|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Masantol
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Danilo Sonza Guintu|
|• Vice Mayor||Alvin Ignacio|
|• Total||48.25 km2 (18.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class|
Masantol is a second class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 52,407 people. The town is named after the santol trees that used to grow abundantly in the area.
The town got its name from the fruit tree, either because there was a proliferation of santol trees in the area, or because the town was where santol fruits were heavily bartered (Kapampangans being fond of 'sinigang' dish).
A legend of how the town got its name goes like this: 'A Spanish missionary came to the town for the first time. Upon reaching a roadside corner store, he parked his horse-driven vehicle and inquired from the store keeper the name of the place. A middle-aged woman vendor, believing that the Spanish priest was asking for the name of the fruits she was selling, readily responded in broken Spanish language, Padre, todos dulce Masantol. The priest took from his pocket a pencil and a small diary and wrote down the word mas santol, referring to the name of the place he has visited. At the time, the locality abounded with santol trees, and santol fruits were in season when the priest visited the place.'
Tarik Sulayman was an indigenous leader from the Masantol area who refused to ally with the Spaniards and therefore mounted an attack against the Spanish forces of Miguel López de Legazpi during the Battle of Bankusay Channel on June 3, 1571. The Macabebe forces were defeated, and Tarik Sulayman himself was killed. Consequently, this victory enabled the Spaniards to establish themselves throughout the city and its neighboring towns.
Originally named San Miguel de Masantol and a part of the town of Macabebe, three of the town's leading patriarchs - Manuel Fajardo, Gregorio Bautista, and Juan Lacap - filed a motion on June 26, 1877, to separate the barrios of Bebe, Bulacus, Caingin and Nigui from Macabebe thereby creating a new Spanish pueblo called San Miguel. This new pueblo was approved by Spanish Governor General Domingo Moriones y Murillo and was inaugurated on May 1, 1878. On November 30, 1893, the Catholic Parish of San Miguel was formally acknowledged through a Royal Decree. For a while it came to be known San Miguel Masantol, until popular usage reverted it to the original name.
On July 26, 1904, Masantol once more became part of Macabebe. However, in 1907, Masantol was again reinstated as a separate independent municipality and this lasted up to the present.
On January 7, 2008, one person drowned, another missing and 40 others were injured due to electric shocks, when a live cable hit the floating pagoda boat in the fluvial festival at Barangay alauli, Masantol, in honor of Virgen La Purisima Concepcion.
- Bebe Anac
- Bebe Matua
- San Agustin (Caingin)
- Santa Monica (Caingin)
- Sagrada (Tibagin)
- San Isidro Anac
- San Isidro Matua (Pob.)
- San Nicolas (Pob.)
- San Pedro
- Santa Cruz
- Santa Lucia Matua
- Santa Lucia Paguiaba
- Santa Lucia Wakas
- Santa Lucia Anac (Pob.)
- Sapang Kawayan
- Santo Niño
- Bebe Arabia
- Sagrada 2 (sagrada dos)
|Population census of Masantol|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The majority of the population are members of the Catholic church and each village or barangay has its own fiesta. Catholicism has its root to the town since the Spanish period as the Spaniards and friars forced the natives to embrace the religion.
The largest minority religion in the town is Iglesia Ni Cristo. The membership of the church is evident with the rise of several houses of worship or INC chapels in different barangays.
Masantol is home to several primary and secondary schools, among them are:
- Bagang Elem. School
- San Miguel Academy Semi-Catholic School
- Holy Child of Mary Academy Semi-Catholic School
- Masantol Elementary School (Masantol Central Elementary School)
- Masantol High School
- Masantol High School Annex in Sagrada (Tarik Suliman High School)
- St. Michael The Archangel Archdiocesan Parochial School Exclusive Catholic School(Masantol Parochial School)
- Pampanga Institute - 1st high school institution in town of Masantol
- Masantol High School Annex -(Malauli High School)
- Caingin Elem. School
- Palimpe Elem. School
- Bebe Anac Elem. School
- Bebe Matua Elem School
- Puti Elem. School
- Sagrada Elem. School
- Sua Elem. School
- San Isidro Elem. School
- Balibago Elem. School
- sta.lucia elem school
- Viva San Miguel Arkangel - May 8, All Masantolenos
- Viva Sto. Nino - every last Sunday of January. - Brgy. Sto. Nino
- Viva Santa Monica - every 3rd Sunday of April. - Brgy. Santa Monica Caingin
- Fluvial parade,Batalla and Talangka Festival of San Roque - every 3rd Sunday or 4th Sunday of April if Lunar year. - Brgy. Bebe Anac, Bebe Matua, and Bario Bebe Arabia
- Batalla Festival of San Miguel - every May 8 of the year. - Masantol Town Proper
- Feast of Apung Kulas - every May 12 of the year. - Brgy. San Nicolas
- Feast of The HOLY ROSARY - every 2nd Saturday of October in BULACUS MASANTOL
- Fiesta de Santa Lucia - every December 13 of the year. - Brgy. Santa Lucia Wakas, Matua, Anac
- Viva San Agustin - every August 28 of the year. Brgy. San Agustin Caingin
- The Labas Larawan (Celebration of the Saints) in each barrio/barangay celebrating their patron saint for one week in January.
- A week long "Barrio Feista" for each barrio scattered throughout the year.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Alejandro S. Camiling. "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Historical articles. andropampanga.com. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Andropampanga. 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- chinapost.com.tw, One drowns, 40 injured in Philippine boat mishap
- "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Masantol, Pampanga.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System