She graduated from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor with a B.A. in 1973, and from the University of Michigan Medical School with an M.D. in 1978. She was a resident at the University of Minnesota. She studied on a geriatric fellowship at the University of Rochester with Dr. T. Franklin Williams. She pioneered the study of morbidity due to falls by elderly people, and investigated risk-reduction strategies that were both effective and cost-effective.
- "A Multifactorial Intervention to Reduce the Risk of Falling among Elderly People Living in the Community", The New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 331:821-827, September 29, 1994, Number 13