Mary W. Gray
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Mary Lee Wheat Gray (born April 8, 1939) is an American mathematician. She is the author of books and papers in the fields of mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, applied statistics, economic equity, discrimination law, and academic freedom.
Gray completed her undergraduate degree from Hastings College and her Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Kansas. She also completed her J.D. from Washington College of Law. She is a member of the District of Columbia and U.S. Supreme Court bars.
Gray was one of the founding members of the Association for Women in Mathematics (AWM) and the first President of the AWM from 1971 to 1973.
Gray has received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Mentoring from President George W. Bush. She has also received honorary degrees from the University of Nebraska and Hastings College. In 2012 she became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.
Gray has published over 80 articles.
- A Radical Approach to Algebra
- Calculus with Finite Mathematics for Social Sciences
- 1959 Fulbright Fellowship
- 1994 Mentor Award for Lifetime Achievement from the American Association for the Advancement of Science
- 1979 Georgina Smith Award from the American Association of University Professors for her work on the status of women in collective bargaining
- 2001 Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Engineering and Mathematics Mentoring
- 2012 Elizabeth L. Scott Award from the Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies
- Chair of the Board of Directors of the American Middle East Education
- Statistics Without Borders
- Co-director of the Patricia Roberts Harris Fellowship program at American University
- President of the Association for Women in Mathematics, 1971–1973
Professor Gray is the author of books and papers in the fields of mathematics, mathematics education, computer science, applied statistics, economic equity, discrimination law, and academic freedom.Â She has lectured throughout the United States, Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America.Â Her current research interests include applications of statistics in litigation, ethical issues in statistics, intellectual property and academic freedom, and language and gender issues in mathematics.Â Her work has been supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Karim Rida Said Foundation in London.
Professor Gray has served as consultant and expert witness on issues of university governance, academic freedom and tenure, faculty personnel policies, economic equity, and technology in higher education in the United States, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe.Â She has a visiting appointment at the Kingâ€™s College (London) School of Medicine.
In 2001 Dr. Gray visited the three Kurdish provinces of Iraqi (Dohuk, Erbil, and Sulemaniya) to consult on issues in higher education, human rights, technology, and the conduct of a population census.Â During 2003 she worked on the USAID project, Revitalization of Iraqi Schools/Stabilization of Education, focusing on an inventory of the secondary schools of Iraq and community interviews with Iraqi parents and teachers. Beginning in 2005 she is advising the Kurdistan Regional Government on information technology issues and the conduct of a census.
Â The first president of the Association for Women in Mathematics, past president of the Womenâ€™s Equity Action League and president-elect of the Caucus for Women in Statistics,Â Dr. Gray has been a member of boards and committees of such organizations as Amnesty International, the American Civil Liberties Union, the American Middle East Education Foundation, the Universal Education Foundation, and the American Association of University Professors, has served as vice-president of the American Mathematical Society, is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and was recently elected to membership in the International Statistical Institute.Â Professor Gray has been chair of the Board of Directors of Amnesty International USA, International Treasurer of Amnesty International, and chair of its international Development Committee.Â President Bush awarded her the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics Mentoring.
Â Dr. Gray has previously taught at the University of Kansas, the University of California, Berkeley, and California State University, Hayward, and has worked at the National Bureau of Standards and as a consultant for a number of government agencies and private firms.Â She has served several terms as chair of her department and as Director of the Womenâ€™s and Gender Studies Program at American University.Â Her undergraduate degree is from Hastings College, her Ph.D. is from the University of Kansas, and she has studied in Germany on a Fulbright grant.Â She also has a J.D. degree from Washington College of Law, American University and is a member of the District of Columbia and U.S. Supreme bars.Â She has been awarded honorary degrees by the University of Nebraska and Hastings College. 
- List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-01-19.
- "Mary Gray". American University. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Mary Lee Wheat Gray". University of St Andrews, Scotland. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Mary Gray". Agnes Scott College. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Presidential Awards For Excellence In Science Mathematics And Engineering Mentoring". enGrant Scientific. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- "Awards". PAESMEM.net. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- Becker, Abbey (2012-04-12). "Mary Gray Receives Mentorship Award". American University. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
- http://www.academic2.american.edu/~mgray/. Missing or empty
- A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives
- Notable Women in Mathematics, a Biographical Dictionary, edited by Charlene Morrow and Teri Perl, Greenwood Press, 1998. pp 71–76
- Radical Subcategories Pacific Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 23, No. 1 (1967), 79-89