Maryland Route 201

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Maryland Route 201 marker

Maryland Route 201
Maryland Route 201 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDSHA
Length: 9.40 mi[1] (15.13 km)
Existed: 1927 – present
Major junctions
South end: DC 295 near Cheverly
 
North end: MD 212 in Beltsville
Location
Counties: Prince George's
Highway system
MD 200 MD 202

Maryland Route 201 (MD 201) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. Known for most of its length as Kenilworth Avenue, the highway runs 9.40 miles (15.13 km) from the District of Columbia boundary near Cheverly, where the highway continues south as District of Columbia Route 295 (DC 295), north to MD 212 in Beltsville. MD 201 is a four- to six-lane divided highway that connects Washington with the northern Prince George's County municipalities of Cheverly, Bladensburg, Edmonston, Riverdale Park, College Park, Berwyn Heights, and Greenbelt. The highway is a part of the National Highway System from Washington to its complex interchange with U.S. Route 50 (US 50) and the Baltimore–Washington Parkway near Cheverly; and from Paint Branch Parkway near College Park to Cherrywood Lane in Greenbelt as an intermodal connector from Interstate 95 and I-495 to a pair of Washington Metro stations.[2] MD 201 was built as two separate highways in the late 1920s: MD 201 from Washington to Bladensburg and MD 205 from Bladensburg to Greenbelt. These highways, some of which became MD 769, were replaced with a relocated Kenilworth Avenue in the mid- to late 1950s, including the Kenilworth Interchange in Cheverly. MD 201 was extended north to Beltsville in the early 1960s. The Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA) plans to extend MD 201 north toward Laurel.

Route description[edit]

MD 201 begins at the District of Columbia boundary near Cheverly as Kenilworth Avenue, which continues into Washington as DC 295. The six-lane freeway enters Maryland by passing under Eastern Avenue, which has an extra-wide bridge over the freeway. MD 201 heads north paralleled by unsigned MD 965 (Kenilworth Avenue), a one-way service road to and from Eastern Avenue that parallels the freeway along a horseshoe path; there are ramps from MD 965 to northbound MD 201 and from southbound MD 201 to MD 965. The freeway crosses over MD 965 and the Amtrak Northeast Corridor and enters the Kenilworth Interchange, which connects MD 201, US 50 (John Hanson Highway), the Baltimore–Washington Parkway (unsigned MD 295), and MD 459, which is also named Kenilworth Avenue. Just north of MD 201's bridges over US 50, two-lane ramps split from MD 201 to join the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. MD 201 becomes a non-freeway four-lane divided highway and has ramps to and from MD 459, which is used for access from northbound MD 201 to westbound US 50 and from westbound US 50 to northbound MD 201.[1][3]

North of MD 459, MD 201 crosses over the Capital Subdivision's Alexandria Branch, a CSX rail line, and curves northwest and passes under the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. North of the parkway, southbound MD 201 has a ramp to US 50 (New York Avenue) into Washington. The state highway has a staggered pair of intersections with 52nd Avenue, which heads south and north as MD 769D and MD 769C, respectively. MD 201 expands to six lanes and curves north into the town of Bladensburg. The highway drops to four lanes ahead of its partial cloverleaf interchange with MD 450 (Annapolis Road). Northbound MD 201 has two pairs of ramps for the interchange; the southern set are with MD 201A and the northern set are with the northern end of MD 769C (48th Street). MD 201 leaves Bladensburg, passes through the town of Edmonston, and meets the northern end of the southern segment of Edmonston Road in the town of Riverdale Park.[1][3]

MD 201 intersects Riverdale Road and MD 410 (East–West Highway), then follows the eastern boundary of Riverdale Park to Brier Ditch, just north of which the highway intersects Paint Branch Parkway and Good Luck Road. The former road provides access to the University of Maryland, the College Park Airport, and the College Park – University of Maryland station on the Washington Metro's Green Line. MD 201 begins to be paralleled by the middle segment of Edmonston Road to the west; this road forms the eastern boundary of the city of College Park and then the town of Berwyn Heights. On the east side of the state highway is Greenbelt Park within the city of Greenbelt. MD 201 expands to six lanes at its intersection with Pontiac Street then fully enters Greenbelt at its diamond interchange with MD 193 (Greenbelt Road).[1][3]

MD 201 has a partial cloverleaf interchange with I-95 and I-495 (Capital Beltway) and meets the western end of Crescent Road opposite the entrance to MDSHA's District 3 office. The highway drops to four lanes at Ivy Lane as it curves northwest. MD 201 drops to two lanes and its name changes to Edmonston Road at the northern city limit of Greenbelt at Cherrywood Lane, which leads to the Greenbelt Metro station. The highway continues through the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, within which the highway crosses Beaverdam Creek and curves north to its terminus at the intersection of Powder Mill Road and Edmonston Road on the eastern edge of Beltsville. The intersection also serves as the eastern terminus of MD 212. Powder Mill Road continues east as the main highway through the research farm; Edmonston Road continues north as a county highway.[1][3]

History[edit]

The first segment of MD 201, which was then known as River Road, was constructed as a 15-to-18-foot-wide (4.6 to 5.5 m) concrete road from the District of Columbia boundary to Tuxedo Road (now MD 459) in Cheverly in 1926 and 1927.[4][5][6] The highway was extended north to US 50 (now MD 450) in Bladensburg in 1929.[7][8] MD 201 was widened with a pair of 3.5-foot-wide (1.1 m) bituminous shoulders along its entire length in 1941.[9][10] The state highway originally followed what is now MD 965 north from Eastern Avenue along the northbound side of the modern highway. MD 201 continued along a road that no longer exists across Beaverdam Creek and the Pennsylvania Railroad (now Amtrak Northeast Corridor). North of what is now US 50, the highway followed the Kenilworth Avenue portion of MD 459 to its junction with MD 201, where the route was broken by modern MD 201 and the Baltimore–Washington Parkway. MD 201 continued along what are today MD 769D and MD 769C (52nd Avenue, Quincy Street, and 48th Street) to US 50 in Bladensburg.[11]

The first segment of MD 205, which comprised Edmonston Road from Bladensburg to Greenbelt, was constructed as a 15-foot-wide (4.6 m) concrete road from US 50 in Bladensburg to Riverdale Road in Riverdale Park between 1924 and 1926.[4][5][6] The highway was extended north to Branchville Road (now MD 193) in Berwyn Heights between 1926 and 1928.[4][12] MD 205 was widened with a pair of 3.5-foot-wide (1.1 m) bituminous shoulders along its entire length in 1940.[9] The highway was relocated and given two new bridges across Brier Ditch in 1949 and 1950.[13] MD 205 originally followed Edmonston Road, including all of MD 769B, from Bladensburg to Greenbelt. The highway followed the present alignment of MD 201 from the north end of Edmonston Road in East Riverdale to Old Calvert Road just north of Paint Branch Parkway in Riverdale Park.[11]

Construction on modern MD 201 as a divided highway from Washington to Greenbelt began in 1952.[14] The first segment of the highway, from Creston Street (at the ramp from southbound MD 201 to MD 459) north to Inwood Street (at the 52nd Street intersection), was started in 1952 and completed in 1954 and included a bridge across the B&O Railroad's Alexandria Branch.[14] The new MD 201 was extended north from Inwood Street to Upshur Street north of the new MD 450 interchange and from there to the Brier Ditch relocation from 1954 to 1956.[14][15][16] The new highway was constructed from the Brief Ditch relocation to just north of MD 430 (now MD 193) in Greenbelt starting in 1956; the divided highway was completed in 1958.[17][18] The MD 205 designation was removed north of Bladensburg in 1956; the old segments of MD 201 and MD 205 became segments of MD 769.[1][16]

Work on the Kenilworth or Tuxedo Interchange between MD 201, the Baltimore–Washington Parkway, and the Annapolis–Washington Expressway (US 50) began in 1954.[14] The first highway through the interchange, the parkway and its continuation into Washington along New York Avenue, was completed in 1955.[19] The new alignment of MD 201 from MD 459 to the District of Columbia was completed in 1957 and opened concurrently with the adjacent portion of expanded Kenilworth Avenue in the city. The portion of John Hanson Highway from New York Avenue to the interchange opened that same year.[20] The final movements in the interchange, from MD 201 to eastbound US 50 and from westbound US 50 to MD 201, opened concurrent with the portion of John Hanson Highway from the Kenilworth Interchange to MD 704 in Lanham in 1962.[21]

MD 201 was extended north along Edmonston Road through Greenbelt to MD 212 in Beltsville in 1962.[21] The following year, the divided highway was extended north through the interchange with the Capital Beltway to relocated Crescent Road in Greenbelt.[22][23] MD 201's diamond interchange with MD 193 was built in 1988.[24][25] The MDSHA plans to extend MD 201 north as a multi-lane divided highway north from MD 212 in Beltsville to I-95 south of Laurel. The highway would split north from Edmonston Road north of Odell Road, cross over CSX's Capital Subdivision and US 1, and follow an existing right-of-way corridor to the intersection of Virginia Manor Road and Ritz Way. MD 201 would continue along Virginia Manor Road to relocated Contee Road, which will have an interchange with I-95.[26]

Junction list[edit]

The entire route is in Prince George's County.

Location Mile
[1]
km Destinations Notes
Cheverly 0.00 0.00 DC 295 south (Kenilworth Avenue) to I‑295 – Washington, Richmond Southern terminus; District of Columbia boundary
0.17 0.27 Eastern Avenue – Aquatic Gardens Southbound exit, northbound entrance; ramps connect with unsigned MD 965
0.49 0.79 US 50 (John Hanson Highway) – Annapolis, New York Avenue Cloverleaf interchange; no access from southbound MD 201 to westbound US 50
0.59 0.95 Baltimore–Washington Parkway (MD 295 north) to I‑95 – Baltimore Northbound exit, southbound entrance
0.68 1.09 MD 459 south (Tuxedo Road) to US 50 west – Cheverly Southbound exit, northbound entrance; access from northbound MD 201 to MD 459 and from northbound MD 459 to southbound MD 201 is via MD 201–US 50 interchange
1.24 2.00 To US 50 west (New York Avenue) – Washington Southbound exit only
Bladensburg 1.30–
1.36
2.09–
2.19
52nd Avenue Staggered intersections; unsigned MD 769D (south) and MD 769C (north)
2.12 3.41 MD 450 (Annapolis Road) – Hyattsville, New Carrollton Partial cloverleaf interchange; northbound access is via MD 769C (48th Street)
Riverdale Park 3.90 6.28 MD 410 (East–West Highway) – Hyattsville, New Carrollton
Greenbelt 4.76 7.66 Paint Branch Parkway west / Good Luck Road east – University of Maryland
6.64 10.69 MD 193 (Greenbelt Road) Diamond interchange
7.17 11.54 I‑95 / I‑495 (Capital Beltway) – Andrews AFB, Richmond, Silver Spring, College Park, Baltimore I-95/I-495 Exit 23
Beltsville 9.40 15.13 MD 212 west (Powder Mill Road) / Powder Mill Road east / Edmonston Road north Northern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary route[edit]

MD 201A is the designation for the unnamed 0.08-mile (0.13 km) connector between a right-in/right-out intersection with northbound MD 201 and MD 769C (48th Street) in the southeast quadrant of the MD 201–MD 450 interchange in Bladensburg.[1][27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2013). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  2. ^ Federal Highway Administration (October 1, 2012) (PDF). National Highway System: Washington, DC-VA-MD (Map). http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/national_highway_system/nhs_maps/maryland/washington_dc.pdf. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
  3. ^ a b c d Google Inc. "Maryland Route 201". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=District+of+Columbia+Hwy+295&daddr=Kenilworth+Ave+to:MD-201+N%2FEdmonston+Rd&hl=en&ll=38.971688,-76.91391&spn=0.261045,0.672226&sll=38.96021,-76.924553&sspn=0.130544,0.336113&geocode=FdTAUQIdQhRq-w%3BFafAUgIdB2lq-w%3BFXSSUwIdr5pq-w&t=h&mra=ls&z=11. Retrieved 2013-06-16.
  4. ^ a b c Mackall, John N.; Darnall, R. Bennett; Brown, W.W. (January 1927). "Annual Reports of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1924–1926 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 39–40, 92. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  5. ^ a b Maryland Geological Survey. Map of Maryland: Showing State Road System and State Aid Roads (Map) (1927 ed.).
  6. ^ a b Byron, William D.; Lacy, Robert (December 28, 1934). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1931–1934 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. p. 21. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  7. ^ Uhl, G. Clinton; Bruce, Howard; Shaw, John K. (October 1, 1930). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1927–1930 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. p. 222. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  8. ^ Maryland Geological Survey. Map of Maryland Showing State Road System: State Aid Roads and Improved County Road Connections (Map) (1930 ed.).
  9. ^ a b Whitman, Ezra B.; Webb, P. Watson; Thomas, W. Frank (March 15, 1941). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1939–1940 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 74, 111. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  10. ^ Whitman, Ezra B.; Webb, P. Watson; Thomas, W. Frank (March 15, 1943). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1941–1942 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. p. 57. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  11. ^ a b United States Geological Survey. Washington East, DC quadrangle (Map). 1:31,680. 7 1/2 Minute Series (Topographic) (1945 ed.).
  12. ^ Maryland Geological Survey. Map of Maryland: Showing State Road System and State Aid Roads (Map) (1928 ed.).
  13. ^ McCain, Russell H.; Hall, Avery W.; Nichols, David M. (December 15, 1952). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1951–1952 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. p. 178. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  14. ^ a b c d McCain, Russell H.; Bennett, Edgar T.; Kelly, Bramwell (November 12, 1954). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1953–1954 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 68, 161–162, 165. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  15. ^ Bonnell, Robert O.; Bennett, Edgar T.; McMullen, John J. (November 2, 1956). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1955–1956 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 148, 152. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  16. ^ a b Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1956 ed.).
  17. ^ Bonnell, Robert O.; Bennett, Edgar T.; McMullen, John J. (December 15, 1958). "Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland" (1957–1958 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. p. 52. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  18. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1958 ed.).
  19. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1955 ed.).
  20. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1957 ed.).
  21. ^ a b Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1962 ed.).
  22. ^ Staff (2012). "NBI Structure Number: 100000160140012". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  23. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1963 ed.).
  24. ^ Staff (2012). "NBI Structure Number: 100000160222010". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  25. ^ Maryland State Highway Administration. Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map) (1989 ed.).
  26. ^ "Project Information: MD 201 Extension Kenilworth Avenue I-95 to North of Muirkirk Road". Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-16. 
  27. ^ Google Inc. "Maryland Route 201A". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=48th+St&daddr=48th+St&hl=en&ll=38.937047,-76.936333&spn=0.008162,0.021007&sll=38.93711,-76.936253&sspn=0.00102,0.002626&geocode=FWkgUgIdGQpq-w%3BFTsjUgIdygxq-w&t=h&mra=ls&z=16. Retrieved 2013-06-16.

External links[edit]