Maryam (name)

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Maryam
Pronunciation [ˈmariːˈam]
Gender Female
Other names
Related names Mary, Miriam, Miryam, Myriam, Meryem, Maria, Marija, Mariah, Marie, Marion

Maryam or Mariam is the Aramaic name (ܡܪܝܡ) of Mary the mother of Jesus and of Miriam, the sister of Moses. She is mentioned in the Greek translation of the Tanakh or Old Testament known as the Septuagint, in the original Greek text of the New Testament, and in the Qur'an.[1] The name has the same form in Syriac, Georgian and Armenian. The Hebrew variant of the name is Miriam, the Latin variant is Maria. This Latin form is the one that was adopted into all modern Western European languages following Christianization. The Turkish variant is spelled Meryem.

The name may have originated from the Egyptian mry "beloved" or mr "love"[2] or the derived ancient Egyptian name Meritamen or Meri-Amun, "beloved of the God Amun".[3] Other suggestions include the word root m-r-r "bitter" (cf. myrrh), or the Hebrew root (מרי m-r-y) "rebellious", or even possibly "wished-for child", or "strong waters". These meanings may be related to the role of Moses' sister Miriam, in the Exodus narrative. This variation of the name became popular in ancient Hebrew society, possibly the most common female given name,[citation needed] and this may account for its appearance in the Gospel narrative as the name of Jesus' mother and also of Mary Magdalene.[citation needed] It also is a name of a flower (tuberose) in the Persian language.

People with this given name[edit]

Maryam or Mariam may refer to:

Use in Ethiopian names[edit]

Maryam or Mariam is found as part of compound names in Ethiopia, including masculine names.

Hailemariam, often printed as Haile Mariam in the West, means power of Mary.

Earlier examples include:

Still other Ethiopians bear names derived from titles or feasts of St. Mary, such as Zedingil (Of the Virgin) and Kidane (Covenant [of Mercy]).

Other uses as a name[edit]

  • Ustad Ali Maryam, architect in 19th century Persia, added Maryam to his name after building a house for an important woman with that name
  • Kanaya Maryam, a Homestuck character

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Holy Qur'an: Maryam (Mary), Sura 19 (Translation by A. Yusuf Ali)
  2. ^ Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Mary
  3. ^ Holly Ingraham, People's names: A Cross-Cultural Guide to the Proper Use of Over 40,000 Names in Over One Hundred Culture Groups (1997)

See also[edit]