Maryland's 8th congressional district

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"MD-8" redirects here. For the state route, see Maryland Route 8.
Maryland's 8th congressional district
Maryland's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Maryland's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Chris Van Hollen (DKensington)
Area 297.06 mi2
Distribution 88.08% urban, 11.92% rural
Population (2010) 756,076
Median income $97,192
Ethnicity 68% White, 11% Black, 9% Asian, 13% Hispanic
Cook PVI D+10[1]

Maryland's 8th congressional district stretches from the northern Washington, D.C. suburbs north towards the Pennsylvania border. The district is currently represented by Democrat Chris Van Hollen.

History[edit]

The district was created after the 1790 census in time for the 1792 election, was abolished after the 1830 census, and was reinstated after the 1960 census. During Carlton R. Sickles's tenure, the district was at-large and covered the entire state.

During redistricting after the 2000 census, the Democratic-dominated Maryland legislature sought to unseat then-incumbent Republican Connie Morella[citation needed]. One proposal went so far as to divide the district in two, effectively giving one to state Senator Christopher Van Hollen, Jr. and forcing then-incumbent Connie Morella to run against popular Maryland State Delegate and Kennedy political family member Mark Kennedy Shriver[citation needed]. The final redistricting plan was less ambitious, restoring an eastern, heavily Democratic spur of Montgomery County removed in the 1990 redistricting to the 8th District[citation needed], as well as adding an adjacent portion from heavily Democratic Prince George's County located in Maryland's 5th congressional district. Although it forced Van Hollen and Shriver to run against each other in an expensive primary, the shift pushed the district into the Democratic column, and Van Hollen defeated Morella in 2002.

From 2003 to 2013 the district mostly consisted of the larger part of Montgomery County, also including a small portion of Prince George's County. The district now includes Carroll, Frederick, and parts of Montgomery County.

Recent elections[edit]

Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1976
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Newton Steers 111,274 46.82%
Democratic Lanny Davis 100,343 42.22%
Independent Robin Ficker 26,035 10.96%
Totals 237,652 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1978
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes 81,851 51.27%
Republican Newton Steers (inc.) 77,807 48.73%
Totals 159,658 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (inc.) 148,301 59.33%
Republican Newton Steers 101,659 40.67%
Totals 249,960 100.00%
Democratic hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1982
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (inc.) 121,761 71.34%
Republican Elizabeth W. Spencer 48,910 28.66%
Totals 170,671 100.00%
Democratic hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Michael D. Barnes (inc.) 181,947 71.47%
Republican Albert Ceccone 70,715 27.78%
Libertarian Samuel K. Grove 1,903 0.75%
Write-ins 4 <0.01%
Totals 254,569 100.00%
Democratic hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella 92,917 52.87%
Democratic Stewart Bainum 82,825 47.13%
Totals 175,742 100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 172,619 62.75%
Democratic Peter Franchot 102,478 37.25%
Totals 275,097 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1990
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 130,059 73.53%
Democratic James Walker 39,343 22.24%
Independent Sidney Altman 7,485 4.23%
Totals 176,887 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1992
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 203,377 72.53%
Democratic Edward J. Heffernan 77,042 27.47%
Totals 280,419 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 143,449 70.28%
Democratic Steven Van Grack 60,660 29.72%
Totals 204,109 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 152,538 61.22%
Democratic Donald Mooers 96,229 38.62%
Totals 249,146 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 133,145 60.34%
Democratic Ralph G. Neas 87,497 39.66%
Totals 220,642 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 156,241 52.00%
Democratic Terry Lierman 136,840 45.54%
Constitution Brian D. Saunders 7,017 2.34%
Write-ins 371 0.12%
Totals 300,469 100.00%
Republican hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen 112,788 51.74%
Republican Connie Morella (inc.) 103,587 47.52%
Write-ins 1,599 0.73%
Totals 217,974 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (inc.) 215,129 74.91% +23.17
Republican Chuck Floyd 71,989 25.07% -22.45
Write-ins 79 0.03% -0.70
Totals 287,197 100.00%
Democratic hold
Marylands's 8th congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (inc.) 168,872 76.52% +1.61
Republican Jeffrey M. Stein 48,324 21.90% -3.17
Green Gerard P. Giblin 3,298 1.49% +1.49
Write-ins 191 0.09% +0.09
Totals 220,685 100.00%
Democratic hold Swing {{{swing}}}
Maryland's 8th Congressional District: 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (inc.) 229,740 75.08% -1.44
Republican Steve Hudson 66,351 21.68% -0.22
Green Gordon Clark 6,828 2.23% +0.74
Libertarian Ian Thomas 2,562 0.84% +0.84
Write-in All write-ins 533 0.17% +0.08
Totals 306,014 100.00%
Democratic hold Swing
Maryland's 8th Congressional District: 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (inc.) 153,613 73.27% -1.81
Republican Michael Lee Philips 52,421 25.00% +3.32
Libertarian Mark Grannis 2,713 1.29% +0.45
Constitution Fred Nordhorn 696 0.33% +0.33
No party Write-ins 224 0.11%
Totals 209,667 100.00%
Democratic hold
Maryland's 8th Congressional District: 2012[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Chris Van Hollen (inc.) 217,531 63.37%
Republican Kenneth R. Timmerman 113,033 32.93%
Libertarian Mark Grannis 7,235 2.11%
Green George Gluck 5,064 1.48%
N/A Others (write-in) 393 0.11%
Totals 343,256 100%
Democratic hold

List of representatives[edit]

# Representative Party Tenure Notes/Events
District created in 1793
1 William Vans Murray.jpg William Vans Murray Pro-Administration March 4, 1793–
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from the 5th district
Federalist March 4, 1795–
March 3, 1797
2 No image.svg John Dennis Federalist March 4, 1797–
March 3, 1805
3 Charles Goldsborough, 1802 painting.jpg Charles Goldsborough Federalist March 4, 1805–
March 3, 1817
4 No image.svg Thomas Bayly Federalist March 4, 1817–
March 3, 1823
5 No image.svg John S. Spence Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823–
March 3, 1825
6 No image.svg Robert N. Martin Adams March 4, 1825–
March 3, 1827
7 No image.svg Ephraim King Wilson Adams March 4, 1827–
March 3, 1829
Jackson March 4, 1829–
March 3, 1831
8 No image.svg John S. Spence Anti-Jackson March 4, 1831–
March 3, 1833
9 No image.svg John T. Stoddert Jackson March 4, 1833–
March 3, 1835
Seat abolished after the 1830 census
The seat was reinstated after the 1960 census, but its boundaries were not established until 1967.
10 Gilbert Gude.jpg Gilbert Gude Republican January 3, 1967–
January 3, 1977
Retired
11 Newton Steers.jpg Newton Steers Republican January 3, 1977–
January 3, 1979
Lost re-election
12 Michael D Barnes US Congress Photo Portrait.jpg Michael D. Barnes Democratic January 3, 1979–
January 3, 1987
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
13 Constance A. Morella, US Dept of State photo portrait.jpg Connie Morella Republican January 3, 1987–
January 3, 2003
Lost re-election
14 Chris Van Hollen official portrait, 2010.jpg Chris Van Hollen Democratic January 3, 2003–
Present
First elected in 2002

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008". The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 

Coordinates: 39°06′N 77°15′W / 39.1°N 77.25°W / 39.1; -77.25