Maryland Midland Railway
|Maryland Midland Railway|
|Locale||Carroll and Frederick Counties, Maryland|
|Dates of operation||1980–|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Length||63 mi. (currently in service), 74 mi. total|
|Headquarters||Union Bridge, Maryland|
The Maryland Midland Railway (reporting mark MMID) is a Class III short-line railroad operating about 63 miles of track in central Maryland. It was originally headquartered in the former Western Maryland Railway station in Union Bridge, Maryland, however it is now located in a new facility across the street from the old station. The railroad has been 87.4% owned by Genesee & Wyoming Inc since 2008, with Lehigh Cement (the largest shipper on the line) retaining a 12.6% interest.
The railway currently operates on track from Highfield, Maryland (west) to Glyndon, Maryland (east), via a short two mile loop through Franklin County, Pennsylvania, and from Woodsboro, Maryland (south) to Taneytown, Maryland (north).
Operations began in 1980 over a section of ex-Pennsylvania Railroad's Frederick Secondary line from Taneytown to Walkersville, Maryland. Starting in 1983 the ex-Western Maryland Railway line from Emory Grove to Highfield was purchased from CSXT in sections.
In late 1993, the company proposed a plan to rejuvenate the section of the Frederick Secondary from Taneytown to York, Pennsylvania that had been abandoned for the past ten years. The plan would have enabled to the company to expand its markets to Pennsylvania and would have provided a connection to Conrail's rail network. The plan proved to be too costly when landowners along the proposed route of rail reconstruction demanded excessive prices and construction never began.
The railroad's business grew from trains pulling 200 freight cars per year in the 1980s to 18,000 freight cars in 2006. By 2006, it owned a fleet of ten locomotives; three GP9 low hoods, and seven GP38-3, all of EMD build. Its rolling stock also included 410 freight cars owned and/or leased.
In 2008, the railroad was purchased by Genesee & Wyoming, a US-based corporation that owns multiple railroad shortlines in the United States and Australia.
Passenger excursion line - EnterTRAINment Line
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From 1990 to 1995, the EnterTRAINment Line provided passenger excursions on the Maryland Midland Railway system.
The service and business entity, the EnterTRAINMENT Line (EL), was not part of the Maryland Midland Railway. Rather, the EnterTRAINment Line paid Maryland Midland Railway (MMR) a "haulage fee", each time the EL operated a train. On board staff, (kitchen crew, servers, bartenders, train manager, faux conductor, etc., etc.) office staff, and maintenance staff of the EL were all separate from the MMR. The Maryland Midland Railway provided the engine(s), and train crew. (Engineer and "real" FRA certified conductor)
The four owners of the EnterTRAINment line, Kirk Lorenz, Steve Hamilton, Don Golec, and Jerry Pilcher, purchased the EL from Gus Novatny & Associates in about 1992. (?) Prior to the purchase, the EnterTRAINment Line ran a very abbreviated schedule of all-you-can-eat dinner trains, diner trains with murder-mystery themes, and carnival trains for kids. The new owners added specialty theme trains, (Civil War trains, Whistle Stop trains for politicians, Santa Claus-Tree Cutting trains, Wedding trains, and NYE trains)
The capacity of the EnterTRAINment Line also increased greatly with new owners, as did the frequency and dates of departures. Group tour business was heavily solicited, and marketing was expanded to include AAA, tour operators, and other nationally known travel partners.
Dinner and Murder Mystery trains were operated between Westminster, MD and Union Bridge, MD. (The Maryland Midland Railway's office, and location where the the EnterTRAINment Line's equipment was stored when not operating), and between Union Bridge, MD and Thurmont, MD. Specialty trains operated often between Union Bridge, MD, and the road's interchange with CSX, at Blue Ridge Summit, in Pennsylvania.
New equipment was leased, expanding the capacity greatly. Normal dinner train or Murder Mystery train consists were typically made up of:
- Power Car (to provide electricity to the train, and offered storage space)
- "Table Cars" which consisted of old coach cars, with all of the coach seats removed, and 4 top tables for diners installed)
- Dance Car, highly popular car, with over-sized windows that opened all the way to the roof, and a live DJ. No seats of tables in this car.
- Dome Car, "Silver Zephyr",a traditional center-dome car, (reportedly went to service in Mexico after the EL closed)
- "Kitchen Car", two different types were operated, at first only a former "Lunch Counter Car" with a minute kitchen was used. It was later supplemented with a full dining car, complete with full kitchen.
- Private Car. A couple of private cars were available for a premium price. Guests were offered private dining, and had the exclusive use of the car, it's bedrooms, and open platform, as well as the rest of the EnterTRAINment Line train.
- "Hooper Car". The Hooper too was converted to a table car, but had the distinction of being named for the former president of the B&O railroad. It also had it's own bar, and bathroom facilities.
In less than two years, business on the EnterTRAINment Line quadrupled,. However, a dark cloud surfaced in the form of alleged back taxes due the State of Maryland. Because the EL was offering Murder Mystery trains, the State claimed that the EL must collect and remit to the State, the 10% Admissions and Amusement tax. The former owners had never collected this tax, and had indicated to the new owners that the "tax manner" was behind them. It wasn't.
The EnterTRAINment Line's argument was that the entity was indeed a passenger railroad operating concern, and therefore not subject to local or state taxes, not under the enforcement or jurisdiction of the state, instead, under the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission. The EnterTRAINment Line published a timetable with fares, one way, or round trip tickets were available to the general public on any train operated by the EL, and it ran over a line that was part of the ICC-defined, "national system".
The new owners didn't do due diligence, and the State came after them for back A&A taxes of appromimately $300,000. Mr. Pilcher left the company in about 1994, shocked that his partners had chosen to fight the State's allegations, without advice of counsel. The case was eventually decided in favor of the State, and the EnterTRAINment line soon stopped running. Much of the equipment was leased, and returned to it's lessors. Other equipment was sold to other tourist railroads, and for a short while, some remnants of a dinner train operated out of the York, PA area.
This service was discontinued when EnterTRAINment went out of business in May 1995. More recently, Maryland Midland has been a freight-only line, except for occasional trips by stockholders and the Western Maryland Railway Historical Society Museum, located in an adjoining building in Union Bridge.
Personal observations of former employees, can be found HERE.
Maryland Midland Railway connects with CSX Transportation (CSXT) at two points:
- Facts & Stats: Freight Rail. Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- Ed Waters, Jr. (June 27, 2006). "Heading off on another track: Maryland Midland’s retiring president reflects on his career and the direction of the railway business". Frederick News-Post. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- Jackie Powder (April 28, 1994). "New Railway headquarters to have Victorian look". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- Amy L. Miller (January 4, 1994). "Proposed line would offer businesses rail connections to the northern U.S.". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- Staff Reports (April 13, 1994). "Maryland Midland cancels plans for line to Pennsylvania". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2013-05-06.
- J. Shelley Hopkins (May 2005). "B&O Lounge/Observation Car 3302". The Bull Sheet. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- Donna R. Engle (December 17, 1995). "Railway negotiating for new dinner train". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2010-07-20.