Maryland Defense Force
|Maryland Defense Force|
Seal of the Maryland Defense Force
|Active||1917 - 1920, 1941 - 1947, 1983 to present|
|Type||State defense force|
|Part of||Maryland Military Department|
|Motto||Officio Vocante Parati|
|Civilian leadership||Governor Martin O'Malley
Governor of the State of Maryland
|State military leadership||Major General James A. Adkins
Adjutant General of the State of Maryland
Brigadier General (MDDF) Brian Kelm
Commanding General, Maryland Defense Force
The Maryland Defense Force (MDDF) is the state defense force for the state of Maryland. The MDDF is organized as a volunteer military organization organized parallel to the Maryland National Guard and is designed to augment the National Guard during stateside emergencies. However, as a state defense force, the MDDF is solely under control of the state of Maryland and cannot be federalized or deployed outside the borders of Maryland.
The history of the MDDF dates back to colonial days in the 17th century, but it was formally established in 1917 with the mission "to protect public buildings, water supplies, and other properties". It was called the Maryland State Guard. It was disbanded in 1920 to make room for the National Guard to return to duties in the armories.
The Maryland State Guard was reactivated in 1939 in response to World War II. It was then deactivated in 1947. As of 1983, the Maryland State Guard was reactivated and renamed the Maryland Defense Force. In 1994, the Maryland Defense Force's missions were expanded to search and rescue, armory staffing, and disaster relief. As of September 11, 2001 attacks, the Maryland Defense Force was tasked with its current mission - to provide support to the Maryland Military Department as needed.
In August of 2005, members of the 10th Medical Regiment, including civilian medical professionals who were sworn into the MDDF on the tarmac of Martin State Airport, departed for Louisiana in two C130 cargo planes operated by the Maryland Air National Guard to provide medical treatment to approximately 6,300 hurricane victims over eighteen days as an operation called Operation Lifeline. In 2006, members of the 10th Medical Regiment, despite not being subject to deployment outside the state of Maryland, voluntarily deployed with the 175th Medical Group of the Maryland Air National Guard to Bosnia and Herzegovina as a part of a training exercise where the 10th Medical Regiment assisted in providing medical aid to the local populace.
Maryland Defense Force Band
The Maryland Defense Force Band provides back up support for the 229th Army Band of the Maryland Army National Guard. The MDDF band plays in military ceremonies, concerts, and receptions organized by the Maryland Military Department. The band includes wind, brass and percussion instruments.
Cavalry Troop A
Cavalry Troop A, the ceremonial cavalry unit of the Maryland Military Department, was established January 8, 2004. The troop acts in a ceremonial and public relations role as a recruiting aid for both the MDDF and the Maryland National Guard. Training for Troop A includes mounted cavalry drill, equitation or skill-at-arms on horseback or dismounted drill and ceremony and basic military customs and courtesies.
The MDDF Chaplain Corps includes ordained ministers, staff assistants, and chaplain assistants who provide spiritual support for members of the MDDF, the Maryland National Guard, their families, and in times of emergency, civilians. The Chaplain Corps can be called upon to perform religious rites or sacraments when deployed. Chaplains are required be ordained ministers of their faith, in good standing with their church, and must meet secondary education requirements. On top of certification requirements, chaplains must have passed MDDF Basic Training and courses in MDDF-specific Chaplain duties.
Cyber Security Unit
The MDDF Cyber Security Unit was created in 2010 to supplement the cyber teams of the Maryland National Guard.
121st Engineer Regiment
The 121st Engineer Regiment acts as a rapid relief engineering unit intended to deploy after an emergency to aid the Maryland Military Department in civil relief efforts. Since 2009, the 121st Engineer Regiment has conducted all of the inspections of state military facilities across Maryland for the Maryland Army National Guard.
Maryland Emergency Engineering Response Team (MEERT)
The Maryland Emergency Engineering Response Team is a unit of graduate engineers, most of whom are licensed professional Maryland engineers, organized to work closely with both the Maryland Army National Guard and the Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA).
Judge Advocate Corps
The Judge Advocate Corps of the MDDF is composed of licensed attorneys. The primary responsibility of the unit is to provide pro bono legal assistance to Maryland National Guard members with issues including family law, real estate, and creditor-debtor rights. The corps can also provide support to the state military justice system.
10th Medical Regiment
The 10th Medical Regiment is the medical arm of the MDDF and is registered with the Office of the Surgeon General as a Medical Reserve Corps unit. The mission of the regiment is to provide emergency surge capacity support to civil authorities during an emergency. Unlike other MDDF guardsmen, members of the 10th Medical Regiment are allowed to serve in backup status and attend only an annual muster one day per year.
In August of 2005, on a purely voluntary basis as state guardsmen cannot be ordered to deploy outside the state of Maryland, members of the 10th Medical Regiment provided medical service to approximately 6,300 Hurricane Katrina victims over an eighteen day period as a part of Operation Lifeline. Included in those deployed were civilian medical professionals who, despite a willingness to volunteer in providing medical care for hurricane victims, had no means of deployment into the emergency zone as civilians. These medical volunteers were inducted into the MDDF on the tarmac of Martin State Airport. As members of the MDDF, these volunteers received military transport, worker's compensation eligibility, and liability protection under Maryland law. Over 100 of those sworn in with the purpose of taking part in Operation Lifeline elected to remain members of the MDDF following deployment.
In 2006, volunteers from the 10th Medical Regiment deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina alongside the 175th Medical Group of the Air National Guard to provide medical care for locals as a part of a training mission. Operation Lifeline, with only 250 MDDF volunteers lasted for 18 days and aided 6,300 patients.
The MDDF Troop Command assigns members and units of the MDDF to work in tandem with the Maryland Army National Guard, Maryland Air National Guard, and Maryland Emergency Management Agency.
- Colgan, LTC Richard; Davis, Maj. Kisha; Barish, Col. Robert A. (2006). "Operation Lifeline: Health Care Professionals from Maryland Respond to Hurricane Katrina". Defense Technical Information Center.
- "The Forgotten Front". Maryland Military Department. Fall 2006. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Maryland Defense Force Band". Official Maryland Defense Force Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Maryland Defense Force Band Flyer". Official Maryland Defense Force Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Cavalry Troop A". Official Maryland Defense Force Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Chaplain Corps". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- Ohlmacher, LTC (MDDF) Jane (30 September 2014). "MDDF Cyber Security Unit Helps Defend Maryland from Attack". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Maryland Defense Force 121st Engineer Regiment". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Judge Advocate Corps". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "10th Medical Regiment". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- Zuckerman, Jessica; Hershkowitz, Col. Martin; Smalkin, BG Frederick N.; Carafano, James Jay. "Why More States Should Establish State Defense Forces". The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Troop Command". Maryland Defense Force Official Website. Retrieved 18 October 2014.