995 election. The other major candidates in the race were Democratic U.S. Representative Cleo Fields; State Senator Murphy J. Foster, Jr., who switched his party affiliation from Democratic to Republican when he filed; Democratic attorney Phil Preis; Republican former Governor Buddy Roemer; and Democratic Lieutenant Governor Melinda Schwegmann. Landrieu finished third in the state's jungle primary with 18% of the vote, finishing 8,983 votes behind Fields, who came second with 19% of the vote. Roemer came fourth with 18%, Preis was fifth with 9% and Schwegmann came sixth with 5%. Foster came first with 26% and went on to defeat Fields in the runoff with 64% of the vote.

U.S. Senate[edit]

Elections[edit]

Landrieu speaks during the second day of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Landrieu was elected in 1996 to the U.S. Senate seat previously held by John Bennett Johnston, Jr. of Shreveport after winning a close and controversial runoff election.[9] This is called the general election in Louisiana. She defeated Louisiana State Representative Woody Jenkins of Baton Rouge.

Landrieu narrowly won re-election in the 2002 mid-term election. She defeated Suzanne Haik Terrell of New Orleans. Some experts and pundits had considered Landrieu as a possible running mate for presidential candidate John Kerry in the 2004 election before he selected then- Senator John Edwards of North Carolina. In 2004 Landrieu became Louisiana's senior senator upon the retirement of John Breaux, who was replaced by Republican David Vitter.

In 2008, she won a relatively comfortable 52% to 46% re-election to a third term in a race against her challenger, Louisiana State Treasurer John Neely Kennedy. He was a former Democrat who switched to the Republican Party in 2007.[10]

Landrieu is seeking re-election in 2014. In August 2014, CNN reported that Landrieu violated federal law by using taxpayer dollars to charter a private flight to a November 2013 campaign event. Landrieu spent more than $3,200 in taxpayer money to fly 400 miles round trip from New Orleans to Lake Charles, Louisiana. Landrieu's campaign spokesman said the charter company mistakenly billed Landrieu's Senate office instead of her re-election campaign. When the error was discovered in August 2014, the charter company refunded Landrieu's Senate office and billed her campaign for the cost of the flight.[11][12]

Tenure[edit]

In 2002 she voted for the Iraq Resolution and in 2003 issued a statement indicating that "The time for diplomacy has ended."[13] She voted for the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 and the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act.

In 2005 Landrieu sponsored a resolution, which the Senate passed in an unprecedented action, to formally apologize for its repeated failure in the early twentieth century to pass anti-lynching legislation.[14] The Senate Southern white Democrats had filibustered the Dyer bill in 1922[15] and two other bills that passed the House.

Landrieu held high-profile hearings on the mistakes of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in the wake of hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005.

Subsequent to the 2006 midterm election, in which the Democratic Party gained control of both houses of Congress, Landrieu announced (along with Republican Olympia Snowe of Maine) the formation of the "Common Ground Coalition", a group of moderate senators of both parties, with the goal of finding bipartisan consensus on legislative matters.[16][17]

Landrieu voted to raise the estate tax exemption to $5 million in 2008,[18] but voted against repeal of the estate tax in 2006.[19]

On December 15, 2008, it was announced that Landrieu would become Chairwoman of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship for the 111th Congress when former Chairman John Kerry left to lead the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, previously headed by Vice President-elect Joe Biden.[16]

In September 2010 Landrieu announced she would hold up OMB director Jacob Lew’s confirmation until the administration lifted or eased a federal freeze on deepwater oil-and-gas drilling. Her delay of Lew’s nomination came despite broad bipartisan support for appointing him to OMB. The Senate Budget Committee recommended that Lew be confirmed on a 22–1 vote.[20]

According to the Washington Post Landrieu "is one of the lawmakers leading for more natural gas exports."[21]

On December 18, 2010, Landrieu voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[22][23]

In 2011, she became a cardinal (chair) of the Senate's Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee, giving her significant influence in the funding of federal agencies like the U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security and FEMA.

On April 17, 2013, Landrieu voted to expand background checks for gun purchases.[24]

In April 2014, the United States Senate debated the Minimum Wage Fairness Act (S. 1737; 113th Congress). The bill would amend the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) to increase the federal minimum wage for employees to $10.10 per hour over the course of a two year period.[25] The bill was strongly supported by President Barack Obama and many of the Democratic Senators, but strongly opposed by Republicans in the Senate and House.[26][27][28] Landrieu wanted additional debate on the timeline and the raise for tipped workers.[27] Landrieu said that "I do not believe that $10.10 an hour is too high to aspire to, but how quickly we get there and what increments, the tipped wage, how that should be handled, who should get paid the tipped wage, and who shouldn't. There are a lot of questions about that, and some of those discussions are going on."[27]

Health care[edit]

Landrieu was opposed to the public health insurance option in the America's Affordable Health Choices Act of 2009[29] (HR 3200) until the bill was rewritten to send a $300,000,000 payment to Medicaid for her home state.[30] When two pages were added to the bill to place $300 million in Louisiana's Medicaid system, she changed her web page in order to reflect her support of the program.[31] Conservative figures referred to the deal as the "Louisiana Purchase".[32] As a result, prominent conservative figures Glenn Beck and Rush Limbaugh called her a "high-priced prostitute".[33]

On November 21, 2009, Landrieu voted with fifty-nine other Senators to bring the health care bill up for debate. On December 8, 2009, she voted against the Nelson–Hatch–Casey amendment which proposed to ban federal funding for private plans that covered elective abortions but allowed individuals to purchase separate individual riders that would cover abortions.[32]

Prior to a concession of $300 million being added to the bill, Landrieu responded to a question on popular support of the public option, and asserted that the option has popular support because "when people hear 'public option' they hear 'free health care'. Everybody wants free health care. Everybody wants health care they don't have to pay for."[34]

Landrieu voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare") in December 2009.[35] In September 2013, Landrieu voted to restore funding for the ACA that House Republicans had eliminated in their version of the funding bill.[36][37][38]

On March 1, 2012, Landrieu voted against a measure that would have repealed a birth control mandate in the health care bill.[39]

In October 2013, she introduced a bill to force health insurance companies to re-issue plans which they have cancelled.[40]

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

Sen. Landrieu (center) joins Women of the Storm from the Gulf Coast

Hurricane Katrina destroyed Landrieu's lakeside New Orleans home. In the weeks following Katrina, Landrieu and fellow Senator David Vitter co-sponsored the Hurricane Katrina Disaster Relief and Economic Recovery Act of 2005 (S.1765),[41] a 440-page aid package worth an estimated $250 billion[42][43] The bill was read twice by Congress, then referred to the United States Senate Committee on Finance.[44]

Separate legislation was passed to provide $1 billion in loans to communities affected by Katrina despite Landrieu's objection to the provision insisted on by Republicans that prohibited the loans from being forgiven.[45] In 2007, when Democrats took control of the House and Senate, they passed legislation written by Landrieu that authorized FEMA to forgive the loans. [46] However, 40% of the loans were not forgiven by FEMA, which led Landrieu to insert addition provisions into the 2013 federal spending bill to forgive the remainder of these loans.[47][48]

Landrieu's national name recognition rose in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina as she made multiple TV appearances to discuss the response effort.[49] She was noted in The New York Times as becoming "a national spokeswoman for victims of the hurricane" as she complained of "the staggering incompetence of the national government."[50] She was particularly critical of President George W. Bush, who in turn was critical of her in his 2010 memoir Decision Points where he related telling her to be quiet after she interrupted him in a meeting with what he called an "unproductive emotional outburst".[51]

Judicial nominations[edit]

Landrieu voted for the confirmation of Chief Justice John Roberts in 2005,[52] but in 2006, she opposed Samuel Alito, though she did vote in favor of cloture to send the nomination to an up-or-down vote.[53][54] She voted for both Sonia Sotomayor in 2009 and Elena Kagan in 2010.[55][56]

USA PATRIOT Act[edit]

On August 3, 2007, Landrieu broke ranks with Democrats when she and Louisiana Rep. Charlie Melancon sided with Republicans and the Bush Administration in voting for the Protect America Act, an amendment to the USA Patriot Act further expanding wiretap powers.[57]

In 2011, she was the inadvertent Senate sponsor of the four-year extension to the Patriot Act when Senator Reid amended a small business bill introduced by Senator Landrieu as a means of avoiding a threatened filibuster by Senator Rand Paul. Senator Landrieu joined the majority in voting for the extension, which passed 72-23.[58][59]

Plot to compromise Landrieu's phone system[edit]

On January 25, 2010, four Republican conservative activists, including Stan Dai, Joseph Basel, both 24; Robert Flanagan, son of Bill Flanagan, acting U.S. Attorney in Louisiana; and conservative filmmaker James O'Keefe, were arrested by US Marshals for their role in a plot to hack the phone system of Landrieu's New Orleans office to record her and her staff's conversations.[60] Two of the alleged co-conspirators posed as telephone repair technicians in order to gain access to the telephone system. O'Keefe admitted to secretly "recording" the interactions with the staff with his cell phone and aiding in the "planning, coordination, and preparation of the operation."[61]

On March 27, 2010, the four were charged with entering federal property under false pretenses, a misdemeanor charge.[62] On May 26, 2010 all four pled guilty before Magistrate Daniel Knowles III in a New Orleans federal court. Three of the four received two years' probation, 75 hours of community service and $1,500 fines; while James O'Keefe received a sentence of three years' probation, 100 hours of community service and a $1,500 fine.[63]

Committee assignments[edit]

Source: 2009 Congressional Record, Vol. 155, Page S729

Caucus memberships[edit]

  • Senate Oceans Caucus
  • Senate Natural Gas Caucus, co-chair
  • Congressional Coalition on Adoption, co-chair
  • Senate Caucus on Foster Youth, co-chair

Political positions[edit]

Landrieu, senior United States Senator from Louisiana

By national standards, Landrieu is among the most conservative Democrats in the U.S. Senate.[64][65][66][67] The American Conservative Union rated Senator Landrieu as 40% conservative in 2007, which was the highest score of any sitting Democrat and higher than the scores of two Republicans.[68] As of 2012, her lifetime rating is 21%,[69] which is the fourth highest rating among Democrats in the Senate.[70] For 2012 votes, National Journal ranked Landrieu as the 47th-most conservative member of the Senate, while Congressional Quarterly found that she voted in support of President Obama's positions 90% of the time.[2] She is a member of the New Democrat Coalition.

Landrieu supports the Keystone Pipeline and has called for President Obama to approve its construction.[64]

Landrieu personally supports same-sex marriage, but defends the state's constitutional ban on the institution since the people of Louisiana voted for it.[71]

Personal life[edit]

Landrieu and her husband, attorney Frank Snellings (born 1949), who grew up in Monroe, have two children, Connor and Mary Shannon.

Electoral history[edit]

1996
Louisiana United States Senate jungle primary election, September 21, 1996[72]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Woody Jenkins 322,244 26.23
Democratic Mary Landrieu 264,268 21.51
Democratic Richard Ieyoub 250,682 20.41
Republican David Duke 141,489 11.52
Republican Jimmy Hayes 71,699 5.84
Republican Bill Linder 58,243 4.74
Republican Chuck McMains 45,164 3.68
Republican Peggy Wilson 31,877 2.6
Democratic Troyce Guice 15,277 1.24
Independent Nicholas J. Accardo 10,035 0.82
Independent Arthur D. "Jim" Nichols 7,894 0.64
Democratic Sadie Roberts-Joseph 4,660 0.38
Independent Tom Kirk 1,987 0.16
Independent Darryl Paul Ward 1,770 0.14
Independent Sam Houston Melton, Jr. 1,270 0.1
Turnout 1,228,559
Louisiana United States Senate election runoff, November 5, 1996[73]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mary Landrieu 852,945 50.17 -3.78
Republican Woody Jenkins 847,157 49.83 +6.35
Majority 5788 0.34 -10.13
Turnout 1,700,102
  Democratic hold
2002
Louisiana United States Senate jungle primary election, November 5, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mary Landrieu 573,347 46
Republican Suzanne Haik Terrell 339,506 27.24
Republican John Cooksey 171,752 13.78
Republican Tony Perkins 119,776 9.61
Democratic Raymond Brown 23,553 1.89
Independent Patrick E. "Live Wire" Landry 10,442 0.84
Independent James Lemann 3,866 0.31
Libertarian Gary D. Robbins 2,423 0.19
Republican Ernest Edward Skillman, Jr. 1,668 0.13
Turnout 1,246,333
Louisiana United States Senate election runoff, December 7, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mary Landrieu 638,654 51.70 +1.53
Republican Suzanne Haik Terrell 596,642 48.30 -1.53
Majority 42,012 3.4 +3.06
Turnout 1,235,296
  Democratic hold
2008
Louisiana United States Senate jungle primary election, November 5, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Mary Landrieu 988,298 52.11 +0.41
Republican John Neely Kennedy 867,177 45.72 -2.58
Libertarian Richard Fontanesi 18,590 0.98 n/a
Independent Jay Patel 13,729 0.72 n/a
Independent Robert Stewart 8,780 0.46 n/a
Majority 121,121 6.39 +2.99
Turnout 1,896,574
  Democratic hold

References[edit]

  1. ^ AP News Pronunciation Guide
  2. ^ a b Paul C. Barton (30 April 2013). "Southern Democratic senators fighting conservative tide". USA Today. 
  3. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams. "The Ancestors of Mary Landrieu". wargs.com. William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  4. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State Official Election Results Results for Election Date: 10/22/1983
  5. ^ Louisiana Secretary of State Official Election Results Results for Election Date: 10/24/1987
  6. ^ http://staticresults.sos.la.gov/10241987/10241987_Statewide.html Louisiana Secretary of State Official Election Results Results for Election Date: 10/24/1987
  7. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=263724 LA State Treasurer 1987
  8. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=226158 LA State Treasurer 1991
  9. ^ Carney, James (July 7, 1997). "No Saints in New Orleans". Time. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  10. ^ Skiba, Katherine (March 14, 2008). "Senate Majority No Longer Republicans' Goal". U.S. News and World Report'. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  11. ^ Frates, Chris (8-12-2014). "Exclusive: Sen. Mary Landrieu's campaign flight was charged to taxpayers". CNN. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  12. ^ Phelps, Jordyn (8-13-2014). "Mary Landrieu Takes Heat for Spending Public Money on Private Flight". ABC. Retrieved 14 August 2014. 
  13. ^ http://www.landrieu.senate.gov/?p=press_release&id=15
  14. ^ Associated Press, "Senate Apologizes for Not Passing Anti-Lynching Laws", Fox News
  15. ^ "Filibuster Kills Anti-Lynching Bil", New York Times, 3 December 1922, accessed 20 July 2011
  16. ^ a b "Sen. Landrieu to Chair Senate Small Business Committee". CNBC. December 15, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2008. [dead link]
  17. ^ http://www.kplctv.com/story/9527784/sen-landrieu-to-chair-senate-small-gfbusiness-committee
  18. ^ "Fixing Estate Tax at 2009 Level Appears to Have Senate Support". ElderLawAnswers. Retrieved 2013-10-18. 
  19. ^ "Estate Tax Reduction, Passed by House, Faces Test in Senate". Bloomberg. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  20. ^ OMB nomination delay would mean no adviser for key budget period
  21. ^ Mufson, Steven (25 March 2014). "Can U.S. natural gas rescue Ukraine from Russia?". Washington Post. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
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  23. ^ "Senate Vote 281 – Repeals ‘Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. 
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  25. ^ "S. 1737 - Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  26. ^ Sink, Justin (2 April 2014). "Obama: Congress has 'clear choice' on minimum wage". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  27. ^ a b c Bolton, Alexander (8 April 2014). "Reid punts on minimum-wage hike". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  28. ^ Bolton, Alexander (4 April 2014). "Centrist Republicans cool to minimum wage hike compromise". The Hill. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  29. ^ Ryan Grim (2009-06-09). "Mary Landrieu Opposed To Public Health Care Option". The Huffington Post. 
  30. ^ Rich Klein (2009-11-21). "The $100 Million Health Care Vote". ABC News. 
  31. ^ "The Importance of Health Care Reform". 
  32. ^ a b Kiely, Eugene (February 4, 2010). "Sen. Landrieu: No apologies for so-called Louisiana purchase". USA Today. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  33. ^ Pedro Martinez Monsivais (December 17, 2009). "Sen. Mary Landrieu has become a leading booster of health care overhaul proposal". Times Picayune (New Orleans). Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  34. ^ Zaid Jilani (2009-10-15). "Landrieu Says The Public Option Is Popular Because 'Everybody Wants Free Health Care'". Think Progress. 
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  36. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > S.Amdt.1974". U.S. Senate. Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  37. ^ Rebecca Berg (September 26, 2013). "GOP attacks vulnerable Dems who refused to defund Obamacare". Washington Examiner. Retrieved September 27, 2013. 
  38. ^ Tom Cohen (September 27, 2013). "Senate tosses shutdown hot potato back to House". CNN. 
  39. ^ "Sens Mary Landrieu and David Vitter split on amendment on contraceptive coverage". Times Picayune (New Orleans). 
  40. ^ http://seattletimes.com/html/healthcare/2022193095_apxhealthoverhaulproblems.html
  41. ^ Hurricane Katrina Disaster Relief and Economic Recovery Act
  42. ^ Hulse, Carl (September 23, 2005). "Louisiana Lawmakers Propose $250 Billion Recovery Package". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
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  47. ^ http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/03/house_approves_budget_bill_tha.html
  48. ^ http://www.nola.com/politics/index.ssf/2013/11/federal_government_cancels_st.html
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  50. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (September 9, 2005). "La. Senator Returns to Capitol to Denounce Bush". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
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  58. ^ http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/112/s990
  59. ^ http://badecho.com/2011/07/patriotact/
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  61. ^ Special Agent Stephen Rayes, "Affidavit"
  62. ^ "Charges reduced in Landrieu phone incident". CNN. March 27, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  63. ^ Robertson, Campbell (May 27, 2010). "Four plead guilty over incident at Sen. Landrieu's office". The Seattle Times. 
  64. ^ a b "Biden lends support to La. Democrat in GOP country". wapt.com. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  65. ^ Casserly, Meghan. "Which Of the 20 Woman Senators Could Be The First Female President of the U.S.". Forbes. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  66. ^ "Mary Landrieu: 'Obama-McConnell Plan' Is 'Almost Morally Corrupt'". The Huffington Post. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  67. ^ "Landrieu: Tax Cut Deal Steals from Poor, Black Families for Rich". Color Lines. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  68. ^ [3]
  69. ^ https://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/661/mary-landrieu
  70. ^ https://votesmart.org/interest-group/1481/rating/6734?p=2&of=rating#.UhqNBBukpHQ
  71. ^ Amira, Dan (April 8, 2013). "Mary Landrieu Supports Gay Marriage in the Only Way That Matters". New York. Retrieved January 15, 2014. "people should love who they love and marry who they want to marry," 
  72. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=26777
  73. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1996/96Stat.htm#18

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mary Evelyn Parker
Louisiana State Treasurer
1988–1996
Succeeded by
Ken Duncan
Preceded by
John Kerry
Chair of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
2009–2014
Succeeded by
Maria Cantwell
Preceded by
Ron Wyden
Chair of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
2014–present
Incumbent
United States Senate
Preceded by
Bennett Johnston Jr.
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
1997–present
Served alongside: John Breaux, David Vitter
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Jack Reed
D-Rhode Island
United States Senators by seniority
22nd
Succeeded by
Jeff Sessions
R-Alabama