Marywil in 1733.
|Town or city||Warsaw|
|Client||Maria Kazimiera Sobieska|
|Design and construction|
Marywil was built some time between 1692 and 1697 by Maria Kazimiera, the Queen of Poland, to commemorate the victory of her husband, King John III of Poland over the Turks in the Battle of Vienna. A large, pentagonal baroque building was designed by Tylman Gamerski and modelled after Place des Vosges and Place Dauphine in Paris. The building, bearing strong resemblance to Spanish baroque town market squares, contained shops and houses of the merchants, while the central square was used as a marketplace. The small apartments with depots were leased to foreign merchants who competed with local tradesmen. The northern edge of the complex housed a chapel to the Holy Mother of Victories. The building also served as a royal residence.
In 1738 the complex was bought by the Załuski family and it was there that Józef Jędrzej Załuski started the famous Załuski Library. Around 1744 the building was converted into a monastery by Antonina Zamoyska. In 1807 four large houses were built in the former marketplace. Between 1817 and 1821 Chrystian Piotr Aigner reconstructed the eastern wing in accordance with contemporary styles and added a seven story high clock tower. Simultaneously, in 1819 the monastery was moved out of the complex and it was converted into a housing quarter. However, soon afterwards, in 1825-1833 the entire complex was demolished to make way for the new Grand Theatre constructed there.
- "Marywil - założenie architektoniczno-urbanistyczne w Warszawie". varsovia.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- (Polish) www.warszawa1939.pl
- (Polish) Marywil Complex by Tylman van Gameren
- (Polish) Church in Marywil by Tylman van Gameren