Maryovsky District

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Maryovsky District
Марёвский район (Russian)
Location of Maryovsky District (Novgorod Oblast).svg
Location of Maryovsky District in Novgorod Oblast
Coordinates: 57°19′N 32°05′E / 57.317°N 32.083°E / 57.317; 32.083Coordinates: 57°19′N 32°05′E / 57.317°N 32.083°E / 57.317; 32.083
Coat of Arms of Marevsky rayon (Novgorod oblast).png
Coat of arms of Maryovsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Novgorod Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of April 2012)
Administrative center selo of Maryovo[1]
Administrative divisions:[2]
settlement 4
Inhabited localities:[2]
Rural localities 139
Municipal structure (as of March 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Maryovsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 0
Rural settlements 4
Statistics
Area 1,800 km2 (690 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 4,673 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 0%
- Rural 100%
Density 2.6 /km2 (6.7 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established October 1, 1927[8]
Previous names Molvotitsky District[citation needed]
Official website
Maryovsky District on WikiCommons

Maryovsky District (Russian: Марёвский район) is an administrative[1] and municipal[3] district (raion), one of the twenty-one in Novgorod Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast and borders with Demyansky District in the north, Ostashkovsky and Penovsky Districts of Tver Oblast in the southeast, Andreapolsky District of Tver Oblast and Kholmsky District in the southwest, Poddorsky District in the west, and with Starorussky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,800 square kilometers (690 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the rural locality (a selo) of Maryovo.[1] District's population: 4,673 (2010 Census);[5] 5,711 (2002 Census);[9] 6,835 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Maryovo accounts for 49.2% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

Almost all of the area of the district belongs to the basin of the Pola River and only minor areas in the western part of the district are in the basin of the Lovat. The district is located on the northern slope of the western part of the Valdai Hills, and the rivers mostly flow from south to north. The Pola crosses the district, and its biggest tributary within the district is the Maryovka River.

History[edit]

Maryovo (Maryova) was mentioned in a chronicle in 1495. The area was a part of Derevskaya Pyatina of the Novgorod Republic. Between 1612 and 1617, during the Ingrian War, it was occupied by Polish and Swedish troops. By 1620, the area became completely depopulated and had to be repopulated again.[11] In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. Until 1824, Maryovo was a part of Starorussky Uyezd of Novgorod Viceroyalty (since 1796 of Novgorod Governorate). In 1824, the area was transferred to Demyansky Uyezd, which was split from Starorussky Uyezd.

In August 1927, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Molvotitsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Molvotitsy,[12] was established within Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast effective October 1, 1927.[8] It included parts of former Demyansky Uyezd.[12] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[13] On September 6, 1941, Molvotitsky District was occupied by German troops.[12] It was partially liberated on January 15, 1942 and fully liberated on February 15, 1943.[12] On February 19, 1944, the administrative center of the district was transferred from Molvotitsy to the selo of Maryovo.[12] On July 5, 1944, Molvotitsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[12] On July 22, 1961, a part of abolished Zaluchsky District was merged into Molvotitsky District.[14] On February 1, 1963, the district was abolished in the course of the Nikita Khrushchev's administrative reform.[15] On December 30, 1966, the district was re-established as Maryovsky District.[15] It included the part of the former Molvotitsky District which was previously transferred to Demyansky District.[15]

Abolished districts[edit]

Effective October 1, 1927,[8] Zaluchsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Zaluchye was established as well, as a part of Novgorod Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[14] It included parts of Starorussky Uyezd.[14] Between August 1941 and February 1943, Zaluchsky District was occupied by German troops.[14] On July 5, 1944, Zaluchsky District was transferred to newly established Novgorod Oblast.[14] On July 22, 1961, Zaluchsky District was abolished and split between Starorussky and Molvotitsky Districts.[14]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber industry.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

The agriculture of the district is in a deep recession. As of 2010, only 9% of available fields were used for agricultural purposes. Other agricultural specializations in the district are cattle and swine breeding.[16]

Transportation[edit]

Maryovo is connected by roads to Demyansk and Kholm. Through these localities, it has access to Veliky Novgorod and also to M10 highway connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains 3 cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally 117 objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[17] All federal monuments are archaeological sites.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #559-OZ
  2. ^ Resolution #121
  3. ^ a b c Law #401-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Официальная информация". openbudget.karelia.ru (in Russian). 2003. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b c Snytko et al., p. 85
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ "История" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Администрации Марёвского муниципального района. 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Snytko et al., pp. 115–116
  13. ^ Snytko et al., pp. 87–88
  14. ^ a b c d e f Snytko et al., pp. 104–105
  15. ^ a b c Snytko et al., pp. 195–196
  16. ^ a b "Концепция социально-экономического развития Марёвского муниципального района на 2011 год и на плановый период 2012 и 2013 годов" (in Russian). Администрация Марёвского муниципального района. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной Закон №559-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Новгородской области», в ред. Областного закона №533-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2014 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Новгородского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №75, 23 ноября 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #559-OZ of November 11, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Oblast Law #533-OZ of April 1, 2014 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations On the Territory of Novgorodsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Администрация Новгородской области. Постановление №121 от 8 апреля 2008 г. «Об реестре административно-территориального устройства области», в ред. Постановления №408 от 4 августа 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориального устройства области». Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №49–50, 16 апреля 2008 г. (Administration of Novgorod Oblast. Resolution #121 of April 8, 2008 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #408 of August 4, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Novgorod Oblast. ).
  • Новгородская областная Дума. Областной закон №401-ОЗ от 17 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Марёвского муниципального района, наделении их статусом сельских поселений, определении административных центров и перечня населённых пунктов, входящих в состав территорий поселений», в ред. Областного закона №699-ОЗ от 3 марта 2010 г «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории Марёвского муниципального района, и внесении изменений в некоторые Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня, следующего за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новгородские ведомости", №11–12, 26 января 2005 г. (Novgorod Oblast Duma. Oblast Law #401-OZ of January 17, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Maryovsky Municipal District, on Granting Them the Status of Rural Settlements, on Establishing Their Administrative Centers, and on Compiling the Lists of Inhabited Localities Within the Settlement Territories, as amended by the Oblast Law #699-OZ of March 3, 2010 On the Transformation of Various Municipal Formations Within the Territory of Maryovsky Municipal District and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 7, 2012.