Mary Stewart (novelist)

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Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow Stewart
Born Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow
(1916-09-17)17 September 1916
Sunderland, County Durham, England, UK
Died 9 May 2014(2014-05-09) (aged 97)
Lochawe, Scotland, UK
Pen name Mary Stewart
Occupation Novelist
Language English
Nationality British
Alma mater Durham University
Period 1954–1997
Genre Gothic romance
Spouse Sir Frederick Stewart (m. 1945–2001; his death)
Children No

Mary, Lady Stewart, née Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow (17 September 1916 – 9 May 2014) was a British novelist who developed the romantic mystery genre, featuring smart, adventurous heroines who could hold their own in dangerous situations. She also wrote children's books and poetry, but may be best known for her Merlin series, which straddles the boundary between the historical novel and fantasy.

Biography[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Mary Stewart was born Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow on 17 September 1916 in Sunderland, County Durham, England, UK, daughter of Mary Edith Matthews, from New Zealand, and Frederick Rainbow, a vicar.[1][2] She graduated from Durham University in 1938 with first-class honours in English. Her original intention to become a professor was derailed by the scarcity of jobs during World War II; she earned a teaching certificate and taught primary school for awhile. After the war, she continued on for her masters degree and became a lecturer in English Language and Literature at the university. She received an honorary D.Litt in 2009.[3] It was in Durham that she met and married her husband, Frederick Stewart, a young Scot who lectured in Geology. They married in 1945, only three months after they met at a VE Day dance. At 30, she suffered an ectopic pregnancy, undiagnosed for several weeks, and subsequently could not have children.

In 1956, they moved to Edinburgh, where he became professor of geology and mineralogy, and later chairman of the Geology Department of Edinburgh University.[4] Mary, in her own words, was a "born storyteller" and had been writing stories since the age of three. When she and her husband moved to Edinburgh, she submitted a novel to the publishers Hodder & Stoughton. Madam, Will You Talk? was an immediate success, followed by many other successful works over the years.

In 1974, Mary's husband Frederick Stewart was knighted and she became Lady Stewart, although she never used the title. Her husband died in 2001.[5]

In semi-retirement Stewart resided in Edinburgh, Scotland as well as Loch Awe, Scotland. An avid gardener, Mary and her husband shared a keen love of nature. She died on 9 May 2014.[6][7]

Writing career[edit]

Stewart was the best-selling author of many romantic suspense and historical fiction novels, which were well received by critics due to her skilful story telling and enchanting prose. Her novels are also known for their well-crafted settings, many in England but also in such exotic locations as Damascus and the Greek islands, as well as Spain, France, Austria, etc.[8]

She was at the height of her popularity from late 1950s to 1980s when many of her novels were translated into many languages; The Moon-Spinners was also made into a Disney movie. Stewart was one of the most prominent writers of the romantic suspense subgenre, blending romance novels and mystery; her works are considered to surpass those of Victoria Holt and Phyllis Whitney,[9] two other well-known writers of the genre. She seamlessly combined the two genres, maintaining a full mystery while focusing on the courtship between two people,[10] so that the process of solving the mystery "helps to illuminate" the hero's personality—thereby helping the heroine to fall in love with him.[11]

Following the success of T. H. White's The Once and Future King, and the connection of the Kennedy presidency with "Camelot", Arthurian legends regained popularity. Mary Stewart added to this climate by publishing The Crystal Cave, the first in what was to become a five-book series later dubbed The Merlin Chronicles. It placed Lady Stewart on the best seller list many times throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

Bibliography[edit]

Gothic romances[edit]

The Merlin Series[edit]

Further information: Mary Stewart's Merlin Trilogy
  1. The Crystal Cave (1970)
  2. The Hollow Hills (1973)
  3. The Last Enchantment (1979)
  4. The Wicked Day (1983)
  5. The Prince and the Pilgrim (1995)

Children's novel[edit]

Poetry[edit]

  • Frost on the Window: And other Poems (1990) (poetry collection)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Telegraph (accessed 28 May 2007)
  2. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica Student Encyclopedia (accessed 28 May 2007)
  3. ^ Durham University Honorary Degrees
  4. ^ former Author biography in the 1988 paperback edition of her novel, Thornyhold
  5. ^ The Guardian (accessed 28 May 2007)
  6. ^ Hore, Rachel (15 May 2014). "Mary Stewart obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Gates, Anita (15 May 2014). "Mary Stewart, British Writer Who Spanned Genres, Dies at 97". New York Times. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Contemporary Literary Criticism, v. 35. Gale Research Company, 1985.
  9. ^ Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852
  10. ^ Regis (2003), pp. 143, 144.
  11. ^ Regis (2003), p. 146.

References[edit]

  • Regis, Pamela (2003), A Natural History of the Romance Novel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, ISBN 0-8122-3303-4 
  • Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852 

External links[edit]