Masaichi Niimi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Masaichi Niimi
Niimi Masaichi.jpg
Admiral Masaichi Niimi
Governor of Hong Kong
under Japanese occupation
In office
25 December 1941 – 20 February 1942
Serving with Takashi Sakai
Monarch Shōwa
Prime Minister Hideki Tōjō
Preceded by Sir Mark Aitchison Young
Succeeded by Rensuke Isogai
Personal details
Born (1887-02-04)4 February 1887
Hiroshima, Japan
Died 2 April 1993(1993-04-02) (aged 106)[1]
Military service
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch  Imperial Japanese Navy
Years of service 1908-1944
Rank Vice-Admiral
Commands Ōi, Yakumo, Maya
Imperial Japanese Navy Academy
2nd China Expeditionary Fleet
Maizuru Naval District
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Battle of Hong Kong
Awards Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure (July 1942)
Order of the Rising Sun (2nd Class) (1936)

With translated information from the corresponding Japanese Wikipedia article

Vice-Admiral Masaichi Niimi (新見 政一 Niimi Masaichi?, 4 February 1887 – 2 April 1993) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.

Life and naval career[edit]

Niimi was born in what is now Asakita Ward, Hiroshima City, in Hiroshima Prefecture, as the second son to a farming and soy sauce producing family. He entered the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy on 2 December 1905 and graduated from its 36th class on 21 November 1908, ranking 15th out of 191 cadets. As a midshipman, he served on the cruisers Aso and Izumo. He was commissioned an ensign on 15 January 1910 and promoted to sub-lieutenant on 1 December 1911.

He attended naval artillery and torpedo school in 1910, and was then assigned back to the Aso, followed by the destroyer Yayoi.

Promoted to lieutenant on 1 December 1914, he served on the cruiser Katori, battlecruiser Ibuki, battleship Kawachi and destroyer Umikaze. He attended the Naval War College (Japan) in 1917, specializing in naval artillery, graduating fourth in his class of 24 on 26 November 1919. He then became chief gunnery officer on the battleship Ise and was promoted to lieutenant commander on 1 December 1920. He was sent to the United Kingdom as a naval attaché from 1923–1925, during which time he was further promoted to commander on 1 December 1924. In 1922, he wrote a report to the Navy General Staff on the importance of protecting merchant shipping in times of war.[2]

On his return to Japan, he was assigned as executive officer on the cruiser Kuma in 1926. He was promoted to captain on 30 November 1929. On 1 April 1931, he was given his first command: the cruiser Ōi. He subsequently served as captain of the cruisers Yakumo and Maya.

Niimi was promoted to rear admiral on 15 November 1935. In 1937, he accompanied Prince Chichibu to England for the Coronation Ceremonies of King George VI, afterwards visiting France, Germany and the United States. After serving as chief of staff of the Kure Naval District and of the IJN 2nd Fleet, he was further promoted to vice admiral and Commandant of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academy on 15 November 1939.

On 4 April 1941, he assumed command of the 2nd China Expeditionary Fleet, and was responsible for the naval component of the invasion of Hong Kong, where his duties primarily involved the blockade of Hong Kong harbor with small patrol craft and a couple of light cruisers. He nominally shared the position of Head of Japanese Occupation Forces in Hong Kong with General Takashi Sakai, but his authority was limited to offshore areas.

On 14 July 1942, he became Commander in Chief of the Maizuru Naval District. He retired from active service in March 1944.

Niimi survived the war and lived on to the age of 106 years old.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy
  2. ^ Evans. Kaigun. Page 530
Books
  • Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-192-7. 
  • Lindsay, Oliver (2006). The Battle for Hong Kong, 1941-1945: Hostage to Fortune. McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-7735-3162-9. 

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Mark Aitchison Young
as Governor of Hong Kong
Governor-General of Hong Kong
1941–1942
Served alongside: Takashi Sakai
Succeeded by
Rensuke Isogai