Mary Stewart (novelist)

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Mary Stewart
Born Mary Florence Elinor Rainbow
(1916-09-17) September 17, 1916 (age 97)
Sunderland, County Durham, England
Nationality English
Ethnicity English
Citizenship United Kingdom
Alma mater Durham University
Occupation Novelist
Spouse(s) Sir Frederick Stewart

Mary Florence Elinor Stewart (née Rainbow; born 17 September 1916)[1][2] is a popular English novelist, best known for her Merlin series, which straddles the boundary between the historical novel and the fantasy genre.

Life and work[edit]

Stewart was born in Sunderland, County Durham, England and graduated from Durham University, from where she received an honorary D.Litt in 2009.[3] She was a lecturer in English Language and Literature there until her marriage in 1945 to Sir Frederick Stewart, former chairman of the Geology Department of Edinburgh University.[4] Sir Frederick died in 2001.[5]

Stewart is the bestselling author of many romantic suspense and historical fiction novels, which were well received by critics due to her skillful story telling and enchanting prose. Her novels are also known for their well-crafted settings, many in England but also in such exotic locations as Damascus and the Greek islands, as well as Spain, France, Austria, etc.[6]

She was at the height of her popularity in the late 1960s, the 1970s and 1980s when many of her novels were translated into many languages; The Moon-Spinners was also made into a Disney movie. Stewart is one of the most prominent writers of the romantic suspense subgenre, blending romance novels and mystery; her works are considered to surpass those of Victoria Holt and Phyllis Whitney,[7] two other well-known writers of the genre. She seamlessly combined the two genres, maintaining a full mystery while focusing on the courtship between two people,[8] so that the process of solving the mystery "helps to illuminate" the hero's personality—thereby helping the heroine to fall in love with him.[9]

Following the success of T. H. White's The Once and Future King, and the connection of the Kennedy presidency with "Camelot", Arthurian legends regained popularity. Mary Stewart added to this climate by publishing The Crystal Cave, the first in what was to become a five-book series later dubbed The Merlin Chronicles. It placed Lady Stewart on the best seller list many times throughout the 1970s and 1980s. In an interview in 1989, Lady Stewart discussed many aspects concerning her writing of these books.[10]

Stewart is currently semi-retired and resides in Edinburgh, Scotland.


The Merlin Series[edit]

  1. The Crystal Cave (1970)
  2. The Hollow Hills (1973)
  3. The Last Enchantment (1979)
  4. The Wicked Day (1983)
  5. The Prince and the Pilgrim (1995)



  1. ^ Telegraph (accessed 28 May 2007)
  2. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica Student Encyclopedia (accessed 28 May 2007)
  3. ^ Durham University Honorary Degrees
  4. ^ Author biography in the 1988 paperback edition of her novel, Thornyhold
  5. ^ The Guardian (accessed 28 May 2007)
  6. ^ Contemporary Literary Criticism, v. 35. Gale Research Company, 1985.
  7. ^ Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852
  8. ^ Regis (2003), pp. 143, 144.
  9. ^ Regis (2003), p. 146.
  10. ^


  • Regis, Pamela (2003), A Natural History of the Romance Novel, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press, ISBN 0-8122-3303-4 
  • Friedman, Lenemaja (1990), Mary Stewart, Boston, Massachusetts: Twain Publishers, ISBN 9780805769852 

External links[edit]